14 - 27 October / 4 November 2022

by János Oláh

Peru is a one of those magical places where birders must return! This is not surprising, as over 1850 bird species have been recorded, of which 128 are endemic and several repeated visits are needed to see the special birds of this amazingly diverse and spectacular country. Most of the endemics are found in the Andes but a selection of special birds can be seen in the lowlands too. Our Iquitos tour concentrates on some of these sough-after lowland birds in some superb untouched Amazonian forests. On this remarkable tour we visit several lodges along the Amazonas and Napo Rivers and as a unique feature we only use land transportation for a few hours on the entire tour! The exciting birds, the various lodges (in location and standard), the river cruises, the lack of long road journeys and the canopy walkway makes this tour so very different from all others. A real wilderness experience! Our 2022 tour recorded 407 species in two weeks, which included a long list of goodies. We also had 29 species of mammals during our time in the Amazon. The two flagship species of this tour are the Wattled and Nocturnal Curassows. Two ‘chickens’ that are hard to find on any other tours while we regularly see them on this Iquitos birding experience. It was no different this year, where, with hard work, we managed to find both of these sought-after birds as well as some other exciting species like Black-banded Crake, Buckley’s Forest-Falcon, Brown-banded Puffbird, Scarlet-crowned Barbet, Plain-breasted Piculet, Festive Amazon, Short-tailed Parrot, Spot-throated and Zimmer’s Woodcreepers, Bay Hornero, Red-and-white and Parker’s Spinetails, Black Bushbird, Ancient and Dugand’s Antwrens, Black-and-white, Black-tailed, Ash-breasted and White-plumed Antbirds, Chestnut-belted Gnateater, Lesser Wagtail Tyrant, Black-and-white Tody-Flycatcher, Orange-eyed Flatbill, Cinnamon Neopipo, Citron-bellied Attila, Black-necked Red and Plum-throated Cotingas, Saffron-crested Tyrant-Manakin, Collared Gnatwren, Iquitos Gnatcatcher, Varzea Thrush, Pearly-breasted and Bicolored Conebills and White-bellied Dacnis.

Our optional short extension to the Peruvian Andes was yet another and a totally different experience! We were birding around the famous Cusco in ancient Inca territory. This area holds a remarkable number of special birds and we were to seek out as many as we could. Amongst all the endemic birds of this scenic area, the Royal Cinclodes is the flagship species and everybody associate this critically endangered bird with Cusco. It was a greatly successful extension as we managed to see several of these rare birds in 2022 extension as well as recorded 231 species which included 24 other Peruvian endemics such as Bearded Mountaineer, White-tufted Sunbeam, Green-and-white Hummingbird, Apurimac Pygmy Owl, White-browed Tit-Spinetail, Pale-tailed and Junin Canastero, Vilcabamba Thistletail, Marcapata, Creamy-crested and Apurimac Spinetails, Creamy-bellied Antwren, Red-and-white and Urubamba Antpittas, Vilcabamba and Ampay Tapaculos, Unstreaked Tit-Tyrant, Masked Fruiteater, Inca Wren, Apurimac and Cuzco Brushfinches, White-browed and Parodi’s Hemispinguses and Chestnut-breasted Mountain Finch.

Our main tour started in Iquitos airport and we made our way to the port where we transferred to a boat and were soon off along the mighty Amazonas! After a few hours we stopped for some initial birding at a mature river island which yielded some great stuff like Dark-billed and Little Cuckoos, White-eared Jacamar, Chestnut-capped Puffbird, Scarlet-crowned Barbet, Plain-breasted Piculet, Castelnau’s Antshrike and Black-tailed Antbird. When we arrived to Explorama, our first lodge it started to rain and our afternoon was mostly washed away. A little stroll around the lodge produced Yellow-crowned Elaenia. Early next morning we started with a canopy dwelling Black-banded Owl and a fine Tawny-bellied Screech Owl. After breakfast we tracked down Black-spotted Bare-eye, White-bearded Hermit, Orange-eyed Flatbill and Slate-coloured Hawk while on Yanamono Island we found Zimmer’s Woodcreeper, Orange-fronted Plushcrown and Leaden Antwren. We were back to another boat and made our way towards Explornapo Lodge which meant we forked off from the Amazonas onto the Napo River. A few island stops produced a few regular island birds but nothing special. After a late lunch in Explornapo and a bit of rearrangements of our luggage’s we started to walk into the ACTS Field Station (Amazon Conservatory of Tropical Studies) where we were spending a few days!

ACTS has a great network of trails, a canopy walkway and some great terra firme habitat. The lodge is rather basic but adequate, and you are right in the jungle! Our short afternoon walk from Explornapo to the station was easy and although Amazonian birding is rather slow, we managed to find a few goodies like Spotted Puffbird, Black Bushbird, Dot-backed and White-plumed Antbirds, Black-and-white Tody-Flycatcher and Wire-tailed Manakin. After arrival we settled in for dinner and we made a plan! The guides were due to go out and look for the mythical Nocturnal Curassow after dinner and in case of success come and get the group. It was a good plan and saved hours of standing around at night for clients. Our first night yielded no real success in terms of the curassow, it only called once and rather distantly. Early next morning we were up on the canopy walkway which has several platforms and around 500 meter long, but essentially it is like a canopy tower experience! It was a fine overcast morning so activity was longer than usual. Around the main (highest) platform luckily, we had a fruiting tree and it made the trick! It was an action-packed morning in the Amazonian rainforest canopy with highlights being Black-bellied Cuckoo, Tui Parakeet, Black-headed Parrot, Yellow-throated Woodpecker, Duida Woodcreeper, Dugand’s Antwren, White-browed Purpletuft, Lawrence’s Thrush and best of all a party of five White-bellied Dacnis! Later we explored the trails around the lodge which yielded White-cheeked Antbird, Chestnut-belted Gnateater, Brownish Twistwing and Fulvous Shrike Tanager. In the evening we had the same schedule, the guides were out looking for the curassow. The second night was even quieter and no Nocturnal Curassow was heard at all. On our second and last full day at this wonderful location we started along the trails and were looking for Black-necked Red Cotinga but unfortunately, we have not had a sniff all morning. There were bits and bops like Yellow-browed and Slate-coloured Antbirds, Double-banded Pygmy-Tyrant and Collared Gnatwren while the afternoon visit to the canopy walkway was quiet though we did hear both Lined and Buckley’s Forest Falcon at dusk so the morning plan was quickly formed. We (guides) were out again on the last night and this time took a very different trail towards where we suspected the curassow was calling on our first night. It was quiet standing around for hours but then around midnight a Nocturnal Curassow started calling. The next few minutes were crucial and the chase was on. Eventually we located two Nocturnal Curassows roosting side by side, pffuuu what a relief it was. Not much later the group was watching these amazing and really sought-after birds as well. We did it! After a long night out, we were back on the canopy walkway next morning and soon Buckley’s Forest-Falcon was fixed in the scope! Frustratingly Black-necked Red Cotinga was calling right below us just where were searching for it yesterday morning but now out of our reach from the canopy. After a well-deserved breakfast we slowly walked out of ACTS towards Explornapo seeing Rusty-breasted Nunlet, Yellow-billed Jacamar, Spot-throated Woodcreeper and Golden-crowned Spadebill on the way.

Our exploration around Explornapo started this afternoon with a boat journey to a nearby lagoon where we stayed until dusk. The afternoon boat ride gave us five species of kingfishers, White-chinned Jacamar, Short-tailed Parrot and Velvet-fronted Grackles apart from the usual varzea birds. A Short-tailed Nighthawk was flying around at dusk but the hoped-for Zigzag Heron never called. The following two day we were searching for birds on various river islands on the Napo River with various successional stage. The habitat and the birdlife are different on islands with grassy and bushy cover from those with proper tree cover. Throughout our stay we managed to track down Ladder-tailed Nightjar, Olive-spotted Hummingbird, Grey-breasted Crake, Plain-breasted Piculet, White-bellied and Red-and-white Spinetails, Lesser Hornero, Black-and-white and Ash-breasted Antbirds, Amazonian Umbrellabird and Pearly-breasted Conebill amongst the more common inhabitants. Though our primary target, the localized Bay Hornero remained heard only after much search. Our transfer day started with a boat ride back to the Amazonas and onto Iquitos.

Our next port of call was Muyuna Lodge with some holds superb varzea forest south of the Amazonas. From Iquitos we took a bus and then another boat along the Amazonas again, and finally smaller boat into the lodge. In the afternoon and our initial walk on some trails gave us Black-tailed Trogon and fantastic Eastern Pygmy Marmosets. Early next morning we were on our quest to find Wattled Curassow, the reason of our visit! Massive flocky of parrots and parakeets flew over us while we were cruising the lagoon. We explored a remote trail and located a pair of curassows very soon but they were quick and shy so only some of us got to see it properly. It was frustrating to say the least but we were soon back to our boat and continued cruising along channels. Luckily a male Wattled Curassow was spotted and we could all see it well enough, but it was somewhat distant. The rest of the day was spent along trails while in the late afternoon we searched unsuccessfully for the curassow along some different channels. The following day we left early to explore some more river islands for our missing targets. River islands change quickly but we selected one with lots of Tessaria bushes and we were definitely picked the right island and finally managed to locate Parker’s, White-bellied and Red-and-white Spinetails, River Tyrannulet, Lesser Wagtail Tyrant, Riverside Tyrant and Bicolored Conebill. A different island eventually produced Bay Hornero and some other goodies like Tui Parakeet and Orange-headed Tanager. Back around the lodge we picked up Saturnine and Bluish-slate Antshrikes, Moustached Antwren, Cinnamon-rumped Foliage-gleaner and Elegant Woodcreeper. Mammals were also a highlight of this day with a superb Thomas’s Silky Anteater predawn and Juruá Red Howler Monkey in the afternoon. Our last morning, we were back to search for curassows and this time we got lucky and had excellent close looks of a fine male Wattled Curassow. Fantastic! This was followed by a walk in varzea forest which was really birdy! We saw several Undulated Tinamous – and even found the nest of one – while more sought-after birds included Black-banded Crake, Spectacled Owl, Bar-breasted Piculet, Band-tailed Antbird, Amazonian Royal Flycatcher, Speckle Spinetail and Varzea Thrush. After this great morning we had to leave this fantastic area and make our way back all the way to Iquitos. In the last hour of the day, we managed to find Black-crested Antshrike near town.

Our last two days were spent in the Mishana-Allpahuayo Reserve not far from town which has fantastic white sand forest. Such habitat holds a variety of special birds but we had to work hard for each one of them! One sad result was not being able to find Allpahuayo Antbird even though we tried all three territories which used to hold this endemic bird. Certainly, Birdquest has not been seeing this bird at this location for years and now it seems there are no confirmed recent records. Still, we had explored the trail system and the jeep track and managed to find some great birds like Paradise Jacamar, Brown-banded Puffbird, Yellow-billed Nunbird, Ruddy Spinetail, Pearly Antshrike, Ancient Antwren, Rufous-tailed Flatbill, Citron-bellied Attila, Amazonian Royal Flycatcher, Iquitos Gnatcatcher, Black-necked Red Cotinga, Cinnamon Neopipo and Saffron-crested Tyrant-Manakin. All in all, we had an action-packed birding holiday in the Amazon, exploring the amazingly diverse habitats. It is also hard work with the heat and all the skulkers. In 2022 the weather was kind to us and we lost little time due to rain however it has been a rather dry summer which really affected the birdlife. After the main tour we said goodbye to some of the tour members while others continued on a completely different birding experience with our extension to the Andes around Cusco!

After flying back to Lima, we took another flight to Cusco where we spent the first night. It was distinctly cooler temperature than in Iquitos and this was a welcome change! Early morning, we were off towards Mollepata. Along the way we have visited a small lagoon as an introduction to high Andean birding. Many-colored Rush Tyrant and Wren-like Rushbird were seen and some scarce migrant waders like Wilson’s phalarope and Baird’s Sandpiper. Our next stop was in a dry habitat where the specialties started to fall as we first found Pale-tailed Canastero of the usheri race and then we had walk-away views of Apurimac Pygmy Owl. Supporting cast was smart White-eared Puffbird and both Giant and White-bellied Hummingbirds. Our first of many picnic lunches was supplemented by Creamy-crested Spinetail and Rust-and-yellow Tanager in the nearby bushes. Our afternoon along the Soraypampa road was also very productive with several endemics such as White-tufted Sunbeam, Vilcabamba Tapaculo, Apurimac Spinetail and Apurimac Brushfinch giving superb looks. What an excellent first day on the field!

Next day we had made our way towards Curahusai and spent most of the day above 3600 meter along the Huanipaca road. In the early morning when the sunshine started to warm up the hillside we were scanning from a viewpoint where Ornate Tinamou, Rusty-fronted Canastero, Stripe-headed Antpitta and Chestnut-breasted Mountain-Finch was seen as well as a fine Andean Fox too. Later in the various little gullies we found our main target, the endemic Ampay Tapaculo as well as many more widespread species. On the way back to Mollepata at dusk we found Koepcke’s Screech Owl easily and they gave wonderful views. This is the hockingi race in this part of Peru and who knows one day might even be split

Leaving Mollepata behind we had some distance to cover towards Ollantaytambo which is the main hub for all tourist visiting the Machu Picchu. During the drive however we were looking for hummingbirds at flowering bushes and at a lovely hummingbird garden. The best one was definitely a stunning male Bearded Mountaineer allowing excellent prolonged looks while feeding but we also had Giant Hummingbird, Shining and White-tufted Sunbeams, Green-tailed Trainbearer, Tyrian Metaltail, Great Sapphirewing and Green-and-white Hummingbird just to name but a few. After lunch and a delicious ice cream in town we drove up towards Abra Malaga Pass to have an initial exploration. Things were quiet but this was real high elevation birding where it was raining at one minute and then sunshine in another. Junin and Streak-throated Canasteros eventually showed pretty well and a fine Blue-mantled Thornbill was a great bonus. Next day was our hiking day and we needed good weather. This was exactly what we had, sunshine and not much wind. How lucky we were on this day with the weather was mentioned several times during the next days to come! It was not only the weather but the birds were performing as well, just as it was prearranged for us. We had three different Royal Cinclodes and seen a pair doing its display. This bird is the flagship species of the area and symbol of the protection of Polylepis forest and needless to say we were very happy to get such a looks. We also had Puna Tapaculo, Tawny and White-browed Tit-Spinetails, the rare and localised Ash-breasted Tit-Tyrant, Taczanowski’s Ground Tyrant, D’Orbigny’s Chat-Tyrant and Giant Conebill. It was a long and trying day with only a short bird list but a real highlight of the entire extension! The following day we were back to Abra Malaga Pass and birded all the way the down the western slope. This was probably the most productive day of the extension with around 80 species recorded. We had many roadside stops and this was classic Andean birding at its best. The highlights of the day included Scaled Metaltail, Violet-throated Starfrontlet, Puna Thistletail, the nominate race of Marcapata Spinetail, Red-and-white and Urubamba Antpittas, Creamy-bellied Antwren, Unstreaked Tit-Tyrant, Kalinowski’s Chat-Tyrant, Pale-footed Swallow, Inca Wren, Cuzco Brushfinch, Parodi’s and White-browed Hemispinguses and Chestnut-bellied Mountain Tanager.

The following day we climbed above Pucyura to the Inca Tambo area in search for some more localised birds. It was slow going and often misty but again persistence paid off and we located several Vilcabamba Thistletails and even found the rarely seen weskei race of the Marcapata Spinetail. Mission completed we slowly made our way back all the way to Quillabamba. In the afternoon roadside stops gave us Wattled Guan, cracking displaying Andean Cock-of-the-Rocks and Ocellated Piculet. Next day was the last full birding day on the extension and we were due to search for our remaining targets. This morning we drove to a patch of cloud forest where we had Brown Tinamou, Versicoloured Barbet, Blue-banded Toucanet, a pair of Masked Fruiteaters, White-eared Solitaire, a pair of Slaty Tanagers and a male Golden-collared Honeycreeper. Cracking birds one after another! It was time to retrace our steps back towards Abra Malaga where Yungas Pygmy Owl, Trilling Tapaculo, Superciliaried Hemispingus and the really smart Golden-collared Tanagers were seen in the afternoon. Next morning once again we had to cross over the Abra Malaga Pass which gave the opportunity to look for Diademed Tapaculo and this time we were lucky and one showed mercy to us and hopped around the mossy branches. Following this we had a few hours’ drive and had to negotiate the traffic in Cusco but made it to the airport in time where our short but really successful extension ended!



1st: Nocturnal Curassow

2nd: Wattled Curassow

3rd: Buckley’s Forest Falcon

4th: Black-necked Red Cotinga

5th: Bay Hornero



1st: Royal Cinclodes

2nd: Bearded Mountaineer

3rd: Parodi’s Hemispingus




White-throated Tinamou  Tinamus guttatus  Heard only.

Cinereous Tinamou  Crypturellus cinereus  Heard only.

Little Tinamou  Crypturellus soui

Undulated Tinamou  Crypturellus undulatus

Horned Screamer  Anhima cornuta

Black-bellied Whistling Duck  Dendrocygna autumnalis

Muscovy Duck  Cairina moschata

Speckled Chachalaca  Ortalis guttata

Spix’s Guan  Penelope jacquacu  Heard only.

Nocturnal Curassow ◊  Nothocrax urumutum  A pair was eventually tracked down and seen at ACTS. Tour highlight!

Wattled Curassow ◊  Crax globulosa  Total of four were seen at Muyuna Lodge. Tour highlight! Endangered.

Short-tailed Nighthawk (Semi-collared N)  Lurocalis semitorquatus

Pauraque (Common P)  Nyctidromus albicollis

Ladder-tailed Nightjar  Hydropsalis climacocerca

Great Potoo  Nyctibius grandis

Common Potoo  Nyctibius griseus

Grey-rumped Swift  Chaetura cinereiventris

Short-tailed Swift  Chaetura brachyura

Fork-tailed Palm Swift (Fork-tailed P-S)  Tachornis squamata

Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift  Panyptila cayennensis

White-necked Jacobin  Florisuga mellivora

Rufous-breasted Hermit (Hairy H)  Glaucis hirsutus

Reddish Hermit  Phaethornis ruber

White-bearded Hermit  Phaethornis hispidus

Black-eared Fairy  Heliothryx auritus

Black-throated Mango  Anthracothorax nigricollis

Fork-tailed Woodnymph  Thalurania furcata

Olive-spotted Hummingbird  Talaphorus chlorocercus

Glittering-throated Emerald  Chionomesa fimbriata

Greater Ani  Crotophaga major

Smooth-billed Ani  Crotophaga ani

Striped Cuckoo  Tapera naevia

Little Cuckoo  Coccycua minuta

Squirrel Cuckoo  Piaya cayana

Black-bellied Cuckoo  Piaya melanogaster

Dark-billed Cuckoo  Coccyzus melacoryphus

Yellow-billed Cuckoo  Coccyzus americanus

Rock Dove (introduced)  Columba livia

Pale-vented Pigeon  Patagioenas cayennensis

Plumbeous Pigeon  Patagioenas plumbea

Ruddy Pigeon  Patagioenas subvinacea  Heard only.

Ruddy Ground Dove  Columbina talpacoti

Blue Ground Dove  Claravis pretiosa

White-tipped Dove  Leptotila verreauxi

Grey-fronted Dove  Leptotila rufaxilla

Grey-cowled Wood Rail  Aramides calopterus  Heard only.

Purple Gallinule (American P G)  Porphyrio martinica

Grey-breasted Crake  Laterallus exilis  Great looks on the river islands.

Black-banded Crake ◊  Laterallus fasciatus  A shy pair was seen by some of us at Muyuna Lodge.

Limpkin  Aramus guarauna

Black-necked Stilt  Himantopus mexicanus

Collared Plover  Charadrius collaris

Wattled Jacana  Jacana jacana

Pectoral Sandpiper  Calidris melanotos

Spotted Sandpiper  Actitis macularius

Solitary Sandpiper  Tringa solitaria

Lesser Yellowlegs  Tringa flavipes

Black Skimmer  Rynchops niger

Yellow-billed Tern (Amazonian T)  Sternula superciliaris

Large-billed Tern  Phaetusa simplex

Wood Stork  Mycteria americana

Neotropic Cormorant (Olivaceous C)  Nannopterum brasilianum

Green Ibis  Mesembrinibis cayennensis

Rufescent Tiger Heron  Tigrisoma lineatum

Boat-billed Heron  Cochlearius cochlearius

Black-crowned Night Heron  Nycticorax nycticorax

Striated Heron  Butorides striata

Western Cattle Egret  Bubulcus ibis

Cocoi Heron (White-necked H)  Ardea cocoi

Great Egret (American E)  Ardea [alba] egretta

Capped Heron  Pilherodius pileatus

Snowy Egret  Egretta thula

Black Vulture  Coragyps atratus

Turkey Vulture  Cathartes aura

Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture  Cathartes burrovianus

Greater Yellow-headed Vulture  Cathartes melambrotus

Osprey  Pandion haliaetus

Grey-headed Kite  Leptodon cayanensis

Swallow-tailed Kite (American S-t K)  Elanoides forficatus

Black Hawk-Eagle  Spizaetus tyrannus  Heard only.

Double-toothed Kite  Harpagus bidentatus

Plumbeous Kite  Ictinia plumbea

Black-collared Hawk  Busarellus nigricollis

Snail Kite  Rostrhamus sociabilis

Slate-coloured Hawk  Buteogallus schistaceus

Great Black Hawk  Buteogallus urubitinga

Roadside Hawk  Rupornis magnirostris

Short-tailed Hawk  Buteo brachyurus

Ferruginous Pygmy Owl  Glaucidium brasilianum  It was seen at Explorama and in the Muyuna Lodge area.

Tropical Screech Owl  Megascops choliba  It was seen at Explorama and in the Muyuna Lodge area.

Tawny-bellied Screech Owl ◊ (Northern T-b S O)  Megascops [watsonii] watsonii  Great looks at Explorama.

Spectacled Owl  Pulsatrix perspicillata  An adult and a juvenile were seen in the Muyuna Lodge area.

Crested Owl  Lophostrix cristata  Heard only.

Black-banded Owl  Strix huhula  Great looks at Explorama.

Black-tailed Trogon  Trogon melanurus

Green-backed Trogon (Amazonian White-tailed T)  Trogon viridis

Blue-crowned Trogon  Trogon curucui

Collared Trogon  Trogon collaris

Amazon Kingfisher  Chloroceryle amazona

American Pygmy Kingfisher  Chloroceryle aenea

Green Kingfisher  Chloroceryle americana

Green-and-rufous Kingfisher  Chloroceryle inda

Ringed Kingfisher  Megaceryle torquata

Amazonian Motmot  Momotus momota  Heard only.

Rufous Motmot  Baryphthengus martii  Heard only.

White-eared Jacamar  Galbalcyrhynchus leucotis

Yellow-billed Jacamar ◊ (Cerise-crowned J)  Galbula [albirostris] chalcocephala

White-chinned Jacamar  Galbula tombacea

Bluish-fronted Jacamar  Galbula cyanescens

Purplish Jacamar ◊  Galbula chalcothorax

Paradise Jacamar  Galbula dea

White-necked Puffbird  Notharchus hyperrhynchus

Brown-banded Puffbird ◊  Notharchus ordii  A pair of this localized white-sand forest species was seen in the Mishana-Allpahuayo Reserve.

Pied Puffbird  Notharchus tectus

Chestnut-capped Puffbird  Bucco macrodactylus

Spotted Puffbird  Bucco tamatia

White-chested Puffbird ◊  Malacoptila fusca  Heard only, at ACTS.

Rufous-necked Puffbird ◊  Malacoptila rufa  Heard only, in the Muyuna Lodge area.

Lanceolated Monklet ◊  Micromonacha lanceolate  Heard only, at ACTS.

Rusty-breasted Nunlet  Nonnula rubecula  Two were seen at ACTS.

Black-fronted Nunbird  Monasa nigrifrons

White-fronted Nunbird  Monasa morphoeus

Yellow-billed Nunbird  Monasa flavirostris

Swallow-winged Puffbird (Swallow-wing)  Chelidoptera tenebrosa

Scarlet-crowned Barbet ◊  Capito aurovirens  Excellent looks on some river islands.

Gilded Barbet  Capito auratus

Lemon-throated Barbet  Eubucco richardsoni  Heard only.

Lettered Aracari  Pteroglossus inscriptus

Ivory-billed Aracari  Pteroglossus azara

Chestnut-eared Aracari  Pteroglossus castanotis

Many-banded Aracari  Pteroglossus pluricinctus

Golden-collared Toucanet  Selenidera reinwardtii  Heard only.

Channel-billed Toucan  Ramphastos vitellinus

White-throated Toucan (W-breasted T, Red-billed T)  Ramphastos tucanus

Bar-breasted Piculet  Picumnus aurifrons  Three were seen in a mixed flock in Muyuna Lodge area.

Plain-breasted Piculet ◊  Picumnus castelnau  Many excellent looks on river islands.

Yellow-tufted Woodpecker  Melanerpes cruentatus

Little Woodpecker  Veniliornis passerinus

Yellow-throated Woodpecker  Piculus flavigula  Magical looks from the ACTS canopy walkway.

Spot-breasted Woodpecker (S-b Flicker)  Colaptes punctigula

Scaly-breasted Woodpecker  Celeus grammicus

Chestnut Woodpecker  Celeus elegans

Cream-colored Woodpecker  Celeus flavus

Ringed Woodpecker  Celeus torquatus

Lineated Woodpecker  Dryocopus lineatus

Red-necked Woodpecker  Campephilus rubricollis  Heard only.

Crimson-crested Woodpecker*  Campephilus melanoleucos

Black Caracara  Daptrius ater

Red-throated Caracara  Ibycter americanus

Yellow-headed Caracara  Milvago chimachima

Laughing Falcon  Herpetotheres cachinnans

Lined Forest Falcon  Micrastur gilvicollis  Heard only.

Buckley’s Forest Falcon ◊  Micrastur mirandollei  Excellent looks of this rare bird from the ACTS canopy tower.

Bat Falcon  Falco rufigularis

Tui Parakeet  Brotogeris sanctithomae

White-winged Parakeet  Brotogeris versicolurus

Cobalt-winged Parakeet  Brotogeris cyanoptera

Orange-cheeked Parrot  Pyrilia barrabandi

Blue-headed Parrot  Pionus menstruus

Short-tailed Parrot ◊  Graydidascalus brachyurus  Good looks along the river, perhaps most abundant at Muyuna Lodge.

Festive Amazon ◊ (Southern F A)  Amazona [festiva] festiva  Eventually good looks in the Muyuna Lodge area.

Southern Mealy Amazon (S M Parrot)  Amazona farinosa

Orange-winged Amazon (O-w Parrot)  Amazona amazonica

Riparian Parrotlet ◊  Forpus crassirostris  Heard only.

Black-headed Parrot  Pionites melanocephalus

White-bellied Parrot  Pionites leucogaster

Maroon-tailed Parakeet  Pyrrhura melanura

Dusky-headed Parakeet  Aratinga weddellii

Blue-and-yellow Macaw  Ara ararauna

Scarlet Macaw  Ara macao

White-eyed Parakeet  Psittacara leucophthalmus

Spot-throated Woodcreeper ◊  Certhiasomus stictolaemus  This rare bird was seen in the ACTS area.

Olivaceous Woodcreeper  Sittasomus griseicapillus

Plain-brown Woodcreeper  Dendrocincla fuliginosa

Wedge-billed Woodcreeper  Glyphorynchus spirurus

Cinnamon-throated Woodcreeper  Dendrexetastes rufigula

Long-billed Woodcreeper  Nasica longirostris

Black-banded Woodcreeper  Dendrocolaptes picumnus   

Striped Woodcreeper  Xiphorhynchus obsoletus

Elegant Woodcreeper ◊  Xiphorhynchus elegans  Three sightings on this year’s tour.

Buff-throated Woodcreeper  Xiphorhynchus guttatus

Straight-billed Woodcreeper  Dendroplex picus

Zimmer’s Woodcreeper ◊  Dendroplex kienerii  One was seen well on Yanamono Island. Near threatened

Duida Woodcreeper ◊  Lepidocolaptes duidae  A pair was seen from the ACTS canopy tower.

Plain Xenops  Xenops minutus

Pale-legged Hornero  Furnarius leucopus

Bay Hornero ◊ (Pale-billed H)  Furnarius torridus  Hard work this year! Eventually seen a pair on a river island.

Lesser Hornero ◊  Furnarius minor  A few seen on river islands.

Cinnamon-rumped Foliage-gleaner  Philydor pyrrhodes

Chestnut-winged Hookbill  Ancistrops strigilatus

Ruddy Foliage-gleaner  Clibanornis rubiginosus

Chestnut-crowned Foliage-gleaner  Automolus rufipileatus  Heard only.

Orange-fronted Plushcrown ◊  Metopothrix aurantiaca  Great looks on a river island.

Parker’s Spinetail ◊  Cranioleuca Vulpecula  Good views on a river island near Muyuna Lodge.

Speckled Spinetail  Cranioleuca gutturata  Canopy species seen in mixed flocks in the Muyuna Lodge area.

Red-and-white Spinetail ◊  Certhiaxis mustelinus  Eventually several great looks!

White-bellied Spinetail ◊  Mazaria propinqua  Another one seen well on a river island.

Plain-crowned Spinetail  Synallaxis gujanensis  Heard only.

Dark-breasted Spinetail  Synallaxis albigularis

Ruddy Spinetail  Synallaxis rutilans  A pair of this tree-fall gap species was seen in Mishana-Allpahuayo Reserve.

Spot-winged Antshrike  Pygiptila stellaris

Black Bushbird ◊  Neoctantes niger  Excellent looks on our walk to ACTS. Great to see them feeding with those bills.

Moustached Antwren  Myrmotherula ignota

Pygmy Antwren  Myrmotherula brachyura

Amazonian Streaked Antwren  Myrmotherula multostriata

White-flanked Antwren  Myrmotherula axillaris

Grey Antwren  Myrmotherula menetriesii

Leaden Antwren ◊  Myrmotherula assimilis  Two males were seen on Yanamono Island.

Black-and-white Antbird ◊  Myrmochanes hemileucus  Great looks of this obligate river island bird.

Plain-throated Antwren  Isleria hauxwelli

Dusky-throated Antshrike  Thamnomanes ardesiacus

Saturnine Antshrike  Thamnomanes saturninus

Cinereous Antshrike  Thamnomanes caesius

Bluish-slate Antshrike  Thamnomanes schistogynus

Pearly Antshrike  Megastictus margaritatus  Beautiful bird, seen well in the Mishana-Allpahuayo Reserve.

Dugand’s Antwren ◊  Herpsilochmus dugandi  Excellent looks from the canopy walkway at ACTS.

Ancient Antwren ◊  Herpsilochmus gentryi  A canopy species seen in the Mishana-Allpahuayo Reserve.

Barred Antshrike  Thamnophilus doliatus  Heard only.

Castelnau’s Antshrike  Thamnophilus cryptoleucus

Plain-winged Antshrike (Black-capped A)  Thamnophilus schistaceus

Mouse-coloured Antshrike  Thamnophilus murinus

Amazonian Antshrike  Thamnophilus amazonicus

Black-crested Antshrike  Sakesphorus canadensis

Fasciated Antshrike  Cymbilaimus lineatus  Heard only.

Great Antshrike  Taraba major

White-plumed Antbird  Pithys albifrons

White-cheeked Antbird  Gymnopithys leucaspis

Black-spotted Bare-eye  Phlegopsis nigromaculata

Common Scale-backed Antbird  Willisornis poecilinotus

Peruvian Warbling Antbird  Hypocnemis peruviana  Heard only.

Yellow-browed Antbird  Hypocnemis hypoxantha

Riparian Antbird  Cercomacroides fuscicauda

Grey Antbird  Cercomacra cinerascens

Black-chinned Antbird  Hypocnemoides melanopogon

Band-tailed Antbird  Hypocnemoides maculicauda

Dot-backed Antbird  Hylophylax punctulatus

Silvered Antbird  Sclateria naevia

Plumbeous Antbird  Myrmelastes hyperythrus

Slate-coloured Antbird ◊  Myrmelastes schistaceus  Eventually a male gave us great looks at ACTS.

Spot-winged Antbird  Myrmelastes leucostigma  Heard only.

Black-tailed Antbird ◊  Myrmoborus melanurus  Great looks on Yanamono Island and other heard at Muyuna Lodge area. Vulnerable.

Black-faced Antbird  Myrmoborus myotherinus

Ash-breasted Antbird ◊  Myrmoborus lugubris  Shy bird but a male was seen well on a river island. Vulnerable.

White-shouldered Antbird  Akletos melanoceps

Sooty Antbird  Hafferia fortis

Rufous-capped Antthrush  Formicarius colma

Thrush-like Antpitta  Myrmothera campanisona  Heard only.

Chestnut-belted Gnateater ◊  Conopophaga aurita  Stunning bird, and we had great looks at ACTS.

Rusty-belted Tapaculo  Liosceles thoracicus  Heard only.

Wing-barred Piprites (W-b Manakin)  Piprites chloris

Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet  Tyrannulus elatus

Forest Elaenia  Myiopagis gaimardii  Heard only.

Grey Elaenia (Amazonian G E)  Myiopagis [caniceps] cinerea

Yellow-crowned Elaenia ◊  Myiopagis flavivertex  Excellent looks at this localized bird at Explorama.

White-lored Tyrannulet  Ornithion inerme

River Tyrannulet ◊  Serpophaga hypoleuca  Good views on a river island near Muyuna Lodge.

Lesser Wagtail-Tyrant ◊  Stigmatura napensis  Good views on a river island near Muyuna Lodge.

Slender-footed Tyrannulet  Zimmerius gracilipes

Ochre-bellied Flycatcher  Mionectes oleagineus

Sepia-capped Flycatcher  Leptopogon amaurocephalus

Double-banded Pygmy Tyrant  Lophotriccus vitiosus

Black-and-white Tody-Flycatcher ◊  Poecilotriccus capitalis  A pair was seen on our walk to ACTS.

Spotted Tody-Flycatcher  Todirostrum maculatum

Yellow-browed Tody-Flycatcher  Todirostrum chrysocrotaphum

Brownish Twistwing  Cnipodectes subbrunneus

Orange-eyed Flatbill ◊ (O-e Flycatcher)  Tolmomyias traylori  A pair was tracked down near Explorama.

Zimmer’s Flatbill (Z Flycatcher)  Tolmomyias assimilis

Grey-crowned Flatbill (G-c Flycatcher)  Tolmomyias poliocephalus

Olive-faced Flatbill (O-f Flycatcher)  Tolmomyias viridiceps

Golden-crowned Spadebill  Platyrinchus coronatus

Cinnamon Neopipo ◊ (C Manakin-Tyrant)  Neopipo cinnamomea  Excellent looks in the Mishana-Allpahuayo Reserve.

Eastern Wood Pewee  Contopus virens

Alder Flycatcher  Empidonax alnorum

Vermilion Flycatcher  Pyrocephalus obscurus

Drab Water Tyrant  Ochthornis littoralis

Riverside Tyrant  Knipolegus [orenocensis] sclateri

White-headed Marsh Tyrant  Arundinicola leucocephala

Piratic Flycatcher  Legatus leucophaius

Social Flycatcher  Myiozetetes similis

Grey-capped Flycatcher  Myiozetetes granadensis

Dusky-chested Flycatcher  Myiozetetes luteiventris

Great Kiskadee  Pitangus sulphuratus

Lesser Kiskadee  Philohydor lictor

Streaked Flycatcher ◊  Myiodynastes maculatus  One was seen at Muyuna Lodge area.

Boat-billed Flycatcher  Megarynchus pitangua

Sulphury Flycatcher  Tyrannopsis sulphurea  Heard only.

Crowned Slaty Flycatcher  Griseotyrannus aurantioatrocristatus

Tropical Kingbird  Tyrannus melancholicus

Eastern Kingbird  Tyrannus tyrannus

Greyish Mourner  Rhytipterna simplex

Short-crested Flycatcher  Myiarchus ferox

Rufous-tailed Flatbill  Ramphotrigon ruficauda

Cinnamon Attila  Attila cinnamomeus  Heard only.

Citron-bellied Attila ◊  Attila citriniventris  One was found in the Mishana-Allpahuayo Reserve.

White-eyed Attila (Dull-capped A)  Attila bolivianus  Heard only.

Bright-rumped Attila  Attila spadiceus  Heard only.

Black-necked Red Cotinga ◊  Phoenicircus nigricollis  One heard from ACTS canopy walkway and one seen in the Mishana-Allpahuayo Reserve.

Purple-throated Fruitcrow  Querula purpurata

Amazonian Umbrellabird  Cephalopterus ornatus

Screaming Piha  Lipaugus vociferans

Plum-throated Cotinga ◊  Cotinga maynana

Spangled Cotinga  Cotinga cayana

Bare-necked Fruitcrow  Gymnoderus foetidus

Pompadour Cotinga  Xipholena punicea  Heard only.

Dwarf Tyrant-Manakin  Tyranneutes stolzmanni  Heard only.

Saffron-crested Tyrant-Manakin ◊  Neopelma chrysocephalum  One was found in the Mishana-Allpahuayo Reserve.

Blue-backed Manakin  Chiroxiphia pareola

Blue-capped Manakin  Lepidothrix coronata

Wire-tailed Manakin  Pipra filicauda

Striolated Manakin ◊ (Western Striped M)  Machaeropterus striolatus  Heard only.

White-crowned Manakin  Pseudopipra pipra

Golden-headed Manakin  Ceratopipra erythrocephala

Amazonian Royal Flycatcher  Onychorhynchus coronatus  Great looks in the Muyuna Lodge area and also in the Mishana-Allpahuayo Reserve.

Whiskered Myiobius  Myiobius barbatus

Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher  Terenotriccus erythrurus

Black-tailed Tityra (Western B-t T)  Tityra [cayana] cayana

Masked Tityra  Tityra semifasciata

Varzea Schiffornis (Greater S, V Mourner)  Schiffornis major

White-browed Purpletuft  Iodopleura isabellae

Cinereous Becard  Pachyramphus rufus

White-winged Becard  Pachyramphus polychopterus

Black-capped Becard  Pachyramphus marginatus

Pink-throated Becard  Pachyramphus minor

Grey-chested Greenlet ◊  Hylophilus semicinereus  Heard only.

Tawny-crowned Greenlet  Tunchiornis ochraceiceps  Heard only.

Dusky-capped Greenlet  Pachysylvia hypoxantha

Yellow-green Vireo  Vireo flavoviridis

Chivi Vireo  Vireo chivi

Violaceous Jay  Cyanocorax violaceus

Sand Martin  Riparia riparia

White-winged Swallow  Tachycineta albiventer

White-banded Swallow  Atticora fasciata

Blue-and-white Swallow  Pygochelidon cyanoleuca

Southern Rough-winged Swallow  Stelgidopteryx ruficollis

Brown-chested Martin  Progne tapera

Grey-breasted Martin  Progne chalybea

Barn Swallow  Hirundo rustica

Black-capped Donacobius  Donacobius atricapilla

Thrush-like Wren  Campylorhynchus turdinus

Coraya Wren  Pheugopedius coraya

Buff-breasted Wren  Cantorchilus leucotis

House Wren (Southern H W)  Troglodytes [aedon] musculus

Southern Nightingale-Wren (Scaly-breasted W)  Microcerculus marginatus

Musician Wren  Cyphorhinus arada 

Trilling Gnatwren  Ramphocaenus melanurus

Collared Gnatwren  Microbates collaris

Iquitos Gnatcatcher ◊  Polioptila clementsi  Endemic. Unfortunately, only a few of us managed to see one in a fast-moving mixed species flock in the Mishana-Allpahuayo Reserve.

Swainson’s Thrush  Catharus ustulatus

Lawrence’s Thrush  Turdus lawrencii  One of the best mimics of Amazonia seen well at ACTS.

Black-billed Thrush (Floodplain T)  Turdus [ignobilis] debilis

Varzea Thrush ◊  Turdus sanchezorum  Eventually great looks in the Muyuna Lodge area.

Purple-throated Euphonia  Euphonia chlorotica

White-lored Euphonia (Golden-bellied E)  Euphonia chrysopasta

Orange-bellied Euphonia  Euphonia xanthogaster

Rufous-bellied Euphonia  Euphonia rufiventris

Yellow-browed Sparrow  Ammodramus aurifrons

Red-breasted Blackbird  Leistes militaris

Russet-backed Oropendola  Psarocolius angustifrons

Crested Oropendola  Psarocolius decumanus

Solitary Cacique (S Black C)  Cacicus solitarius

Yellow-rumped Cacique  Cacicus cela

Red-rumped Cacique  Cacicus haemorrhous

Orange-backed Troupial  Icterus croconotus

Giant Cowbird  Molothrus oryzivorus

Shiny Cowbird  Molothrus bonariensis

Velvet-fronted Grackle  Lampropsar tanagrinus

Oriole Blackbird  Gymnomystax mexicanus

Yellow-hooded Blackbird  Chrysomus icterocephalus

Blackpoll Warbler  Setophaga striata

Buff-rumped Warbler  Myiothlypis fulvicauda

Summer Tanager  Piranga rubra

Scarlet Tanager  Piranga olivacea

Red-crowned Ant Tanager  Habia rubica  Heard only.

Amazonian Grosbeak  Cyanoloxia rothschildii  Heard only.

Hooded Tanager  Nemosia pileata

Green Honeycreeper  Chlorophanes spiza

Yellow-backed Tanager  Hemithraupis flavicollis

Swallow Tanager  Tersina viridis

Purple Honeycreeper  Cyanerpes caeruleus

Short-billed Honeycreeper  Cyanerpes nitidus

Blue Dacnis  Dacnis cayana

Yellow-bellied Dacnis  Dacnis flaviventer

Black-faced Dacnis  Dacnis lineata

White-bellied Dacnis ◊  Dacnis albiventris  Several looks of minimum five birds from the ACTS canopy walkway.

Blueish-grey Saltator  Saltator coerulescens

Slate-coloured Grosbeak (Slaty G)  Saltator grossus  Heard only.

Bananaquit  Coereba flaveola  Heard only.

Blue-black Grassquit  Volatinia jacarina

Grey-headed Tanager  Eucometis penicillata

Flame-crested Tanager  Loriotus cristatus

Fulvous Shrike-Tanager  Lanio fulvus

Masked Crimson Tanager  Ramphocelus nigrogularis

Silver-beaked Tanager  Ramphocelus carbo

Lined Seedeater  Sporophila lineola

Wing-barred Seedeater (Caqueta S)  Sporophila [americana] murallae

Chestnut-bellied Seed Finch  Sporophila angolensis  Heard only.

Chestnut-bellied Seedeater  Sporophila castaneiventris

Orange-headed Tanager  Thlypopsis sordida

Pearly-breasted Conebill ◊  Conirostrum margaritae  Two were seen on a river island. Vulnerable

Bicolored Conebill  Conirostrum bicolor  Near-threatened.

Red-capped Cardinal  Paroaria gularis

Blue-grey Tanager  Thraupis episcopus

Palm Tanager  Thraupis palmarum

Green-and-gold Tanager  Tangara schrankii

Turquoise Tanager  Tangara mexicana

Paradise Tanager  Tangara chilensis

Opal-crowned Tanager  Tangara callophrys

Opal-rumped Tanager  Tangara velia



Brown-eared Woolly Opossum  Caluromys lanatus  It was seen at ACTS on the long nights out.

Common Opossum (Black-eared O)  Didelphis marsupialis  It was seen in the Muyuna Lodge area.

Woolly Mouse Opossum  Marmosa demerarae  It was seen at ACTS on the long nights out.

White-bellied Slender Mouse Opossum  Marmosops noctivagus  It was seen at ACTS on the long nights out.

Brown Four-eyed Opossum  Metachirus nudicaudatus  It was seen at ACTS on the long nights out.

Thomas’s Silky Anteater   Cyclopes didactylus thomasi  Magical, see by some at Muyuna Lodge area.

Linnaeus’ Two-toed Sloth   Choloepus didactylus  It was seen at ACTS on the long nights out.

Brown-throated Sloth  Bradypus variegatus

Kinkajou  Potos flavus  It was seen at ACTS on the long nights out.

Amazon River Dolphin (Pink R D, Boto)  Inia geoffrensis

Estuarine Dolphin (Grey Dolphin)  Sotalia fluviatilis

Greater Bulldog Bat (G Fishing B)  Noctilio leporinus

Proboscis Bat (Proboscis Bat)  Rhynchonycteris naso

Eastern Pygmy Marmoset   Cebuella niveiventris  Fantastic observation in Muyuna Lodge area.

Black-mantled Tamarin  Saguinus nigricollis  It was seen at ACTS.

Red-mantled Saddle-back Tamarin  Saguinus lagonotus  Great looks in the Mishana-Allpahuayo Reserve.

Ecuadorean Squirrel Monkey  Saimiri macrodon

Large-headed Capuchin  Sapajus macrocephalus

Spix’s Night Monkey  Aotus vociferans  A party was seen twice at Explornapo.

Yellow-handed Titi Monkey   Cheracebus lucifer  Excellent looks at ACTS.

Coppery Titi Monkey  Plecturocebus cupreus  Heard only. in the Muyuna Lodge area.

Red-crowned Titi Monkey   Plecturocebus discolor  A few seen at Mishana-Allpahuayo Reserve by some.

Juruá Red Howler Monkey   Alouatta juara  It was seen at Muyuna Lodge area.

Colombian Red Howler Monkey  Alouatta seniculus  Heard only.

Black Agouti  Dasyprocta fuliginosa  We had sightings at Explorama  and ACTS.

Amazon Bamboo Rat  Dactylomys dactylinus It was seen at Muyuna Lodge area.

Yellow-crowned Brush-tailed Rat  Isothrix bistriata

Amazon Dwarf Squirrel  Microsciurus flaviventer

Southern Amazon Red Squirrel  Sciurus spadiceus




Tawny-breasted Tinamou  Nothocercus julius  Heard only.

Brown Tinamou  Crypturellus obsoletus  Two were seen near Santa Maria. This is the punensis race.

Andean Tinamou  Nothoprocta pentlandi  Heard only.

Ornate Tinamou ◊  Nothoprocta ornate  Two were seen near Huanipaca.

Torrent Duck  Merganetta armata

Andean Goose  Chloephaga melanoptera

Puna Teal  Spatula puna

Cinnamon Teal  Spatula cyanoptera

Yellow-billed Pintail  Anas georgica

Yellow-billed Teal  Anas flavirostris

Andean Duck  Oxyura ferruginea

Speckled Chachalaca  Ortalis guttata

Andean Guan  Penelope montagnii

Wattled Guan ◊  Aburria aburri  One was  seen on our way back from Pucyura. Near threatened

Chestnut-collared Swift  Streptoprocne rutila

White-collared Swift  Streptoprocne zonaris

Andean Swift  Aeronautes andecolus

Lesser Violetear  Colibri cyanotus

Sparkling Violetear  Colibri coruscans

Amethyst-throated Sunangel  Heliangelus amethysticollis

Speckled Hummingbird  Adelomyia melanogenys

Long-tailed Sylph  Aglaiocercus kingii

Black-tailed Trainbearer  Lesbia victoriae

Green-tailed Trainbearer  Lesbia nuna

Bearded Mountaineer ◊  Oreonympha nobilis  Endemic. Fantastic male of the nobilis race was seen near Ollantaytambo.

Blue-mantled Thornbill ◊  Chalcostigma stanleyi  Great looks of the vulcani race at Abra Malaga Pass.

Tyrian Metaltail  Metallura tyrianthina

Scaled Metaltail ◊  Metallura aeneocauda  Three were seen at the Abra Malaga Pass.

Sapphire-vented Puffleg ◊ (Coppery-naped P)  Eriocnemis [luciani] sapphiropygia  Two sightings at Abra Malaga and one seen along the Kitene Road.

Shining Sunbeam  Aglaeactis cupripennis

White-tufted Sunbeam ◊  Aglaeactis castelnaudii  Endemic. Magical bird seen very well a few times. Near threatened

Mountain Velvetbreast  Lafresnaya lafresnayi

Bronzy Inca  Coeligena coeligena

Violet-throated Starfrontlet  Coeligena violifer

Sword-billed Hummingbird  Ensifera ensifera

Great Sapphirewing  Pterophanes cyanopterus

Giant Hummingbird  Patagona gigas

White-bellied Woodstar  Chaetocercus mulsant

White-bellied Hummingbird  Elliotomyia chionogaster

Green-and-white Hummingbird ◊  Elliotomyia viridicauda  Endemic. We had great looks near Ollantaytambo.

Smooth-billed Ani  Crotophaga ani

Rock Dove (introduced)  Columba livia

Spot-winged Pigeon  Patagioenas maculosa

Band-tailed Pigeon  Patagioenas fasciata

White-tipped Dove  Leptotila verreauxi

White-throated Quail-Dove  Zentrygon frenata  Heard only.

Eared Dove  Zenaida auriculata

Andean Coot (Slate-coloured C)  Fulica ardesiaca

White-tufted Grebe  Rollandia rolland

Andean Lapwing  Vanellus resplendens

American Golden Plover  Pluvialis dominica

Wilson’s Phalarope  Phalaropus tricolor

Spotted Sandpiper  Actitis macularius

Lesser Yellowlegs  Tringa flavipes

Andean Gull  Chroicocephalus serranus

Neotropic Cormorant  Nannopterum brasilianum

Andean Ibis ◊  Theristicus branickii  A pair was seen twice at Abra Malaga Pass.

Puna Ibis  Plegadis ridgwayi

Western Cattle Egret  Bubulcus ibis

Snowy Egret  Egretta thula

Andean Condor  Vultur gryphus  Vulnerable.

Turkey Vulture  Cathartes aura

Roadside Hawk  Rupornis magnirostris

Variable Hawk  Geranoaetus polyosoma

Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle  Geranoaetus melanoleucus

Yungas Pygmy Owl ◊  Glaucidium bolivianum  A pair was seen at Abra Malaga Pass.

Apurimac Pygmy Owl ◊  Glaucidium peruanum  Endemic. Superb looks near Mollepata.

Koepcke’s Screech Owl ◊  Megascops koepckeae  A pair of the hockingi race was seen very well near Mollepata.

Golden-headed Quetzal  Pharomachrus auriceps  Heard only.

Crested Quetzal  Pharomachrus antisianus  Heard only.

Andean Motmot  Momotus aequatorialis

White-eared Puffbird  Nystalus chacuru

Versicoloured Barbet  Eubucco versicolor

Grey-breasted Mountain Toucan  Andigena hypoglauca  Heard only.

Blue-banded Toucanet  Aulacorhynchus coeruleicinctis

Ocellated Piculet ◊  Picumnus dorbignyanus  A pair was seen on our way back from Pucyura.

Bar-bellied Woodpecker  Veniliornis nigriceps

Golden-olive Woodpecker  Colaptes rubiginosus

Andean Flicker  Colaptes rupicola

Mountain Caracara  Phalcoboenus megalopterus

Yellow-headed Caracara  Milvago chimachima

American Kestrel  Falco sparverius

Scaly-naped Amazon  Amazona mercenaries  Heard only.

Mitred Parakeet  Psittacara mitratus

White-eyed Parakeet  Psittacara leucophthalmus

Strong-billed Woodcreeper  Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus

Olive-backed Woodcreeper  Xiphorhynchus triangularis

Streaked Xenops  Xenops rutilans

Wren-like Rushbird  Phleocryptes melanops

Cream-winged Cinclodes  Cinclodes albiventris

Royal Cinclodes ◊  Cinclodes aricomae  Endemic. Fantastic looks of three birds at Abra Malaga Pass. We have even seen them displaying! Critically endangered

Pearled Treerunner  Margarornis squamiger

Tawny Tit-Spinetail  Sylviorthorhynchus yanacensis

White-browed Tit-Spinetail ◊  Leptasthenura xenothorax  Endemic. Two pairs were seen in Polylepis forest at Abra Malaga Pass. Endangered

Pale-tailed Canastero ◊  Asthenes huancavelicae  Endemic. We saw the usheri race near Mollepata. Near threatened

Junin Canastero ◊  Asthenes virgata  Endemic. Good looks at the Abra Malaga Pass.

Streak-throated Canastero ◊  Asthenes humilis  Good looks of the robusta race at the Abra Malaga Pass.

Puna Thistletail ◊  Asthenes helleri  Good looks at the Abra Malaga Pass.

Vilcabamba Thistletail ◊  Asthenes vilcabambae  Endemic. Localised bird seen very well at Inca Tambo.

Streak-backed Canastero  Asthenes wyatti

Rusty-fronted Canastero ◊  Asthenes ottonis  Endemic. Excellent looks at Huanipaca.

Marcapata Spinetail ◊  Cranioleuca marcapatae  Endemic. Good looks of the nominate race at the Abra Malaga Pass. But we also saw the weskei race at Inca Tambo. A very likely future split!

Creamy-crested Spinetail ◊  Cranioleuca albicapilla  Endemic. One of the best looking spinetail and we had many great encounters with the albigula race around Mollepata.

Azara’s Spinetail  Synallaxis azarae  Heard only.

Apurimac Spinetail ◊  Synallaxis courseni  Endemic. Superb looks above Mollepata. Vulnerable

Scaled Antpitta  Grallaria guatimalensis  Heard only.

Stripe-headed Antpitta ◊  Grallaria andicolus  Two sightings at the Abra Malaga Pass.

Red-and-white Antpitta ◊  Grallaria erythroleuca  Endemic. One was seen at the Abra Malaga Pass.

Urubamba Antpitta ◊  Grallaria occabambae  Endemic. Two were seen at the Abra Malaga Pass.

Creamy-bellied Antwren ◊  Herpsilochmus motacilloides  Endemic. A male was seen near Santa Maria. Near threatened

Streak-headed Antbird  Drymophila striaticeps  Heard only.

Puna Tapaculo ◊  Scytalopus simonsi  Excellent looks at Abra Malaga Pass.

Diademed Tapaculo ◊  Scytalopus schulenbergi  One was seen on our last morning at Abra Malaga Pass.

Vilcabamba Tapaculo ◊  Scytalopus urubambae  Endemic. Fantastic looks above Mollepata, also heard at Inca Tambo.

Ampay Tapaculo ◊  Scytalopus whitneyi  Endemic. Three were seen near Huanipaca.

Trilling Tapaculo ◊ (Grey T)  Scytalopus parvirostris  One was seen at the Abra Malaga Pass.

Tawny-rumped Tyrannulet  Phyllomyias uropygialis

Sierran Elaenia  Elaenia pallatangae

Bolivian Tyrannulet  Zimmerius bolivianus  Heard only.

White-throated Tyrannulet  Mecocerculus leucophrys

White-banded Tyrannulet  Mecocerculus stictopterus

Ash-breasted Tit-Tyrant ◊  Anairetes alpinus  Fantastic looks of this highly localized bird at Abra Malaga Pass. Endangered

Unstreaked Tit-Tyrant ◊  Uromyias agraphia  Endemic. About six were seen at the Abra Malaga Pass.

Torrent Tyrannulet  Serpophaga cinerea

Streak-necked Flycatcher  Mionectes striaticollis

Many-colored Rush Tyrant  Tachuris rubrigastra

Common Tody-Flycatcher  Todirostrum cinereum  Heard only.

Cinnamon Flycatcher  Pyrrhomyias cinnamomeus

Black Phoebe  Sayornis nigricans

Smoke-coloured Pewee  Contopus fumigatus

Taczanowski’s Ground Tyrant ◊  Muscisaxicola griseus  About six were seen at the Abra Malaga Pass.

Rufous-naped Ground Tyrant  Muscisaxicola rufivertex

White-winged Black Tyrant  Knipolegus aterrimus

Smoky Bush Tyrant  Myiotheretes fumigatus

Streak-throated Bush Tyrant  Myiotheretes striaticollis

Rufous-bellied Bush Tyrant  Myiotheretes fuscorufus  Heard only.

Black-billed Shrike-Tyrant  Agriornis montanus

Kalinowski’s Chat-Tyrant ◊ (Peruvian C-T)  Silvicultrix spodionota  Good views of the boliviana race at the Abra Malaga Pass.

Rufous-breasted Chat-Tyrant  Ochthoeca rufipectoralis

Brown-backed Chat-Tyrant  Ochthoeca fumicolor

D’Orbigny’s Chat-Tyrant ◊  Ochthoeca oenanthoides  One of the polionota race was seen at Abra Malaga Pass.

White-browed Chat-Tyrant  Ochthoeca leucophrys

Streaked Flycatcher  Myiodynastes maculatus

Golden-crowned Flycatcher  Myiodynastes chrysocephalus  Heard only.

Tropical Kingbird  Tyrannus melancholicus

Masked Fruiteater ◊  Pipreola pulchra  Endemic. A pair was seen near Santa Maria.

Andean Cock-of-the-rock  Rupicola peruvianus

Red-crested Cotinga  Ampelion rubrocristatus

Brown-capped Vireo  Vireo leucophrys

Inca Jay  Cyanocorax yncas  Heard only.

Sand Martin (Bank S)  Riparia riparia

White-banded Swallow  Atticora fasciata

Blue-and-white Swallow  Pygochelidon cyanoleuca

Pale-footed Swallow ◊  Orochelidon flavipes  Two encounters at Abra Malaga and Inca Tambo.

Brown-bellied Swallow  Orochelidon murina

Barn Swallow  Hirundo rustica

Inca Wren ◊  Pheugopedius eisenmanni  Endemic. Several great looks!

House Wren (Southern H W)  Troglodytes [aedon] musculus

Mountain Wren  Troglodytes solstitialis

Grey-breasted Wood Wren  Henicorhina leucophrys

Andean Solitaire  Myadestes ralloides  Heard only.

White-eared Solitaire ◊  Entomodestes leucotis  Several were seen near Santa Maria.

Swainson’s Thrush  Catharus ustulatus

Chiguanco Thrush  Turdus chiguanco 

Glossy-black Thrush  Turdus serranus  Heard only.

Great Thrush  Turdus fuscater

White-capped Dipper  Cinclus leucocephalus

Hooded Siskin  Spinus magellanicus

Black Siskin  Spinus atratus

Blue-naped Chlorophonia  Chlorophonia cyanea

Orange-bellied Euphonia  Euphonia xanthogaster

Grey-browed Brushfinch  Arremon assimilis

Rufous-collared Sparrow  Zonotrichia capensis

Apurimac Brushfinch ◊  Atlapetes forbesi  Endemic. Two were seen above Mollepata.

Cuzco Brushfinch ◊  Atlapetes canigenis  Endemic. Several great looks at various sites.

Yellow-billed Cacique  Amblycercus holosericeus

Russet-backed Oropendola  Psarocolius angustifrons

Dusky-green Oropendola  Psarocolius atrovirens

Yellow-winged Blackbird  Agelasticus thilius

Tropical Parula  Setophaga pitiayumi

Citrine Warbler  Myiothlypis luteoviridis

Russet-crowned Warbler  Myiothlypis coronata

Slate-throated Whitestart  Myioborus miniatus

Spectacled Whitestart  Myioborus melanocephalus

Scarlet Tanager  Piranga olivacea

Black-backed Grosbeak  Pheucticus aureoventris

Plushcap  Catamblyrhynchus diadema

Golden-collared Honeycreeper ◊  Iridophanes pulcherrimus  A male was seen near Santa Maria.

Buff-throated Saltator  Saltator maximus

Golden-billed Saltator  Saltator aurantiirostris

Dull-coloured Grassquit  Asemospiza obscura

Slaty Tanager ◊  Creurgops dentatus  Great bird! A pair was seen near Santa Maria.

Red Pileated Finch  Coryphospingus cucullatus

White-browed Hemispingus ◊  Kleinothraupis auricularis  Endemic. Two were seen on the Abra Malaga Pass.

Parodi’s Hemispingus ◊  Kleinothraupis parodii  Endemic. Fantastic looks on the Abra Malaga Pass. Near threatened

Oleaginous Hemispingus  Sphenopsis frontalis  Four were seen on the Abra Malaga Pass.

Rust-and-yellow Tanager ◊  Thlypopsis ruficeps  Many great looks on the Abra Malaga Pass.

Superciliaried Hemispingus  Thlypopsis superciliaris  We had good looks of the urubambae race on the Abra Malaga Pass.

Rufous-chested Tanager  Thlypopsis ornata

Chestnut-breasted Mountain Finch ◊  Poospizopsis caesar  Endemic. Two sightings, one above Mollepata and one along the Huanipaca road.

Three-striped Hemispingus ◊  Microspingus trifasciatus  Many great looks on the Abra Malaga Pass.

Capped Conebill  Conirostrum albifrons

Giant Conebill  Conirostrum binghami  Near-threatened.

Blue-backed Conebill  Conirostrum sitticolor

White-browed Conebill  Conirostrum ferrugineiventre

Cinereous Conebill  Conirostrum cinereum

Bright-rumped Yellow Finch  Sicalis uropigyalis

Peruvian Sierra Finch  Phrygilus punensis

Ash-breasted Sierra Finch  Geospizopsis plebejus

Plumbeous Sierra Finch  Geospizopsis unicolor

Tit-like Dacnis ◊  Xenodacnis parina  Several encounters with this handsome bird.

Glacier Finch (White-winged Diuca F)  Idiopsar speculifer

Band-tailed Seedeater  Catamenia analis

Plain-coloured Seedeater  Catamenia inornata

Golden-eyed Flowerpiercer (Deep-blue F)  Diglossa glauca

Masked Flowerpiercer  Diglossa cyanea

Moustached Flowerpiercer  Diglossa mystacalis  Heard only.

Black-throated Flowerpiercer  Diglossa brunneiventris

Palm Tanager  Thraupis palmarum

Golden-collared Tanager ◊  Iridosornis jelskii  A fast-moving pair was seen on the Abra Malaga Pass.

Blue-and-yellow Tanager  Rauenia bonariensis

Chestnut-bellied Mountain Tanager ◊  Dubusia castaneoventris  Just two were seen in a mixed flock at the Abra Malaga Pass.

Hooded Mountain Tanager  Buthraupis montana

Blue-capped Tanager  Sporathraupis cyanocephala

Scarlet-bellied Mountain Tanager  Anisognathus igniventris

Golden-naped Tanager  Chalcothraupis ruficervix

Blue-necked Tanager  Stilpnia cyanicollis

Blue-and-black Tanager  Tangara vassorii

Beryl-spangled Tanager  Tangara nigroviridis

Saffron-crowned Tanager  Tangara xanthocephala

Flame-faced Tanager  Tangara parzudakii  Good looks of the urubambae race.



Montane Guinea Pig ◊  Cavia tschudii

Northern Mountain Viscacha ◊  Lagidium peruanum

Andean Fox  Lycalopex culpaeus

Bolivian Squirrel  Sciurus ignitus