The Ultimate In Birding Tours

Australia & The Pacific Islands

CLASSIC PAPUA NEW GUINEA – A plethora of Birds-of-Paradise and all the island’s endemic families

Saturday 10th June – Tuesday 27th June 2023

Leaders: Pete Morris and local bird guides

18 Days Group Size Limit 7
New Britain Extension

Tuesday 27th June – Saturday 1st July 2023

5 Days Group Size Limit 7
Sunday 2nd July – Wednesday 19th July 2023

Leaders: János Oláh, Dáni Balla, and local bird guides

18 Days Group Size Limit 7
New Britain Extension

Wednesday 19th July – Sunday 23rd July 2023

5 Days Group Size Limit 7
Saturday 6th July – Tuesday 23rd July 2024

Leaders: Dáni Balla and local bird guides

18 Days Group Size Limit 7
New Britain Extension

Tuesday 23rd July – Saturday 27th July 2024

5 Days Group Size Limit 7


Birdquest’s Classic Papua New Guinea birding tours are classic birding tours. Our Classic Papua New Guinea birding tour visits Port Moresby, Kiunga, Tabubil, Kumul (Mount Hagen) and Ambua Lodge (near Tari) on the mainland, plus the island of New Britain, producing a fantastic array of birds including around 20 species of birds-of-paradise and a huge number of other endemics in just three weeks in this fascinating land where the Stone Age co-exists with the 21st Century.

From high in an ancient, gnarled and epiphyte-bedecked tree a strange, static electric crackling reveals the presence of a displaying King of Saxony Bird-of-paradise sitting on a snag and waving its extraordinary head-plumes like some strange antennae. A cacophony of yelping reaches a crescendo in the foothill forest and an arching, flaming mass of shivering yellow and orange-pink resolves itself into a Raggiana Bird-of-paradise. A pinprick of blood-red against an emerald canopy is a King Bird-of-paradise. A glint of iridescent viridian, illuminated by a shaft of sunlight that pierces the lead-grey, rumbling heavens, is followed by a rippling wave of white tail streamers as a Ribbon-tailed Astrapia takes to the air.

There is no need to say that we are on the island of New Guinea, for these extraordinary birds are amongst the most famous in the world. Indeed, their wondrous variations in form and colouration, that defy simple description, are so ‘out-of-this-world’ that when the first skins (which lacked feet) reached Europe they were thought to be faked constructs or even heavenly species that had somehow fallen to earth!

New Guinea is the second-largest island in the world and to this day remains one of the wildest, most sparsely settled regions on earth. Over 700 species of birds are found here, the world’s richest island avifauna and nearly half of these are found nowhere else! Whilst the extraordinary birds-of-paradise are the finest jewels in New Guinea’s ornithological crown, there is so much else to attract the birdwatcher – huge but secretive cassowaries, strange mound-builders, a gorgeous array of doves, pigeons, parrots and kingfishers (all of which reach their greatest diversity here), sinister-looking frogmouths, skulking jewel-babblers, exquisite fairy-wrens, brightly coloured flycatchers, confusing honeyeaters and fascinating bowerbirds to mention just some of the highlights.

The island of New Guinea holds no fewer than seven endemic bird families, including the monotypic Wattled Ploughbill (family Eulacestomatidae), the monotypic Blue-capped Ifrit (family Ifritidae), the longbills and berrypeckers (family Melanocharitidae), the painted berrypeckers (family Paramythiidae), Mottled Berryhunter (formerly Mottled Whistler, family Rhagologidae), the satinbirds (family Cnemophilidae) and the melampittas (family Melampittidae), making it an absolutely key destination for anyone wanting to see all the world’s bird families.

Our Classic Papua New Guinea tour explores the eastern half of the island, Papua New Guinea (or ‘PNG’), where we shall travel from modern towns to regions almost untouched by the twentieth century (or even the last millennia) and still inhabited by stone-age tribes whose warriors dress in bark belts, loincloths and headdresses decorated with bird-of-paradise plumes.

While much of Papua New Guinea is still primitive and undeveloped, conditions for visitors are often much better than first-timers expect. The only downside is that it is an extraordinarily expensive place.

Our Classic Papua New Guinea birding tour starts at Port Moresby, the capital city, situated on the southeast coast. This excellent area possesses one of the richest avifaunas in Papua New Guinea due to its unusual diversity of habitats ranging from dry, Australian-like eucalypt savanna and grassland to lowland rainforest and hill forest. Here we will look for flamboyant Raggiana Birds-of-paradise and Growling Riflebirds, as well as many other exciting birds.

Next, we will travel far to the west, first to the town of Tabubil in the foothills of the Star Mountains, where Salvadori’s Teal, Pesquet’s (or Vulturine) Parrot, the handsome Queen Carola’s Parotia, Yellow-breasted Satinbird and Obscure Berrypecker will attract our attention. If we are fortunate, we will also find the amazing Shovel-billed Kookaburra and the strange Greater Melampitta.

From here we will move on to the frontier town of Kiunga on the great Fly River of southwestern Papua New Guinea. In this remote area, many large species that have been extirpated by hunting elsewhere can still be seen, as well as some exciting western specialities. Star attractions include the huge Sclater’s Crowned Pigeon, Little Paradise Kingfisher, Flame Bowerbird and the gorgeous Greater, Twelve-wired and King Birds-of-paradise.

From the southwestern lowlands and foothills, we will fly up to Mount Hagen in the central highlands, seeming to travel back in time as we do so, in search of our first montane species, including such great birds as New Guinea Woodcock, Mountain Owlet-Nightjar, Lesser Bird-of-paradise, Crested Satinbird, Mottled Berryhunter (now treated as a monotypic bird family), Lesser Melampitta (one of only two members of its family) and Blue-capped Ifrit.

For our grand finale, we will continue to the famous Ambua Lodge near Tari in the southern highlands. Here we will explore the magnificent cloud forests of Mount Kerewa and the fringes of the Tari Valley, home of the famous Huli tribe or ‘wigmen’, in search of the area’s remarkable selection of birds-of-paradise and many other montane specialities. Highlights here will include the superbly elegant Ribbon-tailed Astrapia, the strange King of Saxony Bird-of-paradise, the striking Blue Bird-of-paradise and Loria’s Satinbird.

Here also we will be on the lookout for the representatives of no fewer than three monotypic bird families; Wattled Ploughbill, Blue-capped Ifrit and Mottled Berryhunter, as well as a variety of berrypeckers and painted berrypeckers.

During the optional extension, there will be the opportunity to visit the large island of New Britain in the Bismarck Archipelago, a centre of avian endemism in its own right which will provide us with a superb selection of little-known species including such spectacular birds as Blue-eyed Cockatoo and Black-headed Paradise Kingfisher.

Birdquest has operated Papua New Guinea birding tours since 1986.

What makes the Birdquest Classic Papua New Guinea birding tour special? The Birdquest group size limit is lower than most other Papua New Guinea birding tours (and significantly lower than some). Birds are often shy in PNG, so we regard keeping group size small as a key benefit to our group members.

Birding in Papua New Guinea: New Guinea has a rich, fantastic and world-renowned avifauna, but many birds here are shy and, although one does see some bird-of-paradise display, visitors should not expect to see the quantity and intensity of display that takes film-makers many months or even years to gather.

Accommodation & Road Transport: The hotels/lodges used are mostly of a good standard although two are of medium grade. At the remote site at the  Elevala River we will spend two nights in a very basic ‘camp’ with beds with mosquito nets set on a platform (under a tarpaulin), a dining area, an outside toilet and very basic washing facilities. Road transport is by small coach or minibus. Roads are often in moderate to poor condition and are few and far between.

Walking: The walking effort during our Classic Papua New Guinea birding tour is easy to moderate.

Climate: Generally warm or hot, dry and sunny at lower altitudes, but cool in upland areas. Overcast weather is quite regular and there is very likely to be some rain, perhaps heavy and prolonged at times. It will be rather humid in the lowlands.

Bird Photography: Opportunities during our Classic Papua New Guinea birding tour are worthwhile.


  • See 21 bird-of-paradise species, including Growling Riflebird, Queen Carola’s Parotia, King Bird-of-paradise, and Ribbon-tailed and Princess Stephanie’s Astrapias.
  • A very high chance of finding all seven endemic bird families of New Guinea, including the tricky Mottled Berryhunter, Blue-capped Ifrit and Wattled Ploughbill.
  • See evolutionary oddities like the exquisite Crested Satinbird and poisonous Lesser Melampitta.
  • The extravagant Blue Bird-of-paradise is the must-see species in Papua New Guinea - the best bird in the world?
  • Unrivalled experiences with King of Saxony Bird-of-paradise waving their 'antennae'.
  • Early morning vigils to see Twelve-wired Bird-of-paradise and Raggiana Bird-of-paradise in display.
  • Visit the tree that David Attenborough ascended to film a Greater Bird-of-paradise lek in The Life of Birds.
  • Use hides to observe the incandescent Flame Bowerbird at his bachelor pad.
  • Watch the secretive New Guinea Flightless Rail visit an improvised feeding station.
  • Exploring the tranquil Fly River by boat, searching the banks at dawn for magnificent Sclater’s Crowned Pigeon.
  • Forest kingfishers include Little Paradise Kingfisher, Brown-breasted Paradise Kingfisher and Hook-billed Kingfisher.
  • Search for the retiring Shovel-billed Kookaburra, Queen Carola's Parotia, Yellow-breaasted Satinbird, Greater Melampitta and the bizarre Pesquet’s Parrot around Tabubil.
  • Stay at the very comfortable Ambua Lodge and at Kumul Lodge where birds-of-paradise feed in the gardens
  • Exploring the high elevation forest for Papuan Logrunner and Chestnut Forest Rail
  • Visit PNG’s only national park behind Port Moresby, where we try to find several difficult ground-dwellers.
  • Spotlight for some of the least-known nocturnal birds in the world, such as the bizarre Spangled Owlet-nightjar.
  • Fly to a tropical paradise in the Bismarck Archipelago.
  • Enjoy a relaxing conclusion to the tour at the luxurious Walindi Diving Resort.
  • The once near-mythical Golden Masked Owl is currently easy to find by spotlighting from a vehicle.
  • Target around 30 Bismarck and Melanesian endemics, including Black Honey Buzzard, Finsch’s Imperial Pigeon, Blue-eyed Cockatoo, New Britain Boobook, Bismarck Pitta and Black-tailed Monarch.
  • New Britain’s endemic kingfishers include Black-headed Paradise Kingfisher, New Britain Dwarf Kingfisher and White-mantled Kingfisher.
  • Spend a day at sea, hopping between small islands for Sclater’s Myzomela, Island Imperial Pigeon and Beach Kingfisher.
  • Search offshore for Heinroth’s Shearwater, but be back in time for a spot of snorkelling at one of the best reef systems in the world.


  • Day 1: Morning tour start at Port Moresby.
  • Day 2: Varirata National Park. Overnight at Port Moresby.
  • Day 3: Morning flight to Kiunga. Drive to Tabubil.
  • Days 4-5: Tabubil area.
  • Day 6: Tabubil area, then return to Kiunga.
  • Day 7: By boat to Fly and Elevala Rivers. Overnight Elevala River.
  • Day 8: Elevala River.
  • Day 9: Elevala River, then return by boat to Kiunga.
  • Day 10: Kiunga, then flight to Mount Hagen. Drive to Kumul Lodge.
  • Days 11-13: Kumul Lodge area.
  • Day 14: Return to Mount Hagen and fly to Tari. Drive to Ambua Lodge.
  • Days 15-16: Ambua Lodge/Tari Gap.
  • Day 17: Ambua Lodge, then fly from Tari to Port Moresby.
  • Day 18: Morning tour end at Port Moresby.
  • Day 1: Morning flight to Kimbe on New Britain. Drive to Walindi.
  • Days 2-4: Walindi region.
  • Day 5: Drive to Kimbe. Morning flight to Port Moresby where tour ends.

To see a larger map, click on the square-like ‘enlarge’ icon in the upper right of the map box.

To see (or hide) the ‘map legend’, click on the icon with an arrow in the upper left of the map box.

To change to a satellite view, which is great for seeing the physical terrain (and for seeing really fine details by repetitive use of the + button), click on the square ‘map view’ icon in the lower left corner of the ‘map legend’.


Papua New Guinea Birding Tour Prices: Prices in Papua New Guinea are high by any standards, but there are reasons for this. In the first place accommodations in Papua New Guinea, whatever their standard, are mostly expensive, as is transport for tourism purposes. Papua New Guinea is a country with only a thin ‘meniscus’ of development that sits on an otherwise very undeveloped part of the world. The very limited but often comfortable layer of infrastructure that tourism uses is also used by oil and gas development staff, miners, lumber extractors and many other expatriates, with the result that prices have risen very high. Furthermore, there are only a very limited number of local agents that specialize in eco-tourism, so they can dictate price levels. This combination makes for high prices.

Birdquest Inclusions: Our tour prices include surface transportation, accommodations, meals and entrance fees.

We also include all tipping for local guides, drivers and accommodation/restaurant staff.

We also include these flights: Port Moresby-Kiunga, Kiunga-Mount Hagen, Mount Hagen-Tari, Tari-Port Moresby and Port Moresby-Hoskins-Port Moresby.

Deposit: 20% of the total tour price. Our office will let you know what deposit amount is due, in order to confirm your booking, following receipt of your online booking form.

TO BOOK THIS TOUR: Click here (you will need the tour dates)

2023: £9830, $12290, €11300, AUD18310. Port Moresby/Port Moresby.
New Britain Extension: £2230, $2790, €2560, AUD4150. Port Moresby/Port Moresby.
2024: provisional £10150, $12690, €11670, AUD18900. Port Moresby/Port Moresby.
New Britain Extension: £2280, $2850, €2620, AUD4240. Port Moresby/Port Moresby.

Single Supplement: 2023: £1160, $1450, €1330, AUD2160.
New Britain Extension: £250, $320, €290, AUD470.
Single Supplement: 2024: £1160, $1450, €1330, AUD2160.
New Britain Extension: £250, $320, €290, AUD470.

The single supplement will not apply if you indicate on booking that you prefer to share a room and there is a room-mate of the same sex available.

The main tour single room supplement excludes the two nights at the Elevala River.

This tour is priced in US Dollars. Amounts shown in other currencies are indicative.

Air Travel To & From The Tour: Our in-house IATA ticket agency will be pleased to arrange your air travel on request, or you may arrange this yourself if you prefer.


Papua New Guinea: Day 1  Our Classic Papua New Guinea birding tour begins this morning at Port Moresby, where we will stay for two nights. Later we will begin our exploration of the surrounding area.

Papua New Guinea: Day 2  The eucalypt savanna of the Port Moresby region is an ecological ‘island’ with strong affinities to northern Australia, and beyond lies the tropical rainforest that covers so much of New Guinea, rising steadily from the lowlands up into the Astrolabe range.

Small ponds on the edge of the city hold such species as Australasian Grebe, Little Black and Little Pied Cormorants, Eastern Cattle, Great, Intermediate and Little Egrets, the attractive Pied Heron, Nankeen (or Rufous) Night Heron, Wandering and Plumed Whistling Ducks, Raja (or White-headed) Shelduck, Pacific Black Duck, Dusky Moorhen, Australasian Swamphen, the pretty Comb-crested Jacana and Masked Lapwing. If we are fortunate we will also see one or more of the more uncommon visitors, such as the rare and crepuscular Spotted Whistling Duck, Grey Teal, the pretty Green Pygmy Goose, Australian White Ibis or Australasian Darter.

The adjacent eucalypt savanna, ‘kunai’ grassland and gardens hold a broad range of species including Black, Whistling and Brahminy Kites, Peaceful and Bar-shouldered Doves, Orange-fronted Fruit Dove, Torresian Imperial Pigeon, Pheasant Coucal, the impressive and vociferous Blue-winged Kookaburra, Sacred Kingfisher, Rainbow Bee-eater, Australian Hobby (uncommon), Coconut Lorikeet, New Guinea Friarbird, Yellow-tinted and Rufous-banded Honeyeaters, White-breasted Woodswallow, Black-backed Butcherbird, Black-faced Cuckooshrike, Grey Shrikethrush, the entertaining Willie Wagtail, Australasian Figbird, Torresian Crow, Singing Starling, Pacific Swallow and Grey-headed Mannikin.

We also have a good chance of finding the huge, reptilian-looking Papuan Frogmouth at its daytime roost. Fawn-breasted Bowerbirds are quite common in the area and if we find one of their remarkably complex bowers we may be rewarded by hearing the bird’s strange repertoire of hisses, gurgles, pops and burps.

We will spend much of our time in the Port Moresby region exploring Varirata National Park, which is situated in the foothills above the city. The park is dominated by dry eucalypt forest and moister evergreen hill forest, and a good system of trails allows easy access to this excellent area.

Varirata holds many widespread lower altitude species that we will see elsewhere during the tour, so we shall be concentrating on birds that we are only likely to see here, or which are typically easier at Varirata than elsewhere.

Varirata will give us our first chance to see some of New Guinea’s fabulous birds-of-paradise. The exotic Raggiana Bird-of-paradise, one of the ‘classic’ birds-of-paradise, is quite common here and we may find them displaying. Growling (or Eastern) Riflebirds are very vocal, but quite shy, and can sometimes be seen flying between ‘song’ perches.

With persistence, we should get views of the handsome Chestnut-backed Jewel-babbler and with both persistence and luck we will see one or two of the more difficult skulkers, which include Painted Quailthrush, Piping Bellbird (formerly known as Crested Pitohui and a species with a magical song) and Papuan Scrub Robin.

We should also encounter a few other more uncommon or harder to find birds of the area, which include Pygmy Eagle, Gurney’s Eagle, the retiring Pheasant Pigeon, White-faced Robin and White-eared Catbird, as well as the intriguing Goldenface (formerly known as Dwarf Whistler, but now reclassified as an Australasian warbler) and Drongo Fantail (formerly known as Pygmy or Mountain Drongo, but now reclassified as a fantail and related to the interesting Silktail of Fiji).

In the mid-storey, we should come across the unobtrusive Brown-headed Paradise Kingfisher. Indeed, kingfishers are well represented at Varirata, with Yellow-billed, Forest, Azure and Papuan Dwarf Kingfishers all quite likely here. This is also a good place for finding the exquisite Barred Owlet-Nightjar.

Other species we may well encounter at Varirata include Pacific Baza, Long-tailed Honey Buzzard, Amboyna Cuckoo-Dove, Wompoo, Pink-spotted, Superb and Beautiful Fruit Doves, Zoe’s Imperial Pigeon, Large-tailed Nightjar, Glossy and Uniform Swiftlets, Oriental Dollarbird, Papuan King and Red-cheeked Parrots, the smart Black-capped Lory, Tawny-breasted and White-throated Honeyeaters, Elegant and Mimic Honeyeaters (or Elegant and Mimic Meliphagas), Rusty Mouse-warbler, Pale-billed Scrubwren, Yellow-bellied, Green-backed and Fairy Gerygones, Black Berrypecker, Dwarf (or Spectacled) Longbill, Yellow-breasted Boatbill, Black and Hooded Butcherbirds, Stout-billed, Barred (or Yellow-eyed), Boyer’s and White-bellied Cuckooshrikes, Black Cicadabird (or Black Cuckooshrike), Varied Triller, Grey and White-bellied Whistlers, Little Shrikethrush, the shy Rusty Pitohui, the poisonous Hooded Pitohui, Brown Oriole, Spangled Drongo, Chestnut-bellied Fantail, Spot-winged and Black-faced Monarchs, the splendid Frilled Monarch, Leaden Flycatcher, Lemon-bellied Flyrobin, Black-fronted White-eye, Yellow-faced Myna, Pied Bushchat, Red-capped Flowerpecker and Black Sunbird.

Papua New Guinea: Day 3  This morning we will fly far to the west, to the town of Kiunga, and then drive up the winding road through the foothill forest to Tabubil, situated at the base of the Star Mountains, for a three nights stay.

As our plane carries us across the southern lowlands we will begin to appreciate the immensity of the forest that even today covers more than 90% of New Guinea. Once the settled areas around Port Moresby are left behind hardly anything breaks the pattern of the forest, other than the meandering rivers.

On our way to Tabubil, we will begin our exploration of this exciting area, so we are sure to see a good number of new birds. In particular, we shall stop en route by the Ok Tedi River to look for the interesting resident papuanus form of the Little Ringed Plover and also at a lookout where the spectacular Pesquet’s (or Vulturine) Parrot can sometimes be seen.

Papua New Guinea: Days 4-5  The Ok Tedi mine above Tabubil is one of the largest copper mines in the world and the town and its road network has primarily been created as a result of the mine’s development, thus allowing us to explore the southern foothills of the remote Star Mountains. Many of the birds found here are of widespread distribution throughout the hill forests of New Guinea, but others are much more localized and there are a series of superb specialities to be found.

The hillsides are very steep and gaining access to good forest is a problem in the Tabubil area, particularly as accessible areas are often quickly cleared for ‘gardens’. Tabubil is also the wettest area that we shall visit and so we shall be hoping for good weather, as there are plenty of special birds to look for.

One of the star specialities here is the dazzling and rather illusory-looking Queen Carola’s Parotia, and although adult males can be hard to find, we should at least see females or young males in a fruiting tree. Shovel-billed Kookaburras (or Shovel-billed Kingfishers) also occur in the area and we shall listen out for the calls of this crepuscular species, although it will take persistence and good fortune to see one.

Two of New Guinea’s least-known birds, Greater Melampitta and the unassuming Obscure Berrypecker, are also to be found here, but both require a bit of luck. Easier specialities include White-rumped Robin, Yellow-breasted Satinbird and Magnificent Bird-of-paradise.

We will also pay a visit to one of the many rivers rushing down from the surrounding mountains that has proved to be a reliable site for Salvadori’s Teal, Torrent Flyrobin (or Torrent Flycatcher) and sometimes Torrent-lark.

Other species we may well encounter at Tabubil, but which we are unlikely to see elsewhere during the tour, include Chestnut-breasted Cuckoo, White-eared Bronze Cuckoo, Spotted Honeyeater and Southern Variable Pitohui.

There will be plenty of more widespread species that will be new for the trip and these may well include Papuan Mountain Pigeon, Papuan Boobook, Moustached Treeswift, Orange-breasted Fig Parrot, Papuan Black Myzomela, Long-billed Honeyeater, Mountain and Scrub Honeyeaters (or Mountain and Scrub White-eared Meliphagas), Mountain Peltops, Great Woodswallow, Capped (or Western Mountain) White-eye and Crinkle-collared Manucode (an atypical bird-of-paradise).

We should also encounter some of the more uncommon birds of the area, which include Doria’s Goshawk, Pale-vented (or Rufous-tailed) Bush-hen, Ornate Fruit Dove, Metallic Pigeon, Dwarf Koel, Brown Falcon, Striated Lorikeet, Red-breasted Pygmy Parrot, Blue-collared Parrot, Orange-fronted Hanging Parrot, Wallace’s Fairywren, Sooty Shrikethrush, Red Myzomela, Pygmy Longbill, Sooty Thicket Fantail and Magnificent Riflebird.

Papua New Guinea: Day 6  After a final morning in the Tabubil area we shall descend to Kiunga for an overnight stay. The sparsely populated lowlands of southwestern Papua New Guinea around Kiunga are still one of the least disturbed areas in the country.

Papua New Guinea: Days 7-8  We shall set off early in a small open-top fibreglass boat in order to explore the Fly and Elevala Rivers and their tributaries, spending two nights camping deep in the depths of the swamp forest jungle surrounding the Elevala River. We shall be aiming to reach a display post of the amazing Twelve-wired Bird-of-paradise in good time to see the male running up and down the pole in order to win his females. This strange behaviour lasts for a very short period just after dawn each morning and so we will rely on our local guides knowledge to get us there in time to witness the display. After a hopefully successful encounter, we shall be able to sit back, relax and watch the spectacle of the forest awakening.

As we cruise up the murky and muddy river, hundreds of birds will be flexing their wings and voices and preparing for the new day. We can expect to see large numbers of Collared Imperial Pigeons, mixed with smaller numbers of Pinon Imperial Pigeons, as they erupt from the treetops as we pass by. Large flocks of Blyth’s Hornbills flap lazily from tree to tree and strange, spiky-crested Palm Cockatoos and Glossy-mantled Manucodes are a feature of the journey. Parrots are everywhere, with Eclectus Parrots and Sulphur-crested Cockatoos dominating the show. Shining Flycatchers skim low over the water and occasionally an enormous Great-billed Heron may be flushed from the banks. In particular, we shall be looking out for the huge Sclater’s Crowned Pigeon, one of the largest and most mysterious pigeons in the world. It may take us some time to locate one, but we have a good chance of success and the sight of this incredible bird is one that will surely last a lifetime.

We shall also be able to land at various locations where small trails have been made for us into the otherwise impenetrable forest. Here we shall be on the lookout for the gorgeous but diminutive King Bird-of-paradise and we shall hope to find one of the staked-out males that are amazingly faithful to their display trees. Greater Bird-of-paradise and Trumpet Manucode are also found regularly in the area.

Rarities such as White-bellied Pitohui and the pretty Little Paradise Kingfisher occur in these swampy forests and among the bird parties we shall hope to find difficult species such as Hooded Monarch and Papuan Babbler. Attractive Black-sided Robins sing loudly from the interior and Common Paradise Kingfisher, the stunning Rufous-bellied Kookaburra and the crepuscular Hook-billed Kingfisher are also major attractions here. There will also be a good opportunity to see the intensely-coloured Flame Bowerbird.

Southern Cassowary occurs in the area, but we would need to be very fortunate to see this shy creature. The raucous calls of Black-billed (or Yellow-legged) Brush-turkeys can be heard regularly, but we will need a lot of luck if we are to see this shy denizen of the area, perhaps near one of its large nest mounds. Recently hides (blinds) have been built overlooking suitable areas for New Guinea Flightless Rail, so there is a slim but real chance of seeing this peculiar and rarely observed bird.

Other birds that we may well see during our visit to Kiunga and the Elevala include Striated Heron, Variable and Grey-headed Goshawks, White-bellied Sea-Eagle, Great Cuckoo-Dove, Stephan’s Emerald Dove, Orange-bellied and Dwarf Fruit Doves, Purple-tailed Imperial Pigeon, Pacific Koel, White-crowned, Brush and Channel-billed Cuckoos, Papuan Spine-tailed Swift, Yellow-capped Pygmy Parrot, Red-flanked Lorikeet, Double-eyed Fig Parrot, Yellowish-streaked (or Greater Streaked) and Dusky Lories, the lovely Hooded and Papuan Pittas, Plain, Green-backed, Streak-headed and Obscure Honeyeaters, Large-billed Gerygone, Lowland Peltops, Yellow-bellied Longbill, Grey-headed and Golden Cuckooshrikes, White-bellied Thicket Fantail, Rufous-backed Fantail, Grey Crow, Golden Myna, and Metallic and Yellow-eyed Starlings.

This is a good area for Blue Jewel-babbler and with persistence, we should have a good chance of enticing one into view. We should also find a few other uncommon species, which include Ivory-billed (or Greater Black) and Black-billed (or Lesser Black) Coucals, Little Bronze Cuckoo, Little Paradise Kingfisher, Large Fig Parrot and Ruby-throated (or Red-throated) Myzomela.

Nightbirding is difficult and sometimes unrewarding here, but with persistence and good fortune, we have the chance to encounter such species as Papuan Hawk-Owl, Marbled Frogmouth, Papuan Nightjar, Wallace’s Owlet-Nightjar or even the rare and little-known Spangled Owlet-Nightjar.

Papua New Guinea: Day 9  After some final birding in the Elevala River area, we shall return to Kiunga for a good shower and a comfortable bed for an overnight stay.

During our time at Kiunga, we will visit a mixed display ground of both Greater and Raggiana Birds-of-paradise. Although the former is much the more numerous species here, males of both species can often be seen competing for the females and hybrids do occur. If there is good display activity, this will be a highlight of the tour.

We shall also listen out for the distinctive whistles of the localized Long-billed Cuckoo and hunt out the gorgeous Emperor Fairywren.

If we are lucky we will find one or more of the less frequently recorded species of the Kiunga area, which include New Guinea Bronzewing, Buff-breasted Paradise Kingfisher, Black-eared Catbird and Meyer’s Friarbird.

Papua New Guinea: Day 10  We should have time for some final birding at Kiunga before we take a flight to Mount Hagen, the capital of the Papua New Guinea highlands. Our flight takes us over unbroken foothill forest, mountain ridges and eventually the rich cultivated valleys of the New Guinea highlands.

Until the 1930s, the highlands of New Guinea were thought to be uninhabited, and so the discovery by some intrepid European gold miners of a large human population numbering over a million people living in stone-age conditions in total isolation from the rest of the world was one of the great discoveries of the 20th century.

Upon arrival, and after climbing out of the fertile valley around the town and into the subalpine forest, we will continue to Kumul Lodge in Enga province for a four nights stay. We may arrive in time for some initial exploration.

Papua New Guinea: Days 11-13  Kumul Lodge is situated on a high ridge covered in pristine montane forest and the bungalows, which each have their own veranda with a view out over the surrounding valleys, are surrounded by 67 acres (27 hectares) of private grounds.

A feeding station has been set up outside the dining room and, because of the no-hunting policy adopted by this community-run project, the birds have become incredibly tame. A ‘sit and wait’ policy can be productive here. Belford’s Melidectes and Common Smoky Honeyeaters are numerous, and these are joined by huge Brown Sicklebills (their deafening rattles sound just like a machine-gun), graceful Ribbon-tailed Astrapias, Brehm’s Tiger Parrots and rarely Archbold’s Bowerbirds. At Kumul these wonderful birds, that are so shy elsewhere, can be watched from only a few metres away and so the photographic opportunities are often superb.

Island Thrushes hop around the lawns, Red-collared Myzomelas feed from the flowers and Friendly Fantails, White-winged Robins and Rufous-naped Whistlers (or Rufous-naped Bellbirds) are all common garden birds, while Grey-streaked Honeyeaters are often present.

A star attraction of Kumul is the ghost-like Lesser Melampitta, one of only two members of its family, which we can expect to see as well as hear. Additional star attractions are the gorgeous but poisonous Blue-capped Ifrit, now a monotypic bird family, and the strange Wattled Ploughbill (likewise now treated as a monotypic family).

Another special bird at Kumul is the rare Mottled Berryhunter (the former Mottled Whistler, now treated as a monotypic family). We will definitely be making an effort to find this key species and we have a fairly good chance of an encounter while at Kumul.

Other specialities of Kumul include Crested Satinbird (there is often a male that frequents the lodge), Rufescent Imperial Pigeon, Mountain (or Elfin) Myzomela and Ornate Melidectes

The nightbirds that frequent Kumul Lodge are another prime reason for our visit. As the day draws to a close we have a good chance of encountering the pair of New Guinea Woodcocks that shuffle out from their daytime hiding places to feed around the camp. There is occasionally a pair of Mountain Owlet-Nightjars in residence and Greater Sooty Owl may also be found. Archbold’s (or Mountain) Nightjars used to perch on the lodge buildings and could start doing so again, or be found not far away.

Kumul is a wonderful place for birds-of-paradise and we should also encounter Loria’s Satinbird and the amazing King of Saxony Birds-of-paradise with its fantastically long head-plumes that look like strange antennae. We will also visit a patch of remnant forest in order to see Lesser Bird-of-paradise and visit a hillside where Blue Bird-of-paradise can be seen and where Greater Lophorina can be watched fanning its strange collar. In addition, we will check out grassland areas that are favoured by Yellow-breasted Bowerbirds.

Amongst the many other birds we may well find while based at Kumul, as we search the mossy forest, gullies with epiphyte-encrusted trees and rocks, and grasslands and mixed agricultural habitats, are Papuan Harrier, Bar-tailed (or Black-billed) Cuckoo-Dove, White-bibbed (or Mountain) Fruit Dove, Fan-tailed Cuckoo, Mountain Swiftlet, Plum-faced, Papuan, Yellow-billed and Orange-billed Lorikeets, White-shouldered Fairywren, Rufous-backed, Black-throated and Marbled Honeyeaters, Mountain Mouse-warbler, Large and Papuan Scrubwrens, Brown-breasted Gerygone, Fan-tailed, Tit and Crested Berrypeckers, Black-breasted Boatbill, Long-tailed Shrike, Black-bellied Cuckooshrike, Brown-backed, Regent and Black-headed Whistlers, Dimorphic and Black Fantails, Black Monarch, Black-throated and Slaty (or Blue-grey) Robins, the cute Canary Flyrobin, Island Leaf Warbler, Papuan Grassbird, Mountain Firetail, Blue-faced Parrotfinch, Hooded Mannikin and Australian Pipit.

We should also come across some of the more uncommon or more difficult to find species of the area, which include another bird-of-paradise, Short-tailed Paradigalla, as well as Brown Goshawk, Brown Quail, Forbes’s Forest Rail, Rufous-throated Bronze Cuckoo, Modest Tiger Parrot, Goldie’s Lorikeet, Mountain Kingfisher, Macgregor’s Bowerbird, Yellowish-streaked Honeyeater, Olive Straightbill, Mid-mountain Berrypecker, and Ashy and Garnet Robins.

Papua New Guinea: Day 14  Today we take a short flight to the Tari Valley, where we will stay for four nights at the famous Ambua Lodge, the only high-quality accommodation in the Tari area. We should arrive in time for some initial exploration of this unforgettable area.

Papua New Guinea: Days 15-16  Until the 1930s, the highlands of New Guinea were thought to be uninhabited, and so the discovery by some intrepid European gold miners of a large human population numbering over a million people living in stone-age conditions in total isolation from the rest of the world was one of the great discoveries of the century. Even today areas such as Tari are little touched by the outside world, despite the construction of a road from Mount Hagen. The Tari Valley itself is populated by the Huli tribe, best known for their famous ‘wigmen’ cult, and much is cultivated, but the fringes of the valley and the surrounding mountains are still covered in virgin forest which stretches away in all directions.

Soon after our pioneering visit in August 1986, Tari moved to the forefront of ornithology in Papua New Guinea as the place offering the most exciting highland birding in the country. The principal habitat is the magnificent, moss-encrusted forest dominated by oaks and southern beeches that extends from about 6900ft (2100m) to the Tari Gap at about 9200ft (2800m). Here the forest gives way to grasslands, punctuated by dome-like peaks covered in scrub and frequently wreathed in cloud. Below our lodge the unbroken forest gives way to a mosaic of grassland, cultivation and patches of woodland.

The star attraction of Tari is its unequalled variety of birds of paradise. Around the lodge, we should encounter Loria’s Satinbird and the odd-looking Short-tailed Paradigalla (we found the first-ever nest of this little-known bird in 1986 in a pandanus at Tari!), whilst on the slopes of Mount Kerewa higher up we will look for the beautiful Princess Stephanie’s Astrapia, the amazing King of Saxony Birds-of-paradise with its fantastically long head-plumes that look like strange antennae. Lower down, at the edge of the Tari Valley, we will search fruiting trees for Lawes’s Parotia, and we will have another chance for the stunning Blue Bird-of-paradise. Just after dawn, the spectacular Black Sicklebill may show off its remarkable display along the forest edge.

Additional star attractions are the gorgeous but poisonous Blue-capped Ifrit, now a monotypic bird family, and the strange Wattled Ploughbill (likewise now treated as a monotypic family). We also have a second chance here for the rare Mottled Berryhunter.

Amongst the many other birds that we may find as we search the mossy forest, a deep gorge with epiphyte-encrusted trees and rocks, the grasslands and the mixed habitats of the valley floor are Papuan Harrier, Black-mantled Goshawk, Brown Falcon, Oriental Hobby, Brown Quail, Buff-banded Rail, Great and Bar-tailed (or Black-billed) Cuckoo-Doves, White-bibbed (or Mountain, or White-breasted) Fruit Dove, Papuan Mountain Pigeon, Red-breasted Pygmy Parrot, Goldie’s, Papuan (or Stella’s), Plum-faced, Yellow-billed and Orange-billed Lorikeets, Papuan King and Blue-collared Parrots, Fan-tailed Cuckoo, Rufous-throated Bronze Cuckoo, Greater Sooty Owl (usually at a daytime roost), Mountain and Glossy Swiftlets, and Mountain Kingfisher.

OPasserines include Australasian Pipit, Black-shouldered (or Papuan) Cicadabird, Hooded and Black-bellied Cuckoo-Shrikes, Long-tailed Shrike, the retiring Papuan (or New Guinea) Logrunner, Papuan Grassbird (split from Tawny), Island Leaf Warbler, White-shouldered Fairy-wren, Mountain Mouse-warbler, Large, Buff-faced and Papuan Scrubwrens, Grey Thornbill (formerly Grey Gerygone), Brown-breasted Gerygone, Dimorphic and Black Fantails, Black Monarch, Black-breasted Boatbill, the cute Canary Flyrobin (or Canary Flycatcher), Black-throated and Blue-grey Robins, Sclater’s, Regent, Brown-backed and Black-headed Whistlers, Black Pitohui, Papuan Treecreeper, Papuan (split from Varied) and Black Sittellas, Mid-mountain, Fan-tailed, Tit and Crested Berrypeckers, Capped (or Western Mountain) White-eye, Black-throated, Marbled and Rufous-backed Honeyeaters, Mountain Honeyeaters (or Mountain Meliphaga), Yellow-browed Melidectes, Mountain Peltops, Black Butcherbird, Great Woodswallow, Blue-faced Parrotfinch, Hooded Mannikin, Mountain Firetail and the shy Archbold’s and Macgregor’s Bowerbirds.

The magnificent Papuan (or New Guinea Harpy) Eagle can be found in this area, although this very secretive bird is often easier to hear than to see. If we are fortunate we will come across some of the other difficult to find species of the area, which include Meyer’s Goshawk, Chestnut and Forbes’s Forest Rails, Painted, Modest and Madarasz’s Tiger Parrots, Spotted Jewel-babbler, Ashy and Lesser Ground Robins, Olive Straightbill, Spotted Berrypecker and Papuan Parrotfinch.

At night we will go out in search of Papuan Boobook, Archbold’s Nightjar and other nightbirds. If we have particularly good luck we will find a Rufous Owl or a Feline Owlet-Nightjar.

Provided it is possible to arrange, those that are interested can take some time off from birding to see the Huli ‘wigmen’ prepare themselves for a traditional ‘singsing’, elaborately painting themselves in a manner that transforms man into art before donning their magnificent wigs decorated with birds-of-paradise and parrot plumes. As you watch their exuberant, rhythmic dancing you will be conscious that only three generations ago this was a stone-age, warrior society completely unaware of our existence.

Papua New Guinea: Day 17  After some final birding at Tari we will take a flight to Port Moresby for an overnight stay.

Papua New Guinea: Day 18  The main section of our Classic Papua New Guinea birding tour ends this morning at Port Moresby.


Papua New Guinea (New Britain): Day 1  The extension begins with a morning flight from Port Moresby in ‘mainland’ Papua New Guinea to the small town of Hoskins on the island of New Britain for a four nights stay at nearby Kimbe Bay. Later we will begin our exploration of this interesting island with its many special birds.

Papua New Guinea (New Britain): Days 2-4  New Britain, the largest island of the Bismarck Archipelago, has the richest avifauna of any island in the Southwest Pacific (excluding New Guinea itself of course). Many of the species that we will see are either endemic to New Britain alone or to the Bismarck archipelago as a whole (and sometimes the Solomon Islands also). We shall explore the patches of rainforest that are still to be found amongst the vast oil-palm plantations. The huge trees harbour many spectacular pigeons and parrots, and several species may be seen feeding in the same fruiting trees.

Imperial pigeons are very well represented; Yellowish (or Yellowish-tinted) restrict themselves to the coastline, whilst the numerous Red-knobbed is more catholic, occurring throughout the forest, and Island is, as the name suggests, most common on offshore islands. Two foothill species range down to the adjacent lowland forest; the scarce Black (or Bismarck) is a canopy frequenting species that we rarely encounter, while the secretive Finsch’s keeps inside the canopy and is difficult to locate except by its distinctive call.

The fruit doves are represented by Knob-billed, closely related to the Orange-bellied of the mainland, whilst the rarely-seen Yellow-bibbed is a largely ‘small island’ form related to White-bibbed. Mackinlay’s Cuckoo-Dove favours edges, while Pied Cuckoo-Dove is a fairly scarce forest interior inhabitant and the diminutive terrestrial White-breasted Ground Dove also occur amidst the gloom but is often very difficult to find. Noisy Blue-eyed Cockatoos are one of the most conspicuous parrots and Purple-bellied (or Eastern Black-capped) Lories are also numerous. Strikingly large Great Flying Foxes can be seen flapping and gliding lazily overhead.

Other species we may well encounter include in this interesting part of Papua New Guinea include Melanesian Megapode (or Melanesian Scrubfowl), Black Bittern, Variable Goshawk (commoner here than anywhere we visit on the mainland), Oriental Hobby, Buff-banded Rail, White-browed Crake, Violaceous and White-necked (or Pied) Coucals, New Britain Boobook, White-rumped Swiftlet, Black-capped (or Black-headed) Paradise Kingfisher, Melanesian and Common Kingfishers, New Britain Dwarf Kingfisher, the tiny Buff-faced Pygmy Parrot, Song Parrot, Ashy and Black-bellied Myzomelas, New Britain Friarbird, Bismarck Whistler, Northern Fantail, Black-tailed (or Bismarck Pied) Monarch, Velvet (or Dull) Flycatcher, Bismarck (or Island) Crow, Australian Reed Warbler, Golden-headed Cisticola, Red-banded Flowerpecker, Olive-backed (or Yellow-bellied) Sunbird, Buff-bellied Mannikin and Long-tailed Myna.

We should also find a few of the more uncommon birds of the area, which include King Quail, Black Honey Buzzard, Pink-legged (or New Britain) Rail, Bronze Ground Dove, Shining Bronze Cuckoo, Bismarck Hanging Parrot, White-mantled (or New Britain) Kingfisher, Bismarck Pitta, Common Cicadabird and Bismarck White-eye. In recent times we have seen the rare, beautiful and little-known Golden Masked Owl on a number of occasions in the Walindi area, so we will hope this good fortune continues.

We will also travel by boat out to one of the small offshore islands to look for the spectacular Nicobar Pigeon, Beach Kingfisher, Mangrove Golden Whistler and two small-island ‘tramp’ species, Island Monarch and the lovely Sclater’s Myzomela.

White-bellied Sea-Eagles loaf around the islands and we should also find Lesser (and perhaps Greater) Frigatebirds, Brown Booby, Pacific Reef Heron, Eastern Osprey, Greater Crested, Black-naped and perhaps Common Terns, and Black Noddy. (Visits in August/September may also turn up migrant shorebirds such as Pacific Golden Plover, Whimbrel, Grey-tailed Tattler and Ruddy Turnstone.) Even the little-known Beck’s Petrel and Heinroth’s Shearwater have been seen on rare occasions in the bay.

Papua New Guinea (New Britain): Day 5  Today we will take a morning flight back to Port Moresby, where the tour ends.


by János Oláh

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Other New Guinea birding tours by Birdquest include: