The Ultimate In Birding Tours

Europe (and its islands)

FINLAND & ARCTIC NORWAY – Birding in the Land of the Midnight Sun

Friday 23rd May – Thursday 5th June 2025

Leader: Hannu Jännes

14 Days Group Size Limit 7


Birdquest’s Finland & Arctic Norway birding tours, which include famous Varangerfjord, are a classic European birding experience. Our Finland & Arctic Norway birding tour is the perfect way to see the many wonderful specialities of this beautiful part of the world, which include three real mega-lifers, Siberian Jay, Siberian Tit (or Grey-headed Chickadee) and Parrot Crossbill, as well as Yellow-billed Loon, King and Steller’s Eiders, Gyrfalcon, Western Capercaillie, Black and Hazel Grouse, Jack Snipe, Thick-billed Murre (or Brünnich’s Guillemot), Pine Grosbeak and Arctic (or Hoary) Redpoll. For every visitor, a major highlight is the wonderful, charismatic suite of owls: Great Grey, Ural, Boreal (or Tengmalm’s) and Eurasian Pygmy Owls, Eurasian Eagle-Owl and Northern Hawk-Owl. There is even the chance to watch Brown Bears. This far northern part of Europe definitely ranks as one of the continent’s classic birding destinations. What more could one ask!?

As many of the most sought-after species are very localized, or thinly spread, both sufficient time and local expertise is essential if one wants to see the more difficult species. The high cost of living makes a comprehensive tour to Finland and Arctic Norway relatively expensive, but this is more than outweighed by the experience of seeing some of Europe’s most exciting birds amidst the wide-open spaces of the ‘Land of the Midnight Sun’.

Our Finland & Arctic Norway birding tour is very carefully timed so that we will be visiting Finland and Arctic Norway early enough to avoid the plagues of mosquitoes that make life difficult later in the year while being at the optimum time for birding.

Lapland, the only easily accessible Arctic region on the mainland of Europe, is one of those magic places which every birdwatcher should visit. Here the sun never sets for months on end, fuelling the spectacular, but all too brief explosion of life that makes the Arctic summer so special. A wilderness for man, the vast forests, bogs, fells, tundras and wild coasts of the far north are home to countless birds which here seem to lose their fear of humans.

Our Finland & Arctic Norway birding tour starts at the city of Helsinki, but we shall immediately begin our journey through northernmost Europe by heading for the Finnish lake district in the south-central part of the country. Here we should find a fantastic suite of owls, including the magnificent Great Grey Owl, Ural Owl, Eurasian Eagle-Owl, Boreal (or Tengmalm’s) Owl and Eurasian Pygmy Owl.

Heading further north, we will pause at Oulu, visiting the forests and marshes at the head of the Gulf of Bothnia where we have another chance for owls if we missed any further south.

Next we explore the marvellous Kuusamo region, situated near the Russian border at the southern edge of Finnish Lapland, where we shall be wanting to encounter the huge Western Capercaillie, Black and Hazel Grouse, Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker, the lovely Red-flanked Bluetail, Greenish Warbler, Grey-headed Chickadee (or Siberian Tit), Siberian Jay, Pine Grosbeak, Parrot Crossbill (endemic to the ‘Western Palearctic’) and Rustic and Little Buntings. There is also the possibility to watch Brown Bears one evening.

During the last part of our journey, we shall explore northernmost Finnish Lapland and the Arctic region of far northern Norway, and in particular the famous Varangerfjord.

From the Kuusamo region we travel northwards through the forests and rugged fells of northern Finland, where we should see the fearless Northern Hawk-Owl, find some displaying Jack Snipes and Broad-billed Sandpipers, and visit some bird feeders where Pine Grosbeak is a regular visitor.

Eventually, we shall reach the Arctic Ocean at Varangerfjord and Båtsfjord in northernmost Norway, spending some time exploring this scenically superb, bird-rich region before we have to drag ourselves away from the Yellow-billed Loons (or White-billed Divers), King and Steller’s Eiders, White-tailed Eagles, Gyrfalcons, Long-tailed Jaegers (or Long-tailed Skuas), Thick-billed Murres (or Brünnich’s Guillemots) and Arctic (or Hoary) Redpolls.

A veritable feast of special birds awaits you in the ‘Land of the Midnight Sun’!

Birdquest has operated Finland & Arctic Norway birding tours since 1982.

Important: The Birdquest group size limit of 7 plus leader is much smaller than most Finland birding tours (some of which have limits of 14 plus leaders!), making for a far superior experience. A lot of birding on this tour is in forest areas.

Accommodation & Road Transport: The hotels are of good standard throughout. Road transport is by minibus. Roads are mostly good.

Walking: The walking effort during our Finland & Arctic Norway birding tour is mostly fairly easy, but there are also one or two fairly long walks, and walks are sometimes over uneven terrain. The long daylight hours tend to result in long days in the field.

Climate: Rather variable. Temperatures range from cool to warm in southern and central Finland but are generally cool to cold in far northern Finland and at Varangerfjord. Sunny periods alternate with rainy, overcast weather (and it may even snow at higher altitudes in the north).

Bird Photography: Opportunities during our Finland & Arctic Norway birding tour are good.


  • Admiring a cute Tengmalm's (or Boreal) Owl and an impressive Ural Owl as they peer down at you
  • Seeking out that fierce-eyed elf of the dark coniferous foresat, the tiny Eurasian Pygmy Owl
  • Going to sleep with Thrush Nightingales singing in the background
  • Watching the huge, saturnine Great Grey Owl as it watches you
  • Realising how 'empty' Finland is; endless, glorious, wild forests and lakes, but few humans
  • Tracking down Hazel Grouse, Black Grouse and Western Capercaillie
  • The strange, eerie calls of Red-throated and Black-throated Loons emanating from the lakes
  • Finding a Red-flanked Bluetail in the Western Palearctic
  • Watching Siberian Tit (or Grey-headed Chickadee), Siberian Jay and Parrot Crossbill, the major specialities of the Kuusamo region
  • The thrill as a Brown Bear walks up to our hide deep inside a Finnish forest
  • Listening to and watching a Jack Snipe displaying over a bog in the soft evening light
  • The shorebird wonders of the Far North, including fighting Ruffs, calling Wood Sandpipers, Whimbrels and Spotted Redshanks, and twirling Red-necked Phalaropes
  • Flocks of King and Steller's Eiders bobbing up and down on the waters of the great Varangerfjord
  • Tracking down Yellow-billed Loons and hoping for a lucky break with Snowy Owl!
  • Snow down almost to sea-level in June!
  • The masses of Thick-billed and Common Murres (Brünnich's and Common Guillemots) on Hornøya, not to mention those adorable Atlantic Puffins
  • A stern Gyrfalcon watching its vast domain
  • Getting to grips with Pine Grosbeak, Arctic (or Hoary) Redpoll and Northern Hawk-Owl
  • Birding in the sunshine at midnight (well, once anyway, just for the hell of it)! This truly is 'The Land of the Midnight Sun'


  • Day 1: Morning tour start at Helsinki airport. Drive to Hämeenlinna area.
  • Day 2: Hämeenlinna area.
  • Day 3: Hämeenlinna area, then drive to Oulu.
  • Day 4: Oulu area, then drive to Kuusamo.
  • Days 5-6: Kuusamo region.
  • Day 7: Drive to Ivalo.
  • Day 8: Ivalo/Lake Inari area.
  • Day 9: Drive into Norway and continue to Vardö on Varangerfjord.
  • Days 10-11: Exploring Varangerfjord. Overnights at Vardö.
  • Day 12: Drive to Båtsfjord.
  • Day 13: Drive to Ivalo.
  • Day 14: Ivalo area, then to Ivalo airport for afternoon tour end.

To see a larger map, click on the square-like ‘enlarge’ icon in the upper right of the map box.

To see (or hide) the ‘map legend’, click on the icon with an arrow in the upper left of the map box.

To change to a satellite view, which is great for seeing the physical terrain (and for seeing really fine details by repetitive use of the + button), click on the square ‘map view’ icon in the lower left corner of the ‘map legend’.


Birdquest Inclusions: Our tour prices include surface transportation, accommodations, meals and entrance fees.

We also include all tipping for accommodation/restaurant staff.

Deposit: 20% of the total tour price. Our office will let you know what deposit amount is due, in order to confirm your booking, following receipt of your online booking form.

TO BOOK THIS TOUR: Click here (you will need the tour dates)


2025: confirmed £4610, $5920, €5390, AUD8940. Helsinki/Ivalo.

Single Supplement: 2025: £460, $590, €540, AUD890.

The single supplement will not apply if you indicate on booking that you prefer to share a room and there is a room-mate of the same sex available.

This tour is priced in Euros. Amounts shown in other currencies are indicative.

Air Travel To & From The Tour: Our in-house IATA ticket agency will be pleased to arrange your air travel on request, or you may arrange this yourself if you prefer.


Finland & Arctic Norway: Day 1  Our tour starts this morning at Helsinki airport, from where we will head northwest to the Hämeenlinna area, situated in the south of the vast Finnish lake district, for a two nights stay. We will arrive in time for some initial exploration.

Finland & Arctic Norway: Day 2  For every visitor to Finland it is, of course, those northern forest owls that most excite, and we shall start off our journey with a bang as, thanks to our superb local contacts, we have excellent chances of having wonderful views of breeding Eurasian Eagle-Owl, Ural Owl, Boreal (or Tengmalm’s) Owl and the delightful but fierce little Eurasian Pygmy Owl during our stay in this fine area. This region of Finland is one of the best in the country for the magnificent Great Grey Owl, which we also have an excellent chance of seeing. The sight of this saturnine owl staring down at one like a huge cat from its perch deep in the forest is a sight one never forgets!

This is also a good area for Red-necked Grebe, the unobtrusive Hazel Grouse, Eurasian Woodcock, the nominate form of the Lesser Black-backed Gull, the impressive Black Woodpecker, Grey-headed Woodpecker, Thrush Nightingale, Blyth’s Reed Warbler and Crested Tit. With a bit of luck, we will also encounter the rare White-backed Woodpecker and Spotted Nutcracker.

Other species that we are likely to come across during our visit include Great Crested Grebe, Mute and Whooper Swans, Eurasian Wigeon, Mallard, Common Goldeneye, European Honey Buzzard, Common (or Ring-necked) Pheasant, Eurasian Coot, Northern Lapwing, Common Snipe, Eurasian Curlew, Black-headed, Common and Herring Gulls, Common and Arctic Terns, Common Wood Pigeon, Common Swift, Great Spotted and Lesser Spotted Woodpeckers, Barn Swallow, Common House Martin, Tree Pipit, White Wagtail, Eurasian Wren, Dunnock, Whinchat, Fieldfare, Redwing, Icterine Warbler, Lesser Whitethroat, Blackcap, Wood and Willow Warblers, Common Chiffchaff, European Pied Flycatcher, Blue and Great Tits, Eurasian Treecreeper, Red-backed Shrike, Eurasian Jay, Eurasian Magpie, Western Jackdaw, Hooded Crow, Common Chaffinch, European Greenfinch and Yellowhammer.

Finland & Arctic Norway: Day 3  After some more birding in the Hämeenlinna area we will travel northwards to Oulu, a city situated near the head of the Gulf of Bothnia and close to some interesting wetland and forest habitats.

Oulu is another good area for owls, particularly Great Grey Owl, so we will have a second chance in this region if any of the key species proved troublesome further south.

Here are some of the best coastal marshes in Finland and such species as Greylag Goose, Western Marsh Harrier, Black-tailed Godwit, the extraordinary Ruff and Caspian Tern breed in the area, while non-breeding Common Cranes spend an easy summer amongst these rich feeding grounds and Rooks reach their northernmost limits in Eurasia. Ortolan Buntings breed here at the northern edge of their range, while more widespread species include Eurasian Teal, Northern Pintail, Northern Shoveler, Common Pochard, Tufted Duck, Red-breasted Merganser, Common Merganser (or Goosander), Common Cuckoo, Eurasian Skylark, Sand Martin (or Bank Swallow), Northern Wheatear, Common Blackbird, Sedge Warbler, Common Whitethroat and Eurasian Siskin.

Finland & Arctic Norway: Day 4  After some final birding in the Oulu area we will head northeastwards to Kuusamo, at the southern edge of Finnish Lapland, for a three nights stay. We should arrive in time for some initial exploration.

Finland & Arctic Norway: Days 5-6  The country around Kuusamo and in the nearby Oulanka National Park consists of rugged uplands covered in vast coniferous and mixed forests, dotted with numerous lakes and bogs. In places the rivers have cut deep valleys, further adding to the attractiveness of the scenery.

The prime attractions here are three much-wanted species: Siberian Tit (or Grey-headed Chickadee), Siberian Jay and the semi-nomadic Parrot Crossbill (a ‘Western Palearctic’ endemic), all of which we should find.

The many other specialities of the Kuusamo region include Black-throated (or Arctic) Loon, Taiga Bean Goose, the handsome Smew, the huge Western Capercaillie, the striking Black Grouse, Willow Ptarmigan, Hazel Grouse, Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker, the attractive but unobtrusive Pine Grosbeak, Rustic Bunting and Little Bunting (a species right at the western limits of its range).

At this time of year we should also find Red-flanked Bluetail in the Kuusamo area, although the species is yet another that is right on the edge of its range in Finland and so numbers vary greatly from one year to the next, and also Greenish Warbler, which gives its jangling song from the tops of tall spruces.

We will also have an opportunity to look for the superb Northern Hawk-Owl, a species often first spotted perching on the top of a tall spruce quietly surveying its domain, although the chances for this species are higher further north.

Other species of particular interest include the lovely Bohemian Waxwing, the noisy Brambling (now in its summer finery and a much more colourful bird than in mid-winter) and Common Rosefinch.

At this season the higher lakes and bogs of northern Finland may still be frozen, forcing ducks and waders (shorebirds) to linger at lower levels. Those bogs that have already thawed are enlivened by the sights and sounds of waders setting up their territories before the onset of the all too short Arctic summer. Likely species include Whimbrel, Common Snipe, the beautiful Spotted Redshank (in its dark breeding dress), Common Greenshank and Wood, Green and Common Sandpipers.

More widespread species include Golden Eagle, Western Osprey, Common Kestrel, Merlin, Little Gull, Grey-headed Wagtail, European Robin, Common Redstart, Song and Mistle Thrushes, Goldcrest, Spotted Flycatcher, Willow Tit, Northern (or Common) Raven, Eurasian Siskin, Common Redpoll, Red (or Common) Crossbill, Eurasian Bullfinch and Common Reed Bunting.

On one evening there will be an optional opportunity (at an extra charge) to watch Brown Bears from a hide (blind) in the forest. There is a high chance of seeing one or more bears, but of course, nature is never entirely predictable.

Finland & Arctic Norway: Day 7  Today we will travel northwards across the classic ‘forest and bog’ country of northern Finland to the town of Ivalo, situated far to the north of the Arctic Circle, for a two nights stay. As we travel towards this remote region of Finland we will feel as if we have gone backwards in time, for here the spring is just beginning – the buds are just starting to open and snow still lies on the hills. We shall stop for some birding en route, to break up the long journey.

Finland & Arctic Norway: Day 8  Not far from Ivalo is Lake Inari, the largest lake in Lapland. Inari’s countless wooded islands have the effect of turning one vast lake into many smaller ones, making its scenery endlessly varied. We are now close to the northern limits of the forest and the rather open pine and birch woods give way to rolling expanses of moorland punctuated by high, snow-spattered fells.

Here in the ‘forest-tundra’ zone, we should see Rough-legged Buzzard, Jack Snipe, Broad-billed Sandpiper (and many other Arctic shorebirds), Short-eared Owl and the dazzling Bluethroat. The Ivalo region is also very good for Northern Hawk-Owl, Siberian Jay, Siberian Tit (or Grey-headed Chickadee) and Little Bunting.

Finland & Arctic Norway: Day 9  From Ivalo we head north to the Norwegian border, where we follow the great Tana River for a short distance and then cross into Norway itself before reaching the waters of the Arctic Ocean at the head of Varangerfjord. There will be much to see as we make our way eastwards along the northern shoreline, so it will be difficult to drag ourselves away from such ornithological riches and continue to Vardö at the eastern end of the fjord for a three nights stay.

Finland & Arctic Norway: Days 10-11  Varangerfjord lies at over 70 degrees north and is a truly Arctic region, only slightly affected by the warming influence of the Gulf Stream. Here in the ‘Land of the Midnight Sun’, where the sun does not set for months at a time in spring and summer, we may be enjoying warm sunshine on one day at the head of the fjord and seeking shelter from a biting cold wind off the Barent’s Sea at Hamningberg the next, so great is the climatic contrast as one moves from southwest to northeast along the northern coastline of the fjord.

This is a place of shallow bays, small villages of brightly painted wooden houses, occasional tiny fields, intertidal mudflats, birch and willow scrub, high fells and snow banks, small islands, bogs and dramatic, jagged sea cliffs.

Birding in this beautiful area is definitely some of the most exciting in Europe! Wildfowl are numerous and we should find such species as Common Shelduck, Greater Scaup, Common Eider, Long-tailed Duck, Common and Velvet Scoters, and large flocks of smart Common Mergansers (or Goosanders). Best of all are the groups of attractive King Eiders and Steller’s Eiders that can usually be found along the shallow but rocky sections of the coast. (However, both eiders have become less common in recent times and occasionally they leave Varangerfjord as early as mid-May, perhaps owing to global warming.)

Loons (or divers) are common and, in addition to the many Red-throated and Black-throated (or Arctic) Loons, a few Yellow-billed (or White-billed) Loons and sometimes the occasional Common (or Great Northern) Loon summer in the area.

The chance to see waders (shorebirds) in their full breeding plumage is one of the joys of Arctic birding. Temminck’s Stints hover and trill from the roadsides, Red-necked Phalaropes gather in flocks on the small pools, pirouetting in their constant quest for tiny aquatic insects, and Ruffs of many different colours dance at their leks in the meadows, whilst along the shoreline, or around marshy pools are Eurasian Oystercatchers, Common Ringed Plovers, Red Knots, Sanderlings, Dunlins, Little Stints, Purple Sandpipers, Bar-tailed Godwits, Common Redshanks and gaudy Ruddy Turnstones.

Parasitic Jaegers (or Arctic Skuas) and sometimes Pomarine Jaegers (or Pomarine Skuas), harry the Black-legged Kittiwakes and Arctic Terns offshore, while Northern Fulmars, Northern Gannets, Great Cormorants, European Shags and lines of auks (or alcids) pass by the headlands. Many Great Black-backed and a few Glaucous Gulls can be found around the harbours.

A boat trip across to the small island of Hornøya off Vardö will provide a wonderful opportunity to see its spectacular seabird colony close up. Amongst the Common Murres (or Common Guillemots) and Black Guillemots, Razorbills and Atlantic Puffins are many Thick-billed Murres (or Brünnich’s Guillemots), which are right on the southern fringe of their range here at Varangerfjord.

The enormous bulk of the White-tailed Eagle is also a regular sight along these coasts, especially in the wild, ‘edge of the world’ landscape near Hamningberg, whilst inland the moors hold immaculate European Golden Plovers and delicate Long-tailed Jaegers (or Long-tailed Skuas). Passerines are distinctly thin on the ground but include Meadow, Red-throated and Rock Pipits, Arctic (or Hoary) Redpoll, Lapland Longspur (or Lapland Bunting) and Snow Bunting. We have even seen Snowy Owl in the Varanger region on rare occasions, but the occurrence of this scarce and nomadic species is very unpredictable.

Finland & Arctic Norway: Day 12  Today we will visit some high fells and the edge of a deep fjord as we travel still further north to Båtsfjord for an overnight stay. We will be searching for the beautiful Eurasian Dotterel, Rock Ptarmigan, Horned (or Shore) Lark and Ring Ouzel. We also have another chance for Snowy Owl, albeit slim. There is also a good chance for the magnificent but declining Gyrfalcon in this region.

Finland & Arctic Norway: Day 13  We will return to Ivalo for an overnight stay, stopping for more birding along the way.

Finland & Arctic Norway: Day 14  After some final birding, our tour ends this afternoon at Ivalo airport.


by Hannu Jännes

View Report


View Report


View Report


View Report

Other northern Europe birding tours by Birdquest include: