The Ultimate In Birding Tours


BEST OF WEST PAPUA, INDONESIA – Birding in Unknown New Guinea

Tuesday 16th August – Tuesday 30th August 2022

Leaders: Mark Van Beirs and skilled local bird guides

15 Days Group Size Limit 6
Wednesday 16th August – Wednesday 30th August 2023

Leaders: Julien Mazenauer and skilled local bird guides

15 Days Group Size Limit 6


Birdquest’s Best of West Papua birding tours in Indonesia explore the western end of the island of New Guinea (a territory that used to be called Irian Jaya). Our Best of West Papua birding tour concentrates on the many endemic specialities of this part of New Guinea, including the Raja Ampat islands, where some marvellous creatures can be found such as Red and Wilson’s Birds of Paradise, Western Parotia, Arfak Astrapia, Long-tailed Paradigalla, Buff-tailed Sicklebill, Flame and Vogelkop Bowerbirds, Western Crowned Pigeon and Red-breasted Paradise Kingfisher.

When, in the mid 19th century, Alfred Russel Wallace first approached the shores of western New Guinea he wrote that he could barely contain his excitement knowing that “those dark forests produced the most extraordinary and the most beautiful of the feathered inhabitants of the earth”.

First sighted by the Portuguese in 1526, this huge island, second only in size to Greenland, exhibits incredible ecological diversity. The very varied local ecology and the isolating effect of the rugged terrain has resulted in a cultural and linguistic diversity unparalleled on earth. Here 0.1% of the world’s population speak 15% of the known languages. Early Dutch colonial influence barely extended beyond the immediate vicinity of the coast, vast areas remaining terra incognita until the mid 20th century. Most of the tribes, particularly those in the highlands, were first contacted by outsiders as recently as in the 1930s or even later, and some are still unknown to westerners. Despite the efforts of missionaries and ‘Indonesianization’ programmes, many tribes are much as they were before outside influences arrived. Stories of tribal warfare and even cannibalism are still frequent in some places, although fortunately not in the areas we will visit!

Diversity and timelessness are as characteristic of the fauna and flora as of the people. West Papua (formerly known as Irian Jaya) is still covered by the some of the largest tracts of undisturbed forest on earth, second only to Amazonia. Very few birdwatchers have as yet visited West Papua, before mass tourism, logging and mining have had a serious impact on the environment. Whether sampling the birds of New Guinea for the first time or returning for those exotic and rarely seen endemics, West Papua provides the adventurous birder with some of the most exciting birding and travel experiences the modern world can offer.

A visit to this very remote region is much more of an adventure than a normal birding tour, and even after the improvements of recent years, there are still a few nights with quite primitive living conditions. Tourism is still very much in its infancy in West Papua. Although reasonably comfortable hotels exist in all the main centres, once we are away from such places our accommodation will be in remote, basic villages or even (for one or two nights) in simple ‘bush shelters’ deep in the forest and well away from habitation. In addition, local agent charges for arranging adventurous ecotourism in West Papua have become very high, reflecting rapidly climbing costs in this unique part of Indonesia.

This two-week tour concentrates on the very best that West Papua has to offer, the Arfak Mountains and the Raja Ampat islands.

Our adventure starts at the small town of Manokwari from where we will travel by a fairly recently-constructed road up to the village of Mokwam amongst the spectacular ridges and deep valleys of the Arfak Mountains in search of their three endemic birds of paradise: Western Parotia, Arfak Astrapia and Long-tailed Paradigalla (only rediscovered in 1989). Here we may well also see Black-billed (or Buff-tailed) and Black Sicklebills, Magnificent Bird of Paradise, Masked and Vogelkop Bowerbirds, and much more besides.

Next, we travel to Waigeo in the Raja Ampat (or Raja Empat) Islands to search for the endemic Wilson’s and Red Birds of Paradise at their display grounds in the forests. We also have a good chance of seeing the amazing Western Crowned Pigeon flush noisily up into the trees, as well as the endemic Raja Ampat Pitohui and many other more widespread New Guinea birds.

Finally, we come to the Sorong region, at the western tip of the oddly shaped Vogelkop (Bird’s Head) Peninsula, and in particular the fabulous Klasow Valley. What makes the Klasow Valley special is the long list of mega New Guinea endemics. Recent explorations of the forest by a handful of intrepid birdwatchers (our leaders included) have yielded seemingly regular observations of Northern Cassowary, Forest Bittern, Thick-billed Ground Pigeon, New Guinea Bronzewing, Papuan Nightjar, Papuan Hawk-Owl, the superb Red-breasted Paradise Kingfisher, Black Thicket Fantail, and the somewhat drab but nevertheless exceptional Tawny Straightbill. We should see a number of these marvellous birds.

Birdquest pioneered West Papua birding tours (the territory was then known as Irian Jaya) in Indonesia as far back as 1992.

Important: With steady improvements to roads, it is no longer necessary to camp for more than one or two nights in the Arfak, so camping on our Best of West Papua tour is nowadays limited to just one or two nights!

Accommodation & Road Transport: The hotels are of good or medium standard. On Waigeo we stay in a simple guesthouse with two or more people per room and basic washing and toilet facilities. In the Mokwam area in the Arfak Mountains, we will sleep in simple buildings (with one or two rooms) with primitive washing and toilet facilities, apart from two nights spent under primitive ‘bush shelters’. Near Sorong we will stay overnight in simple village accommodation, and may have to sleep in just one or two large rooms together. Road transport is by small coach or minibus. Roads are rather poor and few and far between, but then we do not have to travel long distances on them.

Walking: The walking effort during our Best of West Papua birding tours is mostly moderate (easy in only a few areas). Access to the Arfak Mountains used to involve much strenuous trekking, but conditions have now been greatly alleviated by the construction of a road up to the village of Mokwam. Even so, hiking the trails in this area will still be quite demanding at times as they are steep in parts.

Climate: Unpredictable and dependent on local topography but at this season it should be mostly dry and often sunny. It is generally hot and humid in the lowlands and foothills. At high altitudes daytime temperatures are pleasant but it can get cool at night or when it rains.

Bird Photography: Opportunities during our Best of West Papua birding tours are worthwhile.


  • Unrivalled hide-based experiences with up to 8 displaying birds-of-paradise, and seeing a further 14 species of this amazing family
  • In the high Arfak Mountains, watch from a hide as the imposing male Black Sicklebill visits his display log at dawn and advertises with loud staccato calls
  • Witness the intricate dance of a male Western Parotia from only metres away
  • Many birders say Wilson’s Bird-of-paradise is the best bird in the world – we will see several males at their courts on the island of Waigeo
  • Having several chances to observe the beautiful Red Bird-of-paradise at a lek on Waigeo – arguably the best dancer of the avian world
  • Beholding the complex structures designed by Vogelkop Bowerbirds, while the iridescent Masked Bowerbird shows off mainly with his striking plumage
  • Amazing Feline and Mountain Owlet-nightjars are usually seen at day-roosts, and in recent years we have had success with both Wallace’s and Vogelkop
  • Fabulous Western Crowned Pigeons erupting from the forest floor with noisy wingbeats and usually perching in full view
  • Visit one of the only accessible untouched lowland forest areas on the island where Northern Cassowaries still roam
  • A place where several Vogelkop specialties like Red-billed Brushturkey, Black Lory and Red-breasted Paradise Kingfisher are common
  • Exploring what many bird tour leaders consider the ultimate birding destination, and incomparable to anywhere else in the world


  • Day 1: Morning tour start at Manokwari.
  • Day 2: Drive into the Arfak Mountains.
  • Days 3-7: Exploring the Arfak Mountains.
  • Day 8: Return to Manokwari.
  • Day 9: Flight direct to Waigeo if possible, or flight to Sorong and ferry to Waigeo.
  • Days 10-12: Exploring Waigeo Island.
  • Day 13: Ferry to Sorong, then drive to Klasow Valley.
  • Day 14: Klasow Valley, then return to Sorong.
  • Day 15: Morning tour end at Sorong.

To see a larger map, click on the square-like ‘enlarge’ icon in the upper right of the map box.

To see (or hide) the ‘map legend’, click on the icon with an arrow in the upper left of the map box.

To change to a satellite view, which is great for seeing the physical terrain (and for seeing really fine details by repetitive use of the + button), click on the square ‘map view’ icon in the lower left corner of the ‘map legend’.


West Papua Tour Prices: We are sometimes asked why West Papua tour prices are so expensive, especially when there are basic accommodations for much of the tour. The answer is straightforward, but not entirely obvious to an outside observer; the very high price levels that are charged by the local agents. There are very few competent local ecotourism agents in West Papua and the best of them have to have an unusual level of expertise in order to function well in this remote and very undeveloped part of the world. They assure us that their operating costs in West Papua are very high.

Birdquest Inclusions: Our tour prices include surface transportation, accommodations, meals and entrance fees.

We also include all tipping for local guides, drivers and accommodation/restaurant staff.

We also include this flight: Manokwari-Waigeo or Sorong.

Deposit: 20% of the total tour price. Our office will let you know what deposit amount is due, in order to confirm your booking, following receipt of your online booking form.

TO BOOK THIS TOUR: Click here (you will need the tour dates)

2022: £4790, $6850, €5580, AUD8830. Manokwari/Sorong.
2023: 6950 £160, $240, €190, AUD300. Manokwari/Sorong.

Single Supplement: 2022: £160, $230, €180, AUD290.

The single supplement will not apply if you indicate on booking that you prefer to share a room and there is a room-mate of the same sex available.

The single room supplement relates to Manokwari and Sorong only.

This tour is priced in US Dollars. Amounts shown in other currencies are indicative.

Air Travel To & From The Tour: Our in-house IATA ticket agency will be pleased to arrange your air travel on request, or you may arrange this yourself if you prefer.


Best of West Papua: Day 1  Our tour begins this morning at Manokwari on the western shore of Geelvink Bay on the northern coast of West Papua, where we will overnight. After settling in at our hotel, we will have time for some initial exploration this afternoon.

Best of West Papua: Day 2  From Manokwari we will drive inland to the village of Mokwam, situated at 5250ft (1600m) in the Arfak Mountains. We will spend four nights in buildings in one or two of the local villages, but we will also camp for two nights higher up in the mountains. In the late afternoon, we will start our exploration of this remote area.

Best of West Papua: Days 3-7  In these seldom-visited mountains we shall hope to find many montane species, including some of New Guinea’s least known birds. On the high ridges, the shy and scarce Black-billed (or Buff-tailed) Sicklebill utters its Whimbrel-like song and Arfak Astrapias can be found foraging along the moss-bedecked branches. Even less well known is the Long-tailed Paradigalla, which has only been seen by very few birders since it was first described. Whilst uncommon and wary, it draws attention to itself by its powerful monotone whistle and can sometimes be seen feeding in Pandanus and other fruiting trees.

Females and immature males of the endemic Western Parotia are fairly common but to see an adult male it is usually necessary to locate a display ground by following up their harsh calls. Hides have been built at a couple of these dance courts and one of the highlights of the tour will be observing the incredible display of this exquisite species. To watch the dazzling ‘ballerina dance’ of this fabulous species at very close range is totally out of this world and has been described as one of the climaxes of a birding career.

Another characteristic species of the area is the endemic Vogelkop Bowerbird, which not only builds a magnificent bower decorated with colourful flowers, fruits and mushrooms, but can imitate the songs of nearly all other species.

In the mid-montane forest the feeding flocks hold Dwarf and Sclater’s Whistlers, as well as the endemic Vogelkop Whistler. Magnificent Birds of Paradise occasionally join these flocks, but more usually call from close to their display grounds. A hide has been built overlooking the dance court of this lovely species, so we should be able to admire a male in full swing. Shy Spotted Catbirds attract attention by their mewing calls from the canopy. Attractive Spotted Jewel-babblers are fairly regular in these moss-festooned forests and with a modicum of luck we will observe this wonderful but shy species in all its glory. Sometimes our man on the spot knows of a day roost of the magical-looking Feline Owlet-Nightjar or the cute Mountain Owlet-Nightjar.

After climbing well into the mountains we shall come to a clearing on the steep slopes of Gunung Nadim. From here, at dawn, before the clouds come in, the view down to the lowlands is magnificent. The forest here holds feeding flocks which include Black Monarch, the endemic Vogelkop Scrubwren, Black Pitohui and Red-breasted Pygmy Parrot.

Eventually, we shall reach the summit ridge, where Black Sicklebills sing from favourite perches. Along the ridge, Orange-crowned Fairy-wren and Smoky and Ashy Robins are to be seen, while attractive Tit Berrypeckers can be found in fruiting bushes. Flowering trees attract Western Smoky Honeyeaters, and Cinnamon-browed and the endemic Vogelkop Melidectes.

Other species we will be looking out for include White-throated Pigeon, Bronze Ground Dove, Rufescent Imperial Pigeon, Josephine’s, Papuan and Yellow-billed Lorikeets, Blue-collared Parrot, White-eared Bronze Cuckoo, Grey-green Scrubwren, Garnet, Green-backed and White-rumped Robins, Hooded Pitohui, Olive-crowned Flowerpecker, Black-fronted White-eye, Dwarf and Rufous-sided Honeyeaters, and Mountain Meliphaga.

At night we will search for the delightful Papuan Boobook. If we are particularly lucky we will chance upon a rare marvel like Papuan (or New Guinea Harpy) Eagle or White-striped Forest-Rail.

Mammals are scarce here, but we stand a fair chance of encountering the adorable Red-bellied Marsupial Shrew.

Best of West Papua: Day 8  Today we return to Manokwari for an overnight stay. We will spend most of the day birding along the road, looking for species that favour lower elevations, including the almost fluorescent Masked Bowerbird (split from Flame Bowerbird).

Best of West Papua: Day 9  Today we will either catch a flight direct to the island of Waigeo in the Raja Ampat (or Raja Empat) archipelago, or else fly to the bustling town of Sorong at the head of the Vogelkop Peninsula and take the ferry. We will stay on Waigeo for four nights. Depending on air and ferry schedules, there may be some opportunity for birding somewhere today.

Best of West Papua: Days 10-12  The island of Waigeo to the northwest of Sorong is seldom visited. Still forest-covered and very sparsely populated, this island hold several species rare or absent on the mainland. In the lowland forest, Red Birds of Paradise, endemic to the islands of Batanta and Waigeo, can be watched displaying in some of the taller forest trees. Pheasant Pigeons are fairly common and their mournful call is often heard, but seeing this retiring if magnificent species requires some luck. Purple-tailed Imperial Pigeons can be found in fruiting trees and the tiny Yellow-capped Pygmy Parrot might be seen hanging from the trunk of a forest giant. Another key species is the endemic Raja Ampat Pitohui.

A primary goal here is to find the brilliantly plumaged Wilson’s Bird of Paradise, without a doubt one of the most beautiful birds on the planet. In the early morning one or two males and several females gather at display grounds; usually an area cleared of all leaf litter under a tangle of vines, where the male calls vigorously and displays to the females as they arrive. Hides have been built overlooking these dance courts, so we should be able to watch these stunning birds at our leisure.

With a modicum of luck, we will hear the low thrumming call of Western Crowned Pigeons and then track one or more down. These huge creatures usually flush up with explosive wing beats and find a perch from which to nervously watch their pursuers.

Other birds we may well see here include Dusky Megapode, Pygmy Eagle (split from Little), Great-billed Parrot, Common Paradise Kingfisher, Papuan Pitta (split from Red-bellied), Pale-billed Scrubwren, Green-backed Gerygone, Frilled Monarch, Grey Whistler, Yellow-bellied Longbill, Puff-backed Meliphaga, Tawny-breasted and Spotted Honeyeaters, and Torresian Crow. In the forest, one of the most frequent songs to be heard is the repeated descending trill of the Chestnut-breasted Cuckoo.

Along the shoreline, Great-billed Heron, Eastern Reef Egret, Raja (or White-headed) Shelduck, Eastern Osprey, White-bellied Sea Eagle and Beach Kingfisher can all be found.

One afternoon we will travel by boat to some islets where we should find Pied and Spice Imperial Pigeons, and Violet-necked Lory, as well as a roost of Great-billed Parrots.

Ultimate West Papua: Day 13  Today we will return by ferry to Sorong looking out for Lesser Frigatebird, the elegant Black-naped Tern, Greater Crested Tern and other seabirds during the journey.

After a quick lunch we will continue eastwards to the Klasow Valley where we will stay overnight in some small village huts. The village which will be hosting us lies in the middle of a large tract of superb lowland forest, the likes of which is always extremely hard to access in New Guinea – often soon after a track or village is built in good habitat, the habitat is removed! The locals here however truly value their forest, and the number of remarkable species which are present is a tribute to that.

Ultimate West Papua: Day 14  In addition to the tame village Northern Cassowaries which come in from the forest to be fed fruit most mornings (which are questionably tickable), the forest holds a good number of these gigantic birds, and we may be lucky enough to come across one on the trails while we are concentrating on our main targets. Pride of place goes to the stunning Red-breasted Paradise Kingfisher, which is usually an ultra-scare or cryptic species, but which has proven to be almost common in the valley. The Vogelkop-endemic Black Lory is another somewhat tricky bird which is much more abundant here than in the degraded forest elsewhere, and we should see multiple parties flying overhead and feeding in the canopy. What truly makes the Klasow Valley special however is the long list of mega New Guinea endemics which have previously been almost entirely unknown and only irregularly occurring elsewhere on the island. Recent explorations of the forest by a handful of intrepid birdwatchers (our leaders included) has yielded repeat, and seemingly regular observations of Forest Bittern, Thick-billed Ground Pigeon, New Guinea Bronzewing, Papuan Nightjar, Papuan Hawk Owl, Black Thicket Fantail, and the somewhat drab but nevertheless exceptional Tawny Straightbill. We will definitely hear the astoundingly common and restricted Red-billed Brushturkey here, and we will hopefully bump into one by walking along quietly, along with four desirable BoPs – King Bird-of-paradise, Twelve-wired Bird-of-paradise, Magnificent Riflebird, and Lesser Bird-of-paradise. 

Of course there are not just rare birds here, and we will also be on the lookout for more widespread species including Large Fig Parrot, Cinnamon Ground Dove, Wompoo, Pink-spotted, Dwarf, Claret-breasted, Beautiful and Orange-bellied Fruit Doves, Purple-tailed Imperial Pigeon, Ivory-billed Coucal, Papuan Spine-tailed Swift, Long-billed and Plain Honeyeater, Papuan Babbler, Rusty Pitohui, Sooty and White-bellied Thicket Fantail, Dwarf Koel, Scrub Meliphaga, Ruby-throated Myzomela, White-eared Catbird, Grey Crow, Olive Flyrobin and Emporer Fairywren.

After spending most of the day birding in the valley, we will return to Sorong in the evening for a well-deserved celebratory dinner and a welcomingly comfortable bed!

Ultimate West Papua: Day 15  Our last birding will be spent in Sorong itself at a nice stretch of mangroves where the scarce Blue-black Kingfisher is quite common, and we may also find Little Kingfisher, Pale-vented Bush-hen, Collared Imperial Pigeon, Orange-fronted Fruit Dove, Brown-backed Honeyeater and Streak-headed Mannikin. Soon after the sun comes up here everything disappears, at which point we will return to the hotel to wash and change. Afterwards, we transfer to the airport where our tour ends this morning.


by Josh Bergmark

View Report


by Mark Van Beirs

View Report

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