23 May - 5 June 2023

by Hannu Jännes

Another successful Birdquest tour of Finland and northern Norway produced not only the great majority of target birds, but they were seen against the stunning backdrop of the “Land of the Midnight Sun” with its seemingly endless boreal forests, countless lakes, wet bogs, mighty rivers and partly snow-covered fells. Added to this was the opportunity to explore the rugged coast of the Arctic Ocean with their teeming birdlife. As always owls were high on everyone’s wish list, and yet again we succeeded in obtaining really good views of all the target species with an impressive female Great Grey Owl at the nest, a splendid Ural Owl, a close encounter with a pair of the diminutive Eurasian Pygmy Owls, a cute Boreal (Tengmalm’s) Owl and, thanks to the abundance of rodents in the north, four separate nesting Northern Hawk-Owls and lots of Short-eared Owls. Gamebirds proved co-operative too and we had great views of several Western Capercaillies, including a rogue male, which was voted as the bird of the trip, a great encounter with displaying Black Grouse, a co-operative Hazel Grouse and exceptionally good numbers of Willow and Rock Ptarmigans. Other species worthy of mention were a splendid “singing” Corncrake that showed exceptionally well, great views of Yellow-billed Loon in Norway, all seven of the breeding species of woodpecker, including White-backed, Black, Grey-headed and Three-toed Woodpeckers and Wryneck. It was great to see, after many blank years, small flocks of Steller’s Eiders in the Varanger, a pair of Gyrfalcon, stunning Eurasian Dotterels, Broad-billed Sandpiper and Jack Snipe in song flight, the elusive Pine Grosbeaks, a singing adult male Red-flanked Bluetail, Siberian Jay, Grey-headed Chickadee (aka Siberian Tit), and Little, Rustic, Lapland, Ortolan and Snow Buntings. There was a memorable visit to the bird island of Hornöya in Norway, which, with its myriads of breeding seabirds, is a remarkable experience. Rarities included Collared Flycatcher (breeding with a female Pied Flycatcher) in the south and Pectoral Sandpiper in the north. A prominent feature of this tour are the large areas of wilderness with very few people around and consequently excellent possibilities to enjoy nature without too much anthropogenic disturbance.

Our tour began at the Helsinki-Vantaa airport from where we headed straight to our accommodation in Hauho. Before checking in to the pleasant farmhouse style accommodation, we visited a nest of the White-backed Woodpecker and had great views of the parents and at least one large chick peeking out from the nest hole. White-backed Woodpecker is a rare bird in Finland with currently maybe 120-180 breeding pairs annually. This is an increase since the late 1980’s, when the population size was estimated to be only 20-30 pairs. The increase is due to measures to protect suitable habitats, but also to irruptive birds from Russia, which boost the Finnish population from time to time. It is a species, which breeds very early in the year, and we often miss it entirely on this tour. After check-in and a good dinner, we visited a site for breeding Tawny Owl. Unfortunately, the bird proved very skittish and gave only brief views.

The next day, our only full one in the south of Finland, was very busy as we needed to try and see as many of the southern species as possible in the day. The morning started at an army training ground where we soon located our main target for the morning, a group of 24 lekking male Black Grouse (a big lek by South Finland standards). The birds were shy at first, but eventually became accustomed to our presence and provided great views of their display with jumps and all. Another good bird inhabiting this area is Wood Lark, which eventually showed very well. Not really a rarity in the southern half of Finland, but rarely seen on this tour because we just don’t have enough time to visit suitable habitat. Next was singing Great Reed Warbler, Thrush Nightingale and Common Rosefinch, and then, after a good breakfast, it was time to connect with the strange Wryneck, a singing Icterine Warbler and, nearby, a Blyth’s Reed Warbler, before a co-operative River Warbler and a totally mad Corncrake that showed extremely well. A forest area held breeding Grey-headed Woodpecker and a pair of showy Crested Tits feeding their chicks. Nearby we visited Black Woodpecker nest with an adult male and two large chicks. Then a quick visit to the Helsinki area, where our main target was breeding Lesser Spotted Woodpecker, which showed well. Back in Hauho we enjoyed another good dinner and visited the world’s most beautiful female Ural Owl guarding a nest box with three chicks.

The new day saw us at an Eurasian Pygmy Owl nest, where a fiery-eyed female was sitting on eggs and a male was staring at us from a spruce top giving us good scope views. After breakfast and loading the vehicle, we visited the nest hole of an adult male Collared Flycatcher (a rarity in Finland) that played hard to get in the rainy weather but eventually provided us with decent views. It was later confirmed that this vagrant male was breeding with a female Pied Flycatcher and produced at least two young birds, which fledged in July. This is one of the very few confirmed records of Collared Flycatcher breeding in Finland. Time then to commence the long journey north to Oulu, where we arrived just in time for dinner.

In the Oulu area our first task was to locate Ortolan Bunting, a bird in serious decline in Finland. After a search we managed to achieve our goal and had good views of several males despite the rather cold and windy morning. Then it was time for a short visit to Liminka Bay for wetland species including Black-tailed Godwit, which breeds here, a couple of White-tailed Eagles and good numbers of commoner species of ducks, waders and gulls. We then headed 130 kms north to meet with a local guide Matti, who had important target species lined up for us. The very first bird was a cute female Boreal (Tengmalm’s) Owl showing extremely well outside its nest box. Next was a pair of Northern Hawk-Owls guarding territory and giving good views. Last target species of the day was an amazing female Great Grey Owl breeding on an artificial nest platform erected by Matti. After the action-packed day, with three species of owl, it was time to head for Kuusamo for three-night’s stay.

The first morning in Kuusamo was spent in finding the much-needed Siberian Jay, which we located quite easily and had great views of a small group. Other brilliant birds found during the day included Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker, Grey-headed Chickadee (aka Siberian Tit), a Capercaillie nest with eight eggs, European Honey Buzzard, Rustic Bunting and Northern Hawk-Owl. In addition, Eurasian Stoat and Muskrat were additions to our mammal list.

The next day started very early with a morning gamebird drive starring a rogue male Capercaillie, which proved very entertaining and was later voted as the bird of the trip! We also spent fair amount of time searching for another important gamebird, the Hazel Grouse, and managed, in the end, to locate a splendid male after an extensive search. Another target bird, an adult male Red-flanked Bluetail, showed quite well, but the steep hillside terrain was too difficult for some participants who, as a consequence, unfortunately missed the bird. After midday the forecasted heavy rain started and we retreated to our comfortable accommodation via a pizzeria, where we enjoyed a sumptuous pizza lunch. The rest of the day was dedicated to rest & relaxation.

The rain continued unabated the next morning, and we had to cancel our pre-breakfast outing. Luckily the weather improved during breakfast, and we were soon admiring a pair of very active Little Buntings in full sunshine near downtown Kuusamo. Then we revisited the Red-flanked Bluetail some had missed the previous day and thankfully this time we were all able to enjoy good scope views of this eastern beauty. We then headed for Saariselkä for a two-night stay stopping on route on a fell, where we admired a pair of rather photogenic Eurasian Dotterels associating with a flock of colourful Golden Plovers.

Our full day in the Ivalo-Inari area, in sunny but rather cold weather, began with a visit to a bog near Karigasniemi, where we had a nice collection of birds including photogenic Long-tailed Jaeger (or skua), Temminck’s Stints, Red-necked Phalaropes, Common Ringed Plovers, Dunlins, Spotted Redshanks, lekking Ruffs, many European Golden Plovers, displaying Common Snipes and Wood Sandpipers, Bluethroats, two Rough-legged Buzzards and a Merlin. Later a stop at another bog revealed a fine male Willow Grouse and two displaying Broad-billed Sandpipers. After the morning in ‘wader country’ we hurried to Kaamanen and the café Neljän Tuulen Tupa, where we enjoyed a very tasty lunch (salmon soup and then mini pancakes for dessert) with many brilliant birds visiting the feeders just outside the windows of the café. Amongst the colourful Bramblings, in their splendid summer plumage, Greenfinches and Common Redpolls were six different Pine Grosbeaks (including an adult male). After dinner we visited another wetland complex near Ivalo, where a Jack Snipe was added to the long list of waders seen during the day, and we also had good views of a hunting Short-eared Owl.

Next morning, on the way to Norway, we detoured via lakes and promising looking forest habitats where we tried to find Bohemian Waxwings, but this time we had to admit defeat. Once in Norway, we drove without too many stops on route to a river mouth, where small numbers of wintering Steller’s Eiders were still lingering. We soon located nine of these highly priced arctic sea ducks and we also spotted a female King Eider. Steller’s Eiders winters in quite good numbers in northern Norway, but for the last 10-15 years the timing of their northward migration has shifted earlier and earlier and consequently they have been absent here for years during the time of our visits. Steller’s Eider in the bag, we now had time to relax a bit and spent couple of most enjoyable afternoon hours on the Ekkeröy peninsula, with its sandy beaches, admiring the many Purple Sandpipers, Dunlins, Sanderlings, Bar-tailed Godwits, Common Ringed Plovers, Ruddy Turnstones and Ruffs. On the way to our hotel, there was one more stop by fields, where Tundra Bean and Pink-footed Geese were grazing.

Our first, very windy, morning in Vardö started with a visit to a stake-out for Twite, which we failed to see, before making an excursion to the remote village of Hamningberg, which has a definite “end of the world” feel to it. The stormy wind blasted for the whole day and the choppy see made it difficult to find any of the Yellow-billed Loons, which are often found here, but we did have better luck on the passerine front and found Arctic Redpolls, Bluethroats, three Bohemian Waxwings, Red-throated Pipit, a tame Lapland Bunting and a Horned Lark. At Hamningberg the horizon was “full” of blowing whales, and we managed to identify Humpback, Common Minke and Fin Whales. Time was also spent admiring and photographing a group of lekking Ruffs in a sheltered road-side spot.

Next day a short pre-breakfast birding trip took us from the island of Vardö to the mainland, where we spent time admiring a very close, near adult, Yellow-billed Loon in a fishing harbour, and watching a Pectoral Sandpiper, a rare bird in Norway, feeding amongst seaweed. As the stormy wind had abated somewhat during the night, we took the boat to the famous bird island of Hornøy, where we had excellent views, and some great photo opportunities, of the breeding seabirds including Thick-billed and Common Murres, Razorbill, Atlantic Puffin, Eurasian Shag, Black-legged Kittiwake and Northern Fulmar. Other interesting birds here included a few Twites and Rock Pipits. In the late evening we still had the energy for an excursion to enjoy birding under the midnight sun.

The following day we drove from Vardö to Båtsfjord on the other side of the Varanger Peninsula. During the journey we made several birding stops along the fjord, which produced a total of thirteen Steller’s Eiders (including a fine adult male!), two Ring Ouzels, two Little Stints, a very photogenic pair of roadside Northern Hawk-Owls and a pair of Peregrine Falcons. On the high, partly snow-covered fells of the central peninsula, we were rewarded with a brilliant pair of Snow Buntings, several Horned Larks, unusually high numbers of Rock Ptarmigans with brilliant views and a couple of Willow Ptarmigans.

Our full day in the Båtsfjord area was split between the coastal strip from Kongsfjord to Berlevåg and the high fells of the Varanger Peninsula. The absolute highlight of the day was seeing a pair of Gyr Falcons in their breeding habitat. Firstly, we saw the pair in flight before later seeing the male of the same pair sitting below the nesting cliff guarding the nest. On the fells we again enjoyed the great birds of the harsh environment with great views of a pair of Eurasian Dotterel, lekking Ruffs, displaying Red-necked Phalaropes, a pair of Greater Scaups, 15 or so Rock Ptarmigans, Long-tailed Jaegers, breeding Red-throated Loons, several Horned Larks and three Ring Ouzels.

On our last, part rainy, day we drove from Norway to Ivalo in Finland birding on the way. The drive didn’t offer any great surprises, but we had some nice encounters with the species we had seen earlier on the trip including some Northern Hawk-Owl action and showy Pine Grosbeaks at our lunch place. Once at the Ivalo airport it was time to thank everybody for their good company during our adventure in the ‘Land of the Midnight Sun’ before the flight back to Helsinki.



1st: Western Capercaillie

2nd: Northern Hawk-Owl

3rd: Gyr Falcon

4th: Corncrake

5th: Steller’s Eider





Canada Goose (introduced)  Branta canadensis

Barnacle Goose  Branta leucopsis

Greylag Goose  Anser anser

Pink-footed Goose  Anser brachyrhynchus As a result of recent change of migration routes, this species is now regularly recorded in N Norway during the time of our visit.

Tundra Bean Goose  Anser serrirostris As a result of recent change of migration routes, this species too is now regularly recorded in N Norway during the time of our visit.

Mute Swan  Cygnus olor Four non-leader birds in the Liminka Bay area.

Whooper Swan  Cygnus cygnus

Common Shelduck  Tadorna tadorna One at Nesseby in Norway.

Garganey  Spatula querquedula Only recorded in the Liminka Bay area.

Northern Shoveler  Spatula clypeata

Gadwall  Mareca strepera One male in Kuusamo.

Eurasian Wigeon  Mareca penelope

Mallard  Anas platyrhynchos

Northern Pintail  Anas acuta

Eurasian Teal  Anas crecca

Tufted Duck  Aythya fuligula

Greater Scaup  Aythya marila Two pairs of this steadily declining arctic duck were observed in northern Norway.

Steller’s Eider ◊  Polysticta stelleri After a gap of many years it was great to encounter this beautiful arctic sea duck at Varangerfjord again, with 13 individuals including one gorgeous adult male.

King Eider ◊  Somateria spectabilis Rather scarce this year. First a single female and later a distant flock of around 20 birds including one adult male.

Common Eider  Somateria mollissima

Velvet Scoter  Melanitta fusca

Common Scoter  Melanitta nigra

Long-tailed Duck  Clangula hyemalis

Common Goldeneye  Bucephala clangula

Smew ◊  Mergellus albellus

Common Merganser (Goosander)  Mergus merganser

Red-breasted Merganser  Mergus serrator

Hazel Grouse ◊  Tetrastes bonasia After quite an extensive search we managed to locate a co-operative male. Good spot Mary!

Willow Ptarmigan (W Grouse)  Lagopus lagopus Rather common in the north this year.

Rock Ptarmigan  Lagopus muta Positively common in the fells of the Varanger peninsula this year.

Western Capercaillie ◊  Tetrao urogallus Great encounter with a rogue male and brilliant views of several females including one at nest.

Black Grouse ◊  Lyrurus tetrix Great encounter at a lek with 24 displaying males in the south and five roadside birds in the Kuusamo area.

Common Pheasant (introduced)  Phasianus colchicus

Common Swift  Apus apus

Common Cuckoo (Eurasian C)  Cuculus canorus

Rock Dove (introduced)  Columba livia

Common Wood Pigeon  Columba palumbus

Corn Crake ◊  Crex crex One brilliant individual near Lahti in the south.

Common Crane  Grus grus

Red-necked Grebe  Podiceps grisegena

Great Crested Grebe  Podiceps cristatus

Eurasian Oystercatcher  Haematopus ostralegus

Northern Lapwing  Vanellus vanellus

European Golden Plover  Pluvialis apricaria

Common Ringed Plover  Charadrius hiaticula

Little Ringed Plover  Charadrius dubius

Eurasian Dotterel ◊  Charadrius morinellus Three pairs, with some terrific views, in the north.

Eurasian Whimbrel  Numenius phaeopus

Eurasian Curlew  Numenius arquata

Bar-tailed Godwit  Limosa lapponica

Black-tailed Godwit  Limosa limosa

Ruddy Turnstone  Arenaria interpres

Ruff  Calidris pugnax

Broad-billed Sandpiper  Calidris falcinellus

Temminck’s Stint  Calidris temminckii

Sanderling  Calidris alba

Dunlin  Calidris alpina

Purple Sandpiper  Calidris maritima

Little Stint  Calidris minuta

Pectoral Sandpiper  Calidris melanotos One near Vardö. A rare bird in Norway and a first for this itinerary.

Eurasian Woodcock  Scolopax rusticola

Jack Snipe ◊  Lymnocryptes minimus A displaying bird came to check us out near Ivalo.

Common Snipe  Gallinago gallinago

Red-necked Phalarope  Phalaropus lobatus

Common Sandpiper  Actitis hypoleucos

Green Sandpiper  Tringa ochropus

Common Redshank  Tringa totanus

Wood Sandpiper  Tringa glareola

Spotted Redshank  Tringa erythropus

Common Greenshank  Tringa nebularia

Black-legged Kittiwake  Rissa tridactyla

Black-headed Gull  Chroicocephalus ridibundus

Little Gull  Hydrocoloeus minutus

Common Gull  Larus canus

Great Black-backed Gull  Larus marinus

Glaucous Gull  Larus hyperboreus Two first-summer birds in Norway.

European Herring Gull ◊  Larus argentatus

Lesser Black-backed Gull (Baltic G)  Larus [fuscus] fuscus A few in the south.

Lesser Black-backed Gull (Heuglin’s G)  Larus [fuscus] heuglini A single bird in the north of Finland.

Common Tern  Sterna hirundo

Arctic Tern  Sterna paradisaea

Parasitic Jaeger (Arctic Skua)  Stercorarius parasiticus

Long-tailed Jaeger (L-t Skua)  Stercorarius longicaudus A total of 12 birds were noted. A good showing.

Thick-billed Murre ◊  Uria lomvia

Common Murre (C Guillemot)  Uria aalge

Razorbill ◊  Alca torda

Black Guillemot ◊  Cepphus grylle

Atlantic Puffin ◊  Fratercula arctica

Red-throated Loon (R-t Diver)  Gavia stellata

Black-throated Loon (B-t Diver, Arctic L)  Gavia arctica

Common Loon** (Great Northern Diver)  Gavia immer One first-summer bird at Ekkeröy in Norway.

Yellow-billed Loon ◊ (White-billed Diver)  Gavia adamsii Great views of an adult or near adult bird in the harbour at Svartnes in Norway.

Northern Fulmar  Fulmarus glacialis Two nesting birds on the bird island in Hornöya plus small numbers of distant birds at sea.

Northern Gannet  Morus bassanus

Great Cormorant  Phalacrocorax carbo

European Shag  Gulosus aristotelis

Eurasian Bittern  Botaurus stellaris heard only.

Grey Heron  Ardea cinerea

Osprey  Pandion haliaetus

European Honey Buzzard  Pernis apivorus

Eurasian Sparrowhawk  Accipiter nisus

Western Marsh Harrier  Circus aeruginosus

Hen Harrier  Circus cyaneus

White-tailed Eagle  Haliaeetus albicilla Amazingly common in northern Norway with an estimated 30 birds on the best day.

Rough-legged Buzzard (R-l Hawk)  Buteo lagopus Good showing in the north.

Boreal Owl (Tengmalm’s O) ◊  Aegolius funereus Great encounter with an adult bird in Tornio.

Northern Hawk-Owl ◊  Surnia ulula Thanks to an abundance of voles in the north, this quality owl was easy to see this year. We had four encounters including two self-found pairs.

Eurasian Pygmy Owl ◊  Glaucidium passerinum Brilliant pair at nest in Hauho.

Short-eared Owl  Asio flammeus Rather common in the north.

Tawny Owl  Strix aluco One in Hauho.

Ural Owl  Strix uralensis One showy female in Hauho.

Great Grey Owl ◊  Strix nebulosa A beautiful female at nest in Tornio.

Eurasian Wryneck  Jynx torquilla Two near Lahti.

Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker  Picoides tridactylus One was seen well and another one was heard in Kuusamo.

Lesser Spotted Woodpecker  Dryobates minor

Great Spotted Woodpecker  Dendrocopos major

White-backed Woodpecker  Dendrocopos leucotos

Black Woodpecker  Dryocopus martius

Grey-headed Woodpecker  Picus canus

Common Kestrel  Falco tinnunculus

Merlin  Falco columbarius

Gyrfalcon ◊  Falco rusticolus A pair in Norway.

Peregrine Falcon (Peregrine)  Falco peregrinus Four birds were noted.

Red-backed Shrike  Lanius collurio

Great Grey Shrike  Lanius excubitor One for the leader only in the north.

Siberian Jay ◊  Perisoreus infaustus Nice encounters at Valtavaara in Kuusamo.

Eurasian Jay  Garrulus glandarius

Eurasian Magpie  Pica pica

Western Jackdaw  Coloeus monedula

Rook  Corvus frugilegus

Hooded Crow  Corvus cornix

Northern Raven  Corvus corax

Bohemian Waxwing ◊  Bombycilla garrulus Only seen at Varangerfjord.

Coal Tit  Periparus ater

Crested Tit  Lophophanes cristatus

Grey-headed Chickadee ◊ (Siberian Tit)  Poecile cinctus Great views of one in Kuusamo.

Willow Tit  Poecile montanus

Eurasian Blue Tit  Cyanistes caeruleus

Great Tit  Parus major

Woodlark  Lullula arborea

Eurasian Skylark  Alauda arvensis

Horned Lark (Shore L)  Eremophila alpestris

Sand Martin (Bank Swallow)  Riparia riparia

Barn Swallow  Hirundo rustica

Common House Martin  Delichon urbicum

Wood Warbler  Phylloscopus sibilatrix

Willow Warbler  Phylloscopus trochilus

Common Chiffchaff  Phylloscopus collybita heard only

Great Reed Warbler  Acrocephalus arundinaceus One singing bird near Lahti in the south.

Sedge Warbler  Acrocephalus schoenobaenus

Blyth’s Reed Warbler  Acrocephalus dumetorum Three birds with excellent views in the south.

Icterine Warbler  Hippolais icterina

River Warbler ◊  Locustella fluviatilis Great views of a singing bird near Lahti.

Common Grasshopper Warbler  Locustella naevia

Eurasian Blackcap  Sylvia atricapilla

Garden Warbler  Sylvia borin

Lesser Whitethroat  Curruca curruca

Common Whitethroat  Curruca communis

Goldcrest  Regulus regulus

Eurasian Wren  Troglodytes troglodytes

Eurasian Treecreeper (Common T)  Certhia familiaris

Common Starling  Sturnus vulgaris

Song Thrush  Turdus philomelos

Mistle Thrush  Turdus viscivorus

Redwing  Turdus iliacus

Common Blackbird (Eurasian B)  Turdus merula

Fieldfare  Turdus pilaris

Ring Ouzel  Turdus torquatus

Spotted Flycatcher  Muscicapa striata

European Robin  Erithacus rubecula

Bluethroat  Luscinia svecica

Thrush Nightingale  Luscinia luscinia

Red-flanked Bluetail (Orange-f Bush Robin)  Tarsiger cyanurus One adult male in Kuusamo.

European Pied Flycatcher  Ficedula hypoleuca

Collared Flycatcher ◊  Ficedula albicollis Adult male in the south was a great bonus bird.

Common Redstart  Phoenicurus phoenicurus

Whinchat  Saxicola rubetra

Northern Wheatear  Oenanthe oenanthe

White-throated Dipper  Cinclus cinclus heard only

Eurasian Tree Sparrow  Passer montanus

House Sparrow  Passer domesticus

Dunnock (Hedge Accentor)  Prunella modularis

Western Yellow Wagtail (Grey-headed W)  Motacilla [flava] thunbergi

White Wagtail  Motacilla [alba] alba

Meadow Pipit  Anthus pratensis

Tree Pipit  Anthus trivialis

Red-throated Pipit  Anthus cervinus

European Rock Pipit  Anthus petrosus

Common Chaffinch  Fringilla coelebs

Brambling  Fringilla montifringilla

Pine Grosbeak ◊  Pinicola enucleator Great views at the traditional café feeder site in Kaamanen.

Eurasian Bullfinch  Pyrrhula pyrrhula

Common Rosefinch (Scarlet R)  Carpodacus erythrinus

European Greenfinch  Chloris chloris

Twite  Linaria flavirostris

Common Linnet  Linaria cannabina

Common Redpoll  Acanthis flammea

Arctic Redpoll ◊ (Coue’s A R)  Acanthis [hornemanni] exilipes

Red Crossbill (Common C)  Loxia curvirostra

European Goldfinch  Carduelis carduelis

Eurasian Siskin  Spinus spinus

Lapland Longspur (L Bunting)  Calcarius lapponicus

Snow Bunting  Plectrophenax nivalis

Yellowhammer  Emberiza citrinella

Ortolan Bunting  Emberiza hortulana

Little Bunting  Emberiza pusilla

Rustic Bunting  Emberiza rustica

Common Reed Bunting  Emberiza schoeniclus



Red Fox  Vulpes vulpes

Grey Seal  Halichoerus grypus

Common Seal (Harbour S)  Phoca vitulina

Eurasian Otter  Lutra lutra

Eurasian Stoat  Mustela erminea

Elk (Moose)  Alces alces

European Roe Deer  Capreolus capreolus

Reindeer (Caribou)  Rangifer tarandus

Common Minke Whale (Northern M W)  Balaenoptera acutorostrata

Fin Whale  Balaenoptera physalus

Humpback Whale  Megaptera novaeangliae

White-beaked Dolphin Lagenorhynchus albirostris

Harbor Porpoise (Common P)  Phocoena phocoena

European Hare (introduced)  Lepus europaeus

Mountain Hare (Arctic H)  Lepus timidus

Eurasian Red Squirrel (Red S)  Sciurus vulgaris

Root Vole (Tundra V)  Alexandromys oeconomus

Grey Red-backed Vole (Grey-sided V)  Craseomys rufocanus

Norway Lemming  Lemmus lemmus

Muskrat (introduced)  Ondatra zibethicus