The Ultimate In Birding Tours

Asia (and its islands)

VIETNAM – The Ultimate itinerary for Vietnamese endemics and specialities

Sunday 2nd March – Sunday 23rd March 2025

Leaders: Dáni Balla and a top local bird guide

22 Days Group Size Limit 7
Fansipan Extension

Sunday 23rd March – Wednesday 26th March 2025

4 Days Group Size Limit 7


Birdquest’s Vietnam birding tours explore the entire length of the most endemic-rich country in mainland Southeast Asia. Our ultimate Vietnam birding tour is the most comprehensive itinerary available in this fascinating and beautiful country and turns up a fantastic array of specialities. Apart from the very rich avifauna, we usually see some rare primates and Vietnam also offers amazing scenery, a fantastic culture and an overall great travel experience!

Vietnam has 13 currently-recognized endemics and of these our tour targets will be Orange-breasted, Collared, Golden-winged and Chestnut-eared Laughingthrushes, Black-crowned Fulvetta, Vietnamese Cutia, Grey-crowned Crocias, Dalat Shrike-babbler, White-throated Wren-Babbler, Dalat Bush Warbler and Vietnamese Greenfinch.

The list of regional endemics or near-endemics is also very impressive and on this amazing tour we have a chance to such sought-after birds as Germain’s Peacock Pheasant, Siamese Fireback, Red-vented, Necklaced and Indochinese Barbets, Yellow-vented Green Pigeon, Blue-rumped and Bar-bellied Pittas, White-winged and Indochinese Green Magpies, Ratchet-tailed Treepie, Indochinese Cuckooshrike, Yellow-billed Nuthatch, Masked, Grey, Rufous-cheeked, White-cheeked and Black-hooded Laughingthrushes, Short-tailed Scimitar Babbler, Sooty Babbler, Indochinese Fulvetta, Grey-faced Tit Babbler, Black-crowned Barwing, Pale-throated Wren-Babbler and with a modicum of luck the shy Orange-necked Partridge and even the rare and elusive Red-collared Woodpecker.

Indochina, where the avifaunas of China, Malaysia and the Himalayas all meet, remains in ornithological terms amongst the least known and unexplored of all the regions of South-East Asia.

During the days when it was under French colonial administration, Vietnam was considered to be very much a land of remote forested mountains inhabited by wild tribespeople. Ravaged by thirty years of struggle, first in the independence war against the French and later during the civil war, Vietnam and its fantastic birdlife remained firmly off-limits. Now the country has once more opened its doors to outsiders and for birdwatchers, the old images of a war-torn country that came to exert such a powerful fascination for westerners are gradually being replaced by thoughts of the brilliant green paddyfields, forested hills with jutting limestone peaks and cool pine forests that had remained inaccessible for so long.

Vietnam has the most diverse avifauna in Indochina and amongst its birds are many of the most sought-after species of the Oriental region, including 13 endemic species (significantly more than any other country in South-East Asia), 11 additional species endemic to Indochina as a whole and a long series of endemic subspecies, some of which surely merit elevation to species status. Vietnam is still a rarely visited birding destination in spite of its very rich avifauna (rivalling Thailand in what it can produce in three weeks).

Our Vietnam birding tour, which will explore some of the finest areas for birds in the country, is more comprehensive than any other Vietnam birding tour and is specifically designed to concentrate on Vietnamese endemics and other regional specialities.

Our Vietnam birding tour starts at the city of Saigon (or Ho Chi Minh City as it is nowadays officially known), but we immediately head for Cat Tien National Park in northern Cochinchina, which protects one of the largest remaining areas of lowland forest and wetlands in the country. Here we will be hoping to see such near-endemics as Orange-necked Partridge, Germain’s Peacock-Pheasant, Red-vented Barbet, Bar-bellied and Blue-rumped Pittas, and Grey-faced Tit-babbler, as well as a long list of more widespread species including specialities such as Green-legged Partridge, Siamese Fireback, Green Peafowl, Pale-headed, Black-and-buff and Heart-spotted Woodpeckers, Vinous-breasted Starling and Golden-crested Myna.

Next, we head northwards to the unique Da Lat (or Lang Bian) plateau where forested peaks rise to over 2000 metres. The forests here harbour such Vietnamese or Indochinese endemics as Black-headed Parrotbill, Black-hooded, White-cheeked, Orange-breasted and Collared Laughingthrushes, Vietnamese Cutia, Black-crowned Fulvetta, Yellow-billed Nuthatch, Indochinese Green Magpie, Vietnamese Greenfinch and the strange Grey-crowned Crocias. Other specialities include Yellow-vented Green Pigeon, Hodgson’s Frogmouth, Blue Pitta, Swinhoe’s Minivet, Green Cochoa, White-spectacled and Grey-cheeked Warblers, and Black-headed Sibia.

From Da Lat, we head northwards into central Vietnam, where we will visit several rarely explored reserves in search of some of Vietnam’s least-known endemics and near-endemics, including Short-tailed Scimitar Babbler (also known as Indochinese Wren-Babbler), Chestnut-eared, Golden-winged and Rufous-cheeked Laughingthrushes, Sooty Babbler, Indochinese Fulvetta, Black-crowned Barwing, Limestone Leaf Warbler, White-winged Magpie and Ratchet-tailed Treepie.

Continuing northwards, we will explore Cuc Phuong, the oldest of Vietnam’s national parks. Here in the moist evergreen forest, we will look for a series of exciting birds, including Pied Falconet, Eared Pitta, Red-collared Woodpecker, Japanese and Black-breasted Thrushes, Rufous-throated Fulvetta, White-tailed Flycatcher and Fork-tailed Sunbird.

Finally, we will visit the old French hill station at Tam Dao, haunt of Chestnut Bulbul, Greyish-crowned Leagfbird, Fujian Niltava, White-gorgeted Flycatcher, David’s Fulvetta, Spot-necked Babbler, Grey Laughingthrush, Indochinese Yuhina, Green Cochoa, Short-tailed Parrotbill and the very shy Blue-naped Pitta.

(If it becomes ‘seeable’ again, we will also make a visit to Ba Be National Park for the superb and very rare and endangered White-eared Night Heron.)

During the optional extension, we will explore the Fansipan region in northwestern Vietnam. The near-endemic Pale-throated Wren-Babbler occurs in northwestern Vietnam, and the Fansipan area is the most accessible location for this special bird.

We also plan to visit the summit of Fansipan mountain (the highest peak in Indochina at 3143m or 10312ft) by the world’s longest cable car in order to locate some of the higher elevation specialities such as the near-endemic fooksi race of the Scaly Laughingthrush, the skulking Red-winged Laughingthrush, Bar-winged Wren-Babbler, the valentinae form of the White-browed Fulvetta (a potential split as Tonkin Fulvetta) and the rothschildi race of the amazing Slender-billed Scimitar Babbler.

Other birds of interest in the northwest include Vinous-throated and Ashy-throated Parrotbills, and Black-headed Greenfinch.

When the time comes to take our leave of this fascinating country we will surely agree with the comment made by Jean Delacour, a pioneer of South-East Asian ornithology, that “no other part of Asia is of greater interest to the ornithologist”.

Birdquest pioneered Vietnam birding tours as far back as 1991.

What makes the Birdquest Vietnam birding tour special? Firstly we have the best, most comprehensive Vietnam birding tour itinerary available. Secondly, we use better quality accommodations than some bird tour operators do, wherever we can, rather than less comfortable places when better options are available. There is definitely a dual approach going on in Vietnam. In addition, we use and pay for hide/blind access in various spots to give our group members high chances for fantastic, close encounters with special bird species. This is not the case with most bird tour companies. Finally, the Birdquest group size limit is lower than for many other Vietnam birding tours. There is a lot of forest birding in Vietnam and so a smaller group size limit is a major benefit to participants. ‘You get what you pay for’ is a very true adage.

White-throated Wren-Babbler Expedition 2025: Following the 2025 Vietnam tour a few hardy souls will be looking for poorly known, endemic White-throated Wren-Babbler in northwest Vietnam. It lives in rough terrain and the walking is demanding and needs fitness and agility. If you are interested in participating in this short expedition, please inform us. Cost will depend on numbers but it will be relatively inexpensive. You just have to have the physical ability!

Accommodation & Road Transport: The hotels/guesthouses are of a good or medium standard throughout. Road transport is by small coach or minibus/passenger van and roads are now generally good.

Walking: The walking effort during our Vietnam birding tour is mostly easy, but there are some moderate-grade and longer walks and one mountain trail that is at times steep and slippery.

Climate: Most days at lower altitudes in the south will be warm or hot, dry and sunny. In the north and at higher altitudes in the south conditions range from warm to rather cool. Overcast weather is not infrequent and it may well rain.

Bird Photography: Opportunities during our Vietnam birding tour are worthwhile.


  • The most avian endemics of any mainland South-East Asian country
  • Mind-blowing close views of Bar-bellied and Blue-rumped Pittas and Germain’s Peacock-Pheasant at Cat Tien National Park
  • Green Peafowl and Gaur venturing into the undisturbed grasslands
  • Resplendant Siamese Firebacks loitering on the park roads
  • Superb Blue Pittas and stunning Collared Laughingthrushes on the Dalat Plateau
  • Following a noisy band of Grey-crowned Crocias
  • Exploring the untouched forests of the central highlands, home to recently discovered species like Chestnut-eared and Golden-winged Laughingthbrushes and Black-crowned Barwing
  • Immaculate Red-shanked Douc Langurs spying down at us, as we search for White-winged Magpie
  • Watching Sooty Babblers flitting down a rock-face, in the impressive Karst Limestone scenery of Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park
  • A troupe of pied Delacour’s Langurs on the ridges of Van Long
  • Clattering Limestone Wren-Babblers at Cuc Phuong, as we search for Red-collared Woodpecker
  • Tiny munia-like Short-tailed Parrotbills emerging from the bamboo at misty Tam Dao, to a serenade of Grey Laughingthrushes
  • Watching the rare endemic White-throated Wren-Babbler and Pale-throated Wren-Babbler in the Fansipan region
  • A breathtaking cable car ride to the summit of Fansipan - home of the endemic 'Tonkin' Fulvetta


  • Day 1: Morning tour start at Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon). Drive to Cat Tien.
  • Days 2-4: Cat Tien National Park.
  • Day 5: Cat Tien, then drive to Di Linh. Deo Nui San area.
  • Day 6: Deo Nui San area, then drive to Da Lat.
  • Days 7-8: Da Lat (or Lang Bian) Plateau.
  • Day 9: Drive to Mang Den.
  • Day 10: Mang Canh. Overnight at Mang Den.
  • Day 11: Mang Den, then drive to Tu Mo Rong.
  • Day 12: Mount Ngoc Linh. Overnight at Tu Mo Rong.
  • Day 13: Mount Ngoc Linh, then drive to Lang Co near Da Nang.
  • Day 14: Much of day and overnight at Bach Ma National Park.
  • Day 15: Bach Ma, then drive to Khe Sanh.
  • Day 16: Drive north to Xuan Son. Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park.
  • Day 17: Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park. Overnight Xuan Son.
  • Day 18: Phong Nha-Ke Bang, then drive to Cuc Phuong.
  • Day 19: Cuc Phuong National Park.
  • Day 20: Cuc Phuong, then drive to Tam Dao.
  • Day 21: Tam Dao.
  • Day 22: Tam Dao, then transfer to Hanoi airport for afternoon tour end.
  • Day 1: Drive to Fansipan region.
  • Days 2-3: Fansipan region.
  • Day 4: Fansipan region, then drive to Hanoi airport for afternoon tour end.

To see a larger map, click on the square-like ‘enlarge’ icon in the upper right of the map box.

To see (or hide) the ‘map legend’, click on the icon with an arrow in the upper left of the map box.

To change to a satellite view, which is great for seeing the physical terrain (and for seeing really fine details by repetitive use of the + button), click on the square ‘map view’ icon in the lower left corner of the ‘map legend’.


Birdquest Inclusions: Our tour prices include surface transportation, accommodations, meals and entrance fees.

We also include all tipping for local guides, drivers and accommodation/restaurant staff.

Deposit: 20% of the total tour price. Our office will let you know what deposit amount is due, in order to confirm your booking, following receipt of your online booking form.

TO BOOK THIS TOUR: Click here (you will need the tour dates)

2025: confirmed £5490, $7050, €6410, AUD10640. Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon)/Hanoi.
Fansipan Extension: £970, $1250, €1130, AUD1880. Hanoi/Hanoi.

Single Supplement: 2025: £540, $700, €630, AUD1050.
Fansipan Extension: £110, $150, €130, AUD220.

The single supplement will not apply if you indicate on booking that you prefer to share a room and there is a room-mate of the same sex available.

This tour is priced in US Dollars. Amounts shown in other currencies are indicative.

Air Travel To & From The Tour: Our in-house IATA ticket agency will be pleased to arrange your air travel on request, or you may arrange this yourself if you prefer.


Vietnam: Day 1  Our tour begins this morning at Ho Chi Minh City (the official name for Saigon), from where we will drive to Cat Tien for a four nights stay. The city was dubbed the ‘Paris of the East’ during the French colonial period and some of the old flavour remains. We will arrive at Cat Tien in time for some initial exploration.

Vietnam: Days 2-4  Cat Tien was the first national park to be established in southern Vietnam and is situated only 100 kilometres to the northeast of Saigon. The park lies at the base of foothills which eventually lead to the Da Lat highlands. The beautiful lowland forest in the eastern half of the park is probably one of the last remaining areas that supports almost the full spectrum of the rich Cochinchinese avifauna and was very fortunate to escape the spraying with defoliants during the civil war that destroyed vast tracts of forest elsewhere in southern Vietnam.

The park is a mosaic of different habitats, dominated by a series of seasonal wetlands at its centre. Small flocks of waterbirds including Eastern Cattle, Great, Intermediate and Little Egrets, and Chinese Pond Heron, gather to sun themselves in the trees. Overhead larger birds such as Woolly-necked Stork, Lesser Adjutant and Grey-headed Fish Eagle flap past in search of a quiet place to feed. In the early morning, Green Peafowl can be heard calling from the larger trees surrounding the wetlands, where they have a good preen before flying down to commence feeding. Along the edges of pools and marshes, we may find Cinnamon Bittern, White-breasted Waterhen, Stork-billed Kingfisher and Palearctic migrants from northern Asia such as Oriental and Black-browed Reed Warblers, Lanceolated Warbler and Dusky Warbler.

In the evening groups of Great Eared Nightjars emerge to hunt over open areas while Large-tailed Nightjars fly low over forest clearings. After nightfall, we will have a good chance of seeing Asian Barred Owlet and Brown Hawk Owl.

Other birds we should see in the open grassy habitat include Striated Heron, Collared Falconet, Red-wattled Lapwing, Lesser Coucal, Indochinese Bushlark, Black-hooded Oriole, Yellow-bellied and Plain Prinias, Chestnut-capped Babbler, Baya Weaver and White-rumped Munia. If we are very lucky even the rare Asian Golden Weaver can show up.

A driveable track, leading from the park headquarters in the south to Dac Lua substation in the north, bisects the reserve. The first part of the track runs close to the banks of the Dong Nai River. In the morning, many birds are active along the riverbanks and we should encounter White-throated and Pied Kingfishers, Chestnut-headed Bee-eater, Black-and-red Broadbill, Racket-tailed Treepie, Rufescent Prinia and perhaps winter visitors such as Thick-billed and Radde’s Warblers. As we move further into the heart of the park the partly deciduous forest becomes taller, although still open, and is interspersed with dense patches of evergreen forest and thorny clumps of bamboo.

Much of the bird activity will be concentrated around fruiting trees where we will find birds such as Thick-billed, Ashy-headed and Orange-breasted Green Pigeons, Green Imperial Pigeon, Red-breasted Parakeet, Vernal Hanging Parrot, Green-eared and Lineated Barbets, the little known near-endemic Red-vented Barbet, Ochraceous and Black-headed Bulbuls, Great and Common Ioras, Golden-fronted and Blue-winged Leafbirds, and Asian Fairy-bluebird. In roving flocks we should find Green-billed Malkoha, Laced Woodpecker, Banded and Dusky Broadbills, Large Woodshrike, Scarlet Minivet, Greater Racket-tailed Drongo, Velvet-fronted Nuthatch, Abbott’s and Scaly-crowned Babblers, and Pin-striped Tit-babbler.

Clearings in the forest are always a good place to linger, attracting such species as Black Baza, Crested Goshawk, Shikra, Crested Serpent Eagle, Red Junglefowl, Red Collared and Spotted Doves, Plaintive and Square-tailed Drongo Cuckoos, Greater Coucal, Asian Palm Swift, Germain’s Swiftlet, Great and Oriental Pied Hornbills, Indian (Black-billed) Roller, Dollarbird, Blue-bearded Bee-eater, Blue-eared and Coppersmith Barbets, the huge Great Slaty and White-bellied Woodpeckers, Striated Swallow, Stripe-throated and Streak-eared Bulbuls, Black and Hair-crested Drongos, Brown Shrike, Chestnut-tailed and Vinous-breasted Starlings, Golden-crested and Hill Mynas, Black-naped Oriole, Ashy Woodswallow, Oriental Magpie-Robin, Dark-necked Tailorbird, Van Hasselt’s Sunbird, Olive-backed Sunbird, Yellow-vented and Scarlet-backed Flowerpeckers, and Paddyfield Pipit.

Venturing along the smaller side trails into patches of evergreen forest, we will be looking in particular for such secretive specialities as the restricted-range Siamese Fireback, the near-endemic Germain’s Peacock-Pheasant, Green-legged Partridge, Black-and-buff Woodpecker and the near-endemic Bar-bellied Pitta. With persistence, we have a good chance of seeing all of them during our stay. We may also come across the little-known, near-endemic Orange-necked Partridge and our chances will be greatly increased if one or more are regularly visiting one of the hides (blinds) in the Cat Tien area.

In this habitat we should also be able to locate Emerald Dove, Orange-breasted Trogon, Banded Kingfisher, Greater Flameback, White-browed Piculet, White-rumped Shama, the endemic Grey-faced Tit-babbler, White-crested Laughingthrush, Hainan Blue Flycatcher, Black-naped Monarch, Asian Paradise Flycatcher, Ruby-cheeked and Purple-naped Sunbirds and Little Spiderhunter.

Other species we may well encounter at Cat Tien include Crested (or Oriental) Honey-Buzzard, Common Flameback, Heart-spotted Woodpecker and Tickell’s Blue Flycatcher, as well as such wintering species as Siberian Rubythroat, Siberian Blue Robin, Pale-legged Leaf and Two-barred Warblers, and Taiga (or Red-throated) and Asian Brown Flycatchers.

We also have a reasonable chance of finding Blyth’s Frogmouth, Violet Cuckoo, Pale-headed Woodpecker, Blue-rumped Pitta, Thick-billed Flowerpecker and Asian Golden Weaver.

In addition to birds, Cat Tien’s forests are an important refuge for Black-shanked Douc Langur, one of the most colourful and least known primates in Asia, and Buff-cheeked Gibbon. If we are very lucky we could even come across the rare Annamese Langur.

Vietnam: Day 5  After some final birding at Cat Tien we will drive north to Di Linh for an overnight stay. In the afternoon we shall start the exploration of the Deo Nui San area.

Vietnam: Day 6  Today we will have all day at Deo Nui San, a pass surrounded by impressive forested hills. We will look for a number of species that are easier to find here than on the Da Lat Plateau including Yellow-vented Green Pigeon, Square-tailed Drongo Cuckoo, Speckled Piculet, Long-tailed Broadbill, Grey-eyed Bulbul, Bronzed and Lesser Racket-tailed Drongos, the near-endemic Black-headed Parrotbill, Black-hooded and White-cheeked Laughingthrushes, the endemic Orange-breasted Laughingthrush, Streaked Spiderhunter and the distinctive local races of Black-headed and Rufous-backed Sibias, Blue-throated Flycatcher and Black-throated Sunbird (here of the beautiful, red-breasted johnsi race). If we are lucky we will find one or two of the more secretive birds of the area such as Bar-backed Partridge, Blue Pitta, Alström’s (or Plain-tailed) Warbler, Spot-throated Babbler, Rufous-browed Flycatcher and Indochinese Green Magpie. In the late afternoon, we will drive to Da Lat for a three nights stay.

Vietnam: Days 7-8  The Da Lat (or Lang Bian) Plateau is home to a remarkable avifauna dominated by Indochinese endemic species and also Indochinese subspecies of birds with Himalayan affinities. The town of Da Lat itself is a traditional hill resort for the inhabitants of Saigon and was a major destination for bird collecting expeditions during French colonial times: many of the unique birds discovered on the plateau were taken close to the town limits or on the nearby peaks. The resort was founded in 1893 by the famous French doctor Yersin, who recognized the site’s health-giving qualities and the surrounding area now produces large quantities of fruit, vegetables and flowers.

The Bidoup-Nui Ba National Park which also includes Mount Lang Bian (c2200m), the third-highest peak of the plateau, is only a short distance from the town. We will also visit the mixed forest surrounding Tuyen Lam Lake and some other localities. Native pine forests abound with such species as Large and Indochinese Cuckooshrikes, Long-tailed Minivet, Burmese Shrike, Ashy Drongo, Slender-billed Oriole, Grey Bushchat, Yellow-browed and Kloss’s Leaf Warblers, Green-backed Tit, Chestnut-vented Nuthatch and the endemic Vietnamese Greenfinch. Interesting local subspecies of Eurasian Jay and Common (or Red) Crossbill can also be found here.

In the open areas, we should see Black-collared Starling and winter visitors including Grey-faced Buzzard, Blue and White-throated Rock Thrushes, and Olive-backed Pipit. In evergreen scrub running through the pine forest and along the evergreen forest edge we should see Banded Bay Cuckoo, Necklaced Barbet, Black-crested, Red-whiskered, Flavescent and Sooty-headed Bulbuls, Hill Prinia, Verditer Flycatcher and Scaly-breasted Munia. Regular scanning of the skyline may produce Black-shouldered Kite, Black and Rufous-bellied Eagles, and House Swift.

Bird flocks will be encountered almost constantly once we enter the evergreen forest and will consist of species such as Bay Woodpecker, Greater and Lesser Yellownapes, Bar-winged Flycatcher-Shrike, Grey-chinned Minivet, Ashy Bulbul, White-browed Scimitar Babbler, Rufous-capped Babbler, Silver-eared Mesia, Blue-winged Minla, Mountain (Annam) Fulvetta, Blyth’s Leaf, Grey-cheeked and Chestnut-crowned Warblers, Mountain Tailorbird, Little Pied and Mugimaki Flycatchers, Grey-headed Canary Flycatcher, White-throated Fantail, Black-throated Bushtit, Hume’s Treecreeper, Fire-breasted Flowerpecker and Mrs Gould’s Sunbird.

In the best evergreen forest we should find Wedge-tailed Green and Mountain Imperial Pigeons, Barred Cuckoo-Dove, Indochinese Barbet, Mountain and Himalayan Black Bulbuls, Orange-bellied Leafbird, Maroon Oriole, Lesser Shortwing, Pygmy Wren-Babbler, the beautiful endemic Collared Laughingthrush, the endemic Grey-crowned Crocias, the endemic Vietnamese Cutia, Dalat Shrike-babbler, Clicking Shrike-babbler, the endemic Black-crowned Fulvetta, White-bellied Erpornis, Grey-bellied Tesia, Ashy-throated Warbler, White-spectacled Warbler, Large Niltava and Yellow-cheeked Tit.

If we are lucky we will find one or two of the more elusive inhabitants of the area such as Chinese Francolin, Rufous-throated Partridges, Silver Pheasant, Green Cochoa, Short-tailed Scimitar Babbler, Dalat Bush Warbler, Brown Prinia or a wintering Siberian Thrush.

Vietnam: Day 9  Today is a travel day as we first travel north to Pleiku and then head for Mang Den in Kontum province for a two nights stay.

Vietnam: Day 10  The hill forests of the Mang Canh region hold many species of birds, some of which we will encounter for the first time, but the key speciality here is the endemic Chestnut-eared Laughingthrush, first discovered only in 1999, which we have an excellent chance of observing. We should also have more chance to see the superb near-endemic Yellow-billed Nuthatch and the enigmatic, near-endemic Short-tailed Scimitar Babbler (the latter, also known as Indochinese Wren-Babbler and sometimes placed in Rimator as it appears to be a close relative of the Long-billed Wren-Babbler) and our first chance to see the localised and unique, black-crested, gayeti race of the Sultan Tit. Other interesting birds here could include Jerdon’s Baza, Asian Emerald Cuckoo, Hodgson’s Hawk-Cuckoo, Austen’s Brown Hornbill, Necklaced Barbet, Stripe-breasted Woodpecker, Ratchet-tailed Treepie, Coral-billed Scimitar Babbler, Eye-browed Wren-Babbler, a different race of Black-hooded Laughingthrush, Grey-headed Parrotbill and Blue-throated Flycatcher. If we are really lucky we can come across Rusty-naped Pitta or a Pin-tailed Parrotfinch.

Vietnam: Day 11  After some early morning birding around Mang Den we will continue northwards to remote Kon Tum Province where we will stay for two nights at Tu Mo Rong. We will arrive in time for some initial exploration of the area.

Vietnam: Day 12  The Central Highlands are the least populated part of the country and probably the last untouched wilderness of Vietnam where unbroken forest stretches as far as the eye can see. This border area with Cambodia and Laos is where two new bird species to science (Golden-winged Laughingthrush and Black-crowned Barwing) were described as recently as the 1990s! These new species were originally found by Birdlife International expeditions to the remote Mount Ngoc Linh (2598m), which is the highest peak of the Central Highlands.

Today we will visit the slopes of this amazing mountain where we will look for both of these recently described birds! We will have a very good chance to see the superb Black-crowned Barwing but we need a modicum of luck to connect with the Golden-winged Laughingthrush. There are two more exciting birds that live in this forest; Red-tailed Laughingthrush and Indochinese Fulvetta. We will certainly be on the lookout for both and any other interesting birds we can find in this virtually unknown area. A range of local forms occurs in this region, including those of the Golden-breasted and Rusty-capped Fulvettas, Black-headed Sibia, Stripe-throated Yuhina and Black-throated Parrotbill. Some of these may be split in the future.

Other species we may well encounter include Asian Emerald Cuckoo, the rare and striking White-winged Magpie, Ferruginous Flycatcher, Coral-billed Scimitar Babbler, Spot-throated Babbler, Red-tailed and Blue-winged Minlas, Rufous-backed Sibia and Green-tailed Sunbird.

Vietnam: Day 13  After some final birding in the Mount Ngoc Linh area, we will drive to Lang Co near Da Nang for an overnight stay.

Vietnam: Day 14  Overlooking the South China Sea, the resort grounds are good for birds and early morning we will look for Light-vented Bulbul, Daurian Redstart, Mandarin (or Chinese) Blackbird, Masked Laughingthrush, Brown-throated Sunbird and Grey-capped Greenfinch.

After breakfast, we will drive to Bach Ma National Park for an overnight stay.

Bach Ma National Park is situated in the narrow central region of Vietnam, just north of the Hai Van Pass where the Annamite Mountain Range meets the South China Sea. In 1932 a road was built to the summit of Bach Ma (1448m) and the area became a French colonial hill resort. The area was officially classified as a national park in 1991, consisting of 22,000 hectares of core area plus 21,000 hectares of buffer zone. Lowland evergreen forest is the dominant forest type below 900m, with montane evergreen forest taking over above this elevation. Bach Ma has a special microclimate and rather changeable weather. Indeed, it is one of the wettest places in Vietnam with some 8000mm of precipitation falling annually at the summit!

A number of different trails give access to the forest at various altitudes and we will explore some of these during our visit. One of our prime targets here is the skulking Short-tailed Scimitar Babbler and the unobtrusive White-gorgeted Flycatcher. Other birds we may well find include the unique, black-crested, gayeti race of the Sultan Tit, Puff-throated Bulbul, Black-browed Fulvetta, Silver-eared Mesia, White-crowned Forktail and Red-flanked Bluetail. If we are very lucky we might see a Rufous-throated or Green-legged (Annam) Partridge or even the fantastic Silver Pheasant. In March and April, this area can be very good for migrants and we often see various thrushes, flycatchers and warblers. Mountain Scops Owl is not uncommon in the forest but is usually difficult to see because of the steep slopes. We also have our first chance to locate the stunning Red-shanked Douc Langur and if we are very fortunate we will also encounter the recently-split Annam Gibbon.

Vietnam: Day 15  After spending most of the morning in Bach Ma National Park we will travel north via Hue and Dong Ha for an overnight stay at Khe Sanh.

Vietnam: Day 16  Today we will travel northwards to Xuan Son in Quang Binh province for a two nights stay. We will stop along the way to explore an interesting area of forest where the restricted-range Rufous-cheeked Laughingthrush can be found. We will also have a second chance for White-winged Magpie. We shall arrive in time for some initial exploration in Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park.

Vietnam: Day 17  Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park protects a giant cave system (the largest in Vietnam) surrounded by forest-covered, limestone hills. This is the home of the highly localized, near-endemic Sooty Babbler. The species was originally known from just five specimens collected in Laos in 1920 and was rediscovered in central Vietnam in 1994. It was allocated to the monotypic genus Nigravis but later included in Stachyris, although its behaviour and call are rather atypical of Stachyris and further taxonomic investigation is clearly needed. Another interesting bird of the area is the restricted-range Limestone Leaf Warbler.

As we explore the national park we will encounter many of the typical birds of this unusual habitat, including Cook’s Swift, Slaty-backed Forktail, Japanese Thrush, Indochinese Yuhina, Black-throated Laughingthrush, Fork-tailed and Crimson Sunbirds, and White-vented Myna. More skulking species include Tonkin Partridge and Blue-rumped Pitta. If we are really lucky we will come across the rare and elusive Red-collared Woodpecker in this exciting part of Vietnam.

Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park is also a good place for seeing the endangered Hatinh Leaf Monkey and the amazing Red-shanked Douc Langur.

Vietnam: Day 18  After some final birding in the Phong Nha-Ke Bang region we will head northwards to Vietnam’s first national Park, Cuc Phuong, where we will stay for two nights. If time and schedule allow, we will visit Van Long Nature Reserve in the late afternoon. It is an extensive marshy area where we may find White-browed Crake as well as Pheasant-tailed Jacana and Grey-headed Lapwing. The endangered Delacour’s Langur can be more easily seen here than at Cuc Phuong.

Vietnam: Day 19  Based at the headquarters amid superb forest in the heart of Cuc Phuong National Park we will be ideally situated to explore this fascinating area with its limestone formations and forested central valley that provide a refuge for many exciting birds.

The forest, which starts only 50 metres from the guesthouse, contains such specialities as White-bellied Green Pigeon, the localized Rufous-throated Fulvetta and White-tailed Flycatcher. Along the various trails leading to ancient trees and caves, we may well find Silver Pheasant, Rufous Woodpecker, Silver-breasted Broadbill, Common Green Magpie, the strange Ratchet-tailed Treepie, White-tailed Robin, Large Scimitar Babbler, Buff-breasted Babbler and the striking Sultan Tit. Wet areas and streams in the forest are good places to look for White-crowned Forktail.

This is one of the best spots in Vietnam for seeing the difficult Eared Pitta. We also have another chance to look for the rare and elusive Red-collared Woodpecker which we have seen here several times.

Along the edges of the many small forest clearings can be found birds such as Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker, Japanese Tit and Plain Flowerpecker. Raptors include Black Eagle and may be joined overhead by Brown-backed Needletails. There is even a good chance of finding Pied Falconet resting on an exposed branch. Collared Scops Owls can be heard during the night, and we will have a chance of finding a Brown Wood Owl.

At this season, the resident bird population is augmented by visitors from the north, which often include Rufous-tailed Robin, Red-flanked Bluetail, White’s, Black-breasted, Japanese and Grey-backed Thrushes, Asian Stubtail, Manchurian Bush Warbler, Grey-crowned and Bianchi’s Warblers, and Fujian Niltava. In some years, Malayan Night Heron also winters in the park but we will need luck if we are to come across one.

Vietnam: Day 20  After some final birding at Cuc Phuong, we will continue to Tam Dao for a two nights stay.

Vietnam: Day 21  Tam Dao, the old French hill station that served the inhabitants of Hanoi, is about three hours drive to the northwest of Hanoi. Although most of the old buildings were destroyed during the Vietnam War, Tam Dao retains something of the atmosphere of an old hill station in miniature. Sheltered by a semi-circle of forested heights reaching 1350m, Tam Dao became a popular haunt of ornithologists early in the 20th century. Its rich and colourful forests, now a national park, have a very distinctive character, with a blending of birds that one otherwise encounters in the Himalayas, northwestern Thailand and southern China. A number of trails meander through the forest at various altitudes, offering quiet observers the chance to see a wide variety of species.

The most interesting specialities here include such restricted-range species as Greyish-crowned Leafbird, Chestnut Bulbul and David’s Fulvetta. More uncommon specialities that we will be on the lookout for at Tam Dao include Green Cochoa, Coral-billed Scimitar Babbler, the very localized Short-tailed Parrotbill and the noisy Greater Rufous-headed Parrotbill. If we are really in luck we will come across the shy Blue-naped Pitta or the rare Purple Cochoa.

There are a good number of more widespread species at Tam Dao. The enigmatic Grey Laughingthrush joins parties of Streak-breasted and Red-billed Scimitar Babblers, Greater Necklaced Laughingthrushes and Collared Babblers. A whistled imitation of the call of Collared Owlet can attract excited small birds, including Black-chinned Yuhina and Golden Babbler. Streaked and Eyebrowed Wren-Babblers can be found foraging close to the ground alongside leafy trails, while the gorgeous Red-headed Trogon and the retiring White-gorgeted Flycatcher favour the shadier areas of the forest. In the scrub and secondary growth and along the forest edge we may find Pale-footed, Brownish-flanked and Russet Bush Warblers, and Grey-backed Shrike. Other birds we may well come across during our visit are Black-winged Cuckooshrike, Ashy Bulbul, Pallas’s Leaf Warbler, Blyth’s Shrike-babbler and the spectacular Red-billed Blue Magpie.

(If the endangered White-eared Night Heron is showing again at Ba Be National Park at the time of the tour we may have the time to make a visit to the area and try our luck.)

Vietnam: Day 22  After some final birding at Tam Dao there will be a transfer to Hanoi airport where the main tour ends this afternoon.



Fansipan: Day 1  After the final birding at Tam Dao we will drive on the expressway to the Fansipan region in northwestern Vietnam for a three nights stay.

Fansipan: Days 2-3  The mighty Fansipan Mountain is sometimes called the ‘Roof of Indochina’ as it is the highest peak in Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia combined at 3143 metres (10,312ft). Here we will have another opportunity to find Pale-throated Wren-Babbler, which is confined to bamboo undergrowth in the lower parts of the mountain and is generally rather scarce, but nonetheless quite findable. The species is only found in Northwest Vietnam and adjacent Southern China.

We will also come across such species such as Great Barbet, Yellow-cheeked and Yellow-browed Tit, Scaly-breasted Wren-Babbler, Grey-bellied Tesia, Ashy-throated, Davison’s Leaf and Blyth’s Leaf Warblers, Rufous-winged and Rusty-capped Fulvettas, Bar-throated Minla, Stripe-throated and White-collared Yuhinas, Vinous-throated and Ashy-throated Parrotbills, Snowy-browed and Brown-breasted Flycatchers, Small Niltava and and Black-headed Greenfinch.

If we are lucky we could come across one or two of the more scarce birds like Golden Parrotbill or Silver-eared Laughingthrush.

In more open habitats at lower altitudes, we should see Collared Finchbill, Little Forktail, Plumbeous Water Redstart and White-capped Redstart.

Time and weather conditions permitting, we also plan to climb effortlessly to the top of Fansipan Mountain by cable car. This relatively new cable car has been awarded Guinness certification for being the world’s longest three-wire cable car (6292m long) and also having the biggest altitudinal difference between the starting and the ending point (1410m).

In the summit area of the mountain, we may well see Chestnut-headed Tesia, Black-faced Warbler, Whiskered Yuhina, the near-endemic fooksi form of the Scaly Laughingthrush, Black-faced and Red-winged Laughingthrushes, the endemic valentinae form of the White-browed Fulvetta (a potential split as Tonkin Fulvetta), White-browed Bush Robin and, if we are lucky, Slender-billed Scimitar Babbler and Bar-winged Wren-Babbler.

Fansipan: Day 4  After a final morning in the northwest we will have the chance to wash and change at our hotel before we drive to Hanoi airport, where our tour ends in the afternoon.


by Dáni Balla

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by Craig Robson

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Other mainland Southeast Asia birding tours by Birdquest include: