The Ultimate In Birding Tours

North America & The Caribbean

SOUTHERN MEXICO – The ultimate specialities itinerary in the region

Thursday 7th March – Sunday 24th March 2024

Leader: Mark Van Beirs

18 Days Group Size Limit 7
Yucatan Peninsula Pre-Tour Extension

Friday 1st March – Thursday 7th March 2024

7 Days Group Size Limit 7

SOUTHERN MEXICO: OVERVIEW

Birdquest’s Southern Mexico tours explore a fascinating part of North America that offers some truly awesome opportunities in one of the most exciting birding destinations on earth. Our ultimate Southern Mexico tour includes Mexico state, Oaxaca, Chiapas, Veracruz and the Yucatan Peninsula, producing a fantastic list of Mexican endemics, near-endemics and other specialities. These include Townsend’s Shearwater, Yucatan Bobwhite, Ruddy Crake, Tuxtla Quail-Dove, Yucatan Amazon, Yucatan Nightjar, Cozumel and White-bellied Emeralds, Mexican, Beautiful and Slender Sheartails, Oaxaca and Cinnamon-sided Hummingbirds, Long-tailed and Wdge-tailed Sabrewings, Blue-capped and Blue-throated Motmots, Yucatan and Strickland’s Woodpeckers, Yucatan and Belted Flycatchers, Cozumel Vireo, Ocellated Thrasher, Yucatan, Unicoloured, Dwarf, Black-throated and White-throated Jays, Giant, Sumichrast’s, Nava’s, Cozumel, Yucatan and White-bellied Wrens, Slate-coloured Solitaire, Yucatan Gnatcatcher, Orange Oriole, the stunning Red-breasted and Grey-throated Chats, Pink-headed and Red Warblers, Black-polled and Hooded Yellowthroats, Rose-throated Tanager, Black-throated Shrike-Tanager, Sierra Madre, Striped, Cinnamon-tailed (or Sumichrast’s), Oaxaca and Bridled Sparrows, Collared Towhee, White-naped Brushfinch and the gorgeous Orange-breasted and Rosita’s Buntings.

Mexico, the land of the Mayas, Aztecs, Zapotecs and Conquistadores, is one of the most charismatic countries in the world. Sombreros, white-clad peons on a stubborn mule and siestas conjure up a sleepy image which disguises (as well as any Zapata-style moustache) a country rapidly entering the modern world, where good roads, accommodation and food are the norm. It is the second most populous and the third-largest country in Latin America, with an incredible variety of habitats ranging from steamy tropical lowland jungle and barren cactus-studded hills to refreshing pine forests and high alpine vegetation above the treeline. Over half of the country is at an altitude of over 3300ft (1000m) and much of that at over 6600ft (2000m), and more than 80% of this splendid nation is classified as having a semi-arid climate.

Mexico basically consists of a high central plateau flanked by an eastern and a western range of mountains set back from the coast. Mexico City, one of the largest conurbations on Earth with more than 20 million inhabitants, is located in a high inter-montane basin measuring only 30 miles (50 kilometres) across and was founded as Tenochtitlan under the militarist rule of the Aztecs. As well as experiencing cactus-covered plains and sleepy adobe villages dominated by white-painted churches, a Hollywood-inspired stereotype of Mexico over a hundred years ago, we shall visit modern cities, well-preserved Zapotec sites inspiring awe for Mexico’s rich cultural history, tranquil oak and pine forests and fabulous mountains.

Mexico, both culturally and ornithologically, is a land of stark contrasts. A transitional zone between the temperate North American continent and the lush rainforests of Central America, Mexico’s position, physiography and contrasting habitats have produced an endemic-rich avifauna which, remarkably, is third only to Brazil and Peru among New World countries. Amazingly, no fewer than 213 species of birds are restricted to Mexico and northern Central America! Mexico is also the wintering ground of a splendid selection of colourful migrants from North America and the mixed warbler flocks are a real feature of its woods. This tour is designed to thoroughly explore the central and southwestern parts of the country, the richest region for birds in all of Mexico, and our itinerary is the most comprehensive available for this endemic-rich part of the country.

Accommodations, food and roads are mainly of a good standard, making travelling and birding in Mexico a pleasure.

Our Southern Mexico tour starts in the cool forests on the volcanic slopes just to the south of Mexico City. Here we shall search for the rare Sierra Madre Sparrow at one of only two known remaining localities. Striped Sparrow and Black-polled and Hooded Yellowthroats are amongst the other endemics likely here.

Heading south, we shall explore the deserts and woods around the attractive Oaxaca City. This is the richest area in the country for endemic birds, home to Beautiful Sheartail (or Beautiful Hummingbird), Dwarf Jay, Ocellated Thrasher, Collared Towhee and Bridled and Oaxaca Sparrows amongst others.

In the Pacific lowlands and foothills around Puerto Angel, the semi-deciduous woodland holds three extremely localized endemics: Oaxaca (or Blue-capped) and Cinnamon-sided Hummingbirds, and the stunning little White-throated Jay. The offshore waters often produce Black Storm Petrel and Townsend’s Shearwater, together with an excellent selection of other pelagic species.

The arid scrub of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec and coastal Chiapas is home to Orange-breasted and Rosita’s Buntings, two of the most stunning of Mexico’s many endemic birds, and the amazing Giant Wren and the retiring Cinnamon-tailed (or Sumichrast’s) Sparrow are likewise found nowhere else.

Breathtaking scenery at the El Sumidero Canyon near Tuxtla Gutierrez in the state of Chiapas, in far southeastern Mexico is augmented by the delightful Red-breasted Chat, the nomadic Slender Sheartail and the rare Belted Flycatcher, while not far away the striking but almost unknown endemic Nava’s Wren inhabits limestone karst outcrops.

Next, we will explore the state of Veracruz. First, we travel to the exciting and bird-rich Sierra de los Tuxtlas, situated in the southeastern part of the state of Veracruz, surrounding the huge Laguna de Catemaco. The area is best known for its three highly-localized endemics, Tuxtla Quail-Dove, Blue-capped Motmot and Long-tailed Sabrewing, but there is also a fair chance for Black-throated Shrike-Tanager and we will also encounter a rich variety of more widespread Neotropical species.

Also in the state of Veracruz, the pine-oak forests of the Sierra de Juarez should yield a rich crop of specialities, including Unicolored Jay, Slate-colored Solitaire and White-naped Brushfinch, while in the Cordoba area we will search limestone outcrops for the restricted-range Sumichrast’s Wren.

During our easy and highly enjoyable tour extension, we will visit the xerophytic habitats of the Yucatan Peninsula. The Yucatan lay at the very centre of the Mayan empire, an empire that extended across a vast area of Central America and which was one of the world’s great civilizations. Much about the Mayas is still a mystery and it remains a ‘lost’ civilization with a very special fascination. The amazing ceremonial temples of this extraordinary empire stand amidst the vast deciduous forests of this limestone peninsula. Alongside these cultural wonders, the Yucatan is known as a holiday destination with well-known resorts like Cancun, Playa del Carmen and Cozumel attracting visitors from all over the world.

For birders, the attraction of the Yucatan Peninsula is its rich avifauna and in particular its many endemic species, ranging from the gaudy Yucatan Jay to the pretty little Mexican Sheartail and the gorgeous Orange Oriole. We will visit the eastern side of the huge and rather dry Yucatan Peninsula and also explore the offshore island of Cozumel. By visiting this part of Mexico we can not only look for almost every one of the Yucatan endemic specialities but also enjoy one of the finest waterbird sanctuaries in Middle America (at Ría Lagartos) and experience for ourselves the extraordinary Mayan ruins at Chichen Itza

First, we will explore the pleasant island of Cozumel, situated just off the northeastern tip of the Yucatan Peninsula and home to such endemic specialities as Yucatan Amazon, Yucatan Nightjar, Cozumel Emerald, Cozumel Wren and Cozumel Vireo.

Next, we will explore the estuaries, lagoons and saltpans of the north coast of the Yucatan at Ría Lagartos and further west, enjoying one of the richest sites for waterbirds in all Mexico where highlights will include Bare-throated Tiger Heron, the strange Boat-billed Heron and thousands of American Flamingos, never mind endemics such as Yucatan Bobwhite, Mexican Sheartail, Yucatan Woodpecker, Yucatan Wren and Yucatan Gnatcatcher.

Heading further south, we will explore the edge of the huge Sian Ka’an Biosphere Reserve in Quintana Roo where we will be wanting to see Yucatan Jay, White-bellied Wren, Orange Oriole and Grey-throated Chat amongst other specialities.

All in all the southern parts of Mexico offer visiting birds a true feast of special birds, including a great number of endemics.

Birdquest has operated Southern Mexico tours since 1987.

Yucatan-only Tour Option: If we have spaces available 6 months or less before the tour start, we can accept bookings for the Yucatan Peninsula section of the tour only, as a stand-alone tour. There will be a $150 reduction if you leave the tour at Cancún rather than Mexico City. Earlier booking may also be possible. Please enquire.

Bearded Wood Partridge Extension Option: The rare and poorly-known endemic Bearded Wood Partridge is a Mexican endemic that can be observed in Veracruz state. It is a difficult species to see as opposed to hear, but we have a fair chance at one site. If there are group members who would like to try for this species we will arrange a short (2 nights) extension so that we can have two tries for this elusive speciality. The cost will depend on the number of participants. Please inform us at the time of booking if you are interested in this extension.

Short-crested Coquette and White-tailed Hummingbird Extension Option: The beautiful Short-crested Coquette and White-tailed Hummingbird are Mexican endemics that can be observed on a day trip from the famous resort of Acapulco. If there are group members who would like to try for these species we will arrange a short (2 nights) extension. The cost will depend on the number of participants. Please inform us at the time of booking if you are interested in this extension.

Accommodation & Road Transport: The hotels are mostly of a good standard, sometimes of medium standard. Road transport is by minibus/passenger van and roads are mostly good.

Walking: The walking effort during our Southern Mexico tour is mostly easy, sometimes moderate.

Climate: Generally warm or hot, dry and sunny at lower altitudes, but much cooler in upland areas. Whilst overcast weather is quite regular, rain is infrequent at this season. It will often be rather humid in the lowlands.

Bird Photography: Opportunities during our Southern Mexico tour are quite good.

TOUR HIGHLIGHTS

  • Scoping the dapper and very rare Sierra Madre Sparrow in its crispy bunch grass habitat at 3000m altitude just outside Mexico City
  • Looking at the very localized Strickland’s Woodpecker and the colonial Buff-breasted Flycatcher in open pine woodland
  • Locating rare Black-polled and Hooded Yellowthroats in the surroundings of Mexico City
  • Visiting the amazing Zapotec archaeological site of Monte Alban where Ocellated Thrasher, Thick-billed Kingbird and Canyon Wren dwell
  • Birding the cloud forest of Cerro San Felipe seeking out the diminutive Dwarf Jay, the terrific Red Warbler and the smart Chestnut-sided Shrike-Vireo
  • Strolling through desert studded with impressive organpipe cacti where Grey-breasted Woodpeckers and Bridled Sparrows thrive
  • Waiting patiently at flowering heliconias for the smart Oaxaca Hummingbird to come in
  • Taking a boat off Puerto Angel to be surrounded by Green Turtles and Spinner Dolphins together with lots of seabirds including Townsend's Shearwater, Black Storm Petrel and Nazca Booby
  • Standing in awe at unbelievably-coloured Rosita’s and Orange-breasted Buntings in the scrubby woodland of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec
  • Observing fabulous Giant Wrens and vociferous White-bellied Chachalacas in their tiny range
  • Gazing at Russet-crowned Motmot and Citreoline Trogon in coastal woodland
  • Finding the gorgeous Belted Flycatcher, Bar-winged Oriole and the splendid Red-breasted Chat at the imposing El Sumidero Canyon with its 1000m high cliffs
  • Tracking down a secretive Singing Quail and a much-wanted Pheasant Cuckoo at the edge of the canyon
  • Seeking out loud-voiced, restricted-range Nava’s and Sumichrast’s Wrens in their unique limestone habitat
  • Observing the very localized and shy Tuxtla Quail-Dove, Blue-capped Motmot and Long-tailed Sabrewing in the Sierra de los Tuxtlas
  • Finding the tiny Bumblebee Hummingbird at flowerbanks in montane woodland in the Sierra de Juárez.
  • Listening to the ethereal, haunting song of the modestly-clad Slate-coloured Solitaire in the cloud forest
  • Exploring the attractive, friendly island of Cozumel with its three remaining endemics
  • Scanning woodland edges on Cozumel for smart White-crowned Pigeons, noisy Yucatan Amazons and elegant Yucatan Woodpeckers
  • Seeking out melodious Black Catbirds amongst colourful wintering New World warblers
  • The waterbird spectacle at Río Lagartos with hundreds of Brown Pelicans, Magnificent Frigatebirds, Laughing Gulls and Black Skimmers
  • Admiring the very localized Mexican Sheartail and the noisy Yucatan Wren
  • The shimmering masses of American Flamingoes at the Las Coloradas saltpans
  • Looking for Bare-throated Tiger Heron and the extraordinary Boat-billed Heron in the mangroves
  • The extensive woodland of the Sian Ka’an reserve with beauties like Yucatan Jay, Orange Oriole and Grey-throated Chat

OUTLINE ITINERARY

  • YUCATAN PENINSULA PRE-TOUR EXTENSION
  • Day 1: Evening tour start at Cancún.
  • Day 2: By ferry to Cozumel Island.
  • Day 3: Cozumel, then by ferry and road to Río Lagartos.
  • Day 4: Río Lagartos region.
  • Day 5: Río Lagartos region then drive via Chichen Itza to Felipe Carillo Puerto.
  • Day 6: Felipe Carillo Puerto area.
  • Day 7: Felipe Carillo Puerto area, then return to Cancún and fly to Mexico City.
  • MAIN TOUR
  • Day 1: Evening tour start at Mexico City.
  • Day 2: Mexico City region.
  • Day 3: Mexico City region, then drive to Oaxaca.
  • Days 4-5: Oaxaca region.
  • Day 6: Drive to Puerto Angel.
  • Day 7: Puerto Angel and Sierra Madre del Sur, including pelagic boat trip.
  • Day 8: Drive to Tehuantepec.
  • Day 9: Tehuantepec area, then drive to Arriaga.
  • Day 10: Isthmus of Tehuantepec, then drive to Tuxtla Guttierez.
  • Day 11: El Sumidero canyon. Overnight at Tuxtla Gutierrez.
  • Day 12: Tuxtla Gutierrez region, then drive to Catemaco.
  • Day 13: Catemaco area.
  • Day 14: Catemaco area, then drive to Tuxtepec.
  • Day 15: Sierra de Juárez. Overnight at Tuxtepec.
  • Day 16: Sierra de Juárez, then drive to Cordobá.
  • Day 17: Cordobá area, then drive to Veracruz for afternoon tour end.

To see a larger map, click on the square-like ‘enlarge’ icon in the upper right of the map box.

To see (or hide) the ‘map legend’, click on the icon with an arrow in the upper left of the map box.

To change to a satellite view, which is great for seeing the physical terrain (and for seeing really fine details by repetitive use of the + button), click on the square ‘map view’ icon in the lower left corner of the ‘map legend’.

PRICE INFORMATION

Birdquest Inclusions: Our tour prices include surface transportation, accommodations, meals and entrance fees.

We also include all tipping for local guides, drivers and accommodation/restaurant staff.

We also include this flight for those taking the extension: Cancún-Mexico City.

Deposit: 20% of the total tour price. Our office will let you know what deposit amount is due, in order to confirm your booking, following receipt of your online booking form.

TO BOOK THIS TOUR: Click here (you will need the tour dates)


2024: provisional £5560, $7050, €6550, AUD10080. Tuxtla Guttierez/Mexico City.
Yucatan Peninsula Pre-Tour Extension: £2010, $2550, €2370, AUD3640. Cancun/Mexico City.

Single Supplement: 2024: £750, $960, €890, AUD1370.
Yucatan Peninsula Pre-Tour Extension: £280, $360, €330, AUD510.

The single supplement will not apply if you indicate on booking that you prefer to share a room and there is a room-mate of the same sex available.

This tour is priced in US Dollars. Amounts shown in other currencies are indicative.

Air Travel To & From The Tour: Our in-house IATA ticket agency will be pleased to arrange your air travel on request, or you may arrange this yourself if you prefer.

SOUTHERN MEXICO BIRDING TOUR: DETAILED ITINERARY

Southern Mexico: Day 1  Our tour begins this evening at our hotel at the southern edge of Mexico City, where we will stay for two nights. An airport transfer will be provided from Mexico City airport in the late afternoon or early evening.

Southern Mexico: Day 2  The huge, bustling metropolis of Mexico City is situated at an altitude of around 2250m (7400ft) and is surrounded by cool pine forests which cling to the slopes of the many extinct and active volcanoes. The most famous of these, the mighty Popocatepetl (5452m or 17,887ft) can often be seen smoking threateningly in the far distance.

At this time of year, bird song enriches the crisp morning air, in marked contrast to the noisy urban bustle of the valley below. Underfoot are thick clumps of bunch grass covering uneven volcanic rock, interspersed with outcrops of sharp lava, and this is the home of two handsome endemic sparrows. The exceedingly rare Sierra Madre Sparrow is nowadays known only from a small area south of the capital and from an area in distant Durango. The buzzing song is the best clue as to the whereabouts of this small, secretive bird. The pot-bellied Striped Sparrow is a more conspicuous creature, often found in noisy groups, and we shall make a concerted effort to find both of these restricted-range species.

A mix of verdant pine-oak forests, brushy thickets and small fertile fields adds to the diversity of this interesting area which is home to several other Mexican specialities. The attractive but often unobtrusive Strickland’s Woodpecker is endemic to a tiny area of central Mexico. The fetching Buff-breasted Flycatcher is the most distinctive member of that nightmare genus Empidonax. This group of flycatchers is often considered to be the bane of New World birders because they can be so difficult to identify. Other regional endemics include White-eared Hummingbird and the attractive Grey Silky-flycatcher.

Amongst the many other species that we may well encounter during our time in the area are Broad-billed and Broad-tailed Hummingbirds, Northern Flicker (of the red-shafted form), Dusky Flycatcher, Mexican Chickadee, American Bushtit, Pygmy and White-breasted Nuthatches, Brown Creeper, Ruby-crowned Kinglet, Western Bluebird, American Robin, Curve-billed Thrasher, Hutton’s Vireo, Elegant (or Blue-hooded) Euphonia (usually found in mistletoe), Canyon and Spotted Towhees, Chipping Sparrow, Yellow-eyed Junco, Eastern Meadowlark, House Finch and Red (or Common) Crossbill.

We shall also visit a vast reedbed where the endemic Black-polled Yellowthroat can be found. It is known only from a few marshes in Mexico’s central belt, drainage of which now threatens the continuing survival of the species. With luck, we will be able to compare its head pattern with that of the Common Yellowthroat, which can also be found here.

These once extensive marshes were inhabited by the Slender-billed Grackle, a colonial icterid that was last observed at the beginning of the twentieth century. Unrelenting drainage of the Lerma marshes has led to the extirpation of this reed-loving species.

Secretive Soras forage along the reed edges, where Song Sparrows scratch in the soil. Flocks of Red-winged and Yellow-headed Blackbirds swoosh over the reeds and amongst them we will try to find the localized ‘Bicolored Blackbird’. The latter is usually considered to be a race of the more widespread Red-winged Blackbird but is a local breeding species that can easily be identified by the lack of a pale border to the red wing coverts in the male.

Other species of the area include Least, Pied-billed and Eared (or Black-necked) Grebes, Black-crowned Night Heron, White-faced Ibis, Mexican Duck, Northern Shoveler, Northern Harrier, Common Gallinule, Wilson’s Snipe, Horned Lark, Tree and Cliff Swallows, and Brown-headed Cowbird.

Southern Mexico: Day 3  This morning we will visit an area of natural arid oak scrub at the edge of Mexico City. Here we should be able to locate the endemic Hooded Yellowthroat, which unlike most other members of the genus Geothlypis favours dry brushy habitat.

Flowering trees and bushes sometimes attract Lucifer Hummingbirds and endemic Black-backed (or Abeille’s) Orioles, and we may also find the lovely, regional-endemic Rufous-capped Warbler, as well as Ladder-backed Woodpecker, Woodhouse’s Scrub Jay, Rufous-crowned and Black-chinned Sparrows, Northern Cardinal, Bronzed Cowbird and Lesser Goldfinch.

Afterwards, we will drive southwards via the expressway to Oaxaca de Juárez (or Oaxaca City) for a three nights stay.

Southern Mexico: Days 4-5  One’s first impression of Oaxaca City, the capital of the state of Oaxaca, is of a pleasant town of airy patios and pink arcades, famous for its Indian markets, surrounded by a desert plain amidst barren mountains. On closer examination, we find that this area was once the bed of a vast lake and careful irrigation by the Oaxaqueño farmers led to lush green vegetable and flower fields growing alongside desert cacti and scrub. Above the city, clear streams tumble down from pine-clad peaks.

The Oaxaca basin and the surrounding uplands are home to some rare and localized species: more Mexican endemics can be found in this area than anywhere else in the country. During our time here we will visit the undisturbed mixed pine-oak forests on Cerro San Felipe, looking for interesting endemics including Mexican Whip-poor-will, the rare Dwarf Jay, Russet Nightingale-Thrush, Rufous-capped Brushfinch and the skulking Collared Towhee. In addition, we may well encounter Mountain Trogon, Pine Flycatcher, the stunning Chestnut-sided Shrike-Vireo, the dazzling Crescent-chested Warbler and Black-vented Oriole, all of which are restricted to the highland forests of Mexico and northern Central America. The truly exquisite Red Warbler, with its shiny silver cheeks, eclipses even the brightest of its northern cousins and often travels with them in mixed flocks.

We will also search an area of dense thorn scrub and oak thickets for such endemics as Dusky and Beautiful Hummingbirds, the rare Pileated Flycatcher, Nutting’s Flycatcher, Boucard’s Wren, the unusual Ocellated Thrasher, Blue Mockingbird, White-throated Towhee and Oaxaca Sparrow.

In a desert area with many organpipe cacti, we will find the endemic Grey-breasted Woodpecker and the boldly marked and endearing Bridled Sparrow. Rocky outcrops and inspiring Zapotec ruins are inhabited by curious Canyon and Rock Wrens. A small lake often holds a nice selection of water-loving birds including Ruddy Duck, American Coot, Killdeer, Spotted and Solitary Sandpipers, Black Phoebe and Buff-bellied (or American) Pipit.

Other specialities in this area include the near-endemic Thick-billed Kingbird, the strange-sounding, regional-endemic Brown-backed Solitaire and the near-endemic Audubon’s Oriole. Another good bird here is Olive Warbler, nowadays a monotypic bird family. If we are very fortunate we will even come across the outstanding and highly-prized endemic Aztec Thrush or the unpretentious, regional-endemic Grey-collared Becard.

Other more widespread species we may well encounter in this marvellous area include Northern Crested Caracara, Band-tailed Pigeon, Common Ground Dove, Mourning and White-winged Doves, Groove-billed Ani, the angry-looking Mountain Pygmy Owl, Rivoli’s (or Magnificent) Hummingbird, Elegant Trogon, Acorn and Hairy Woodpeckers, Vermilion and Ash-throated Flycatchers, Greater Pewee, Western and Cassin’s Kingbirds, Northern Raven, Steller’s Jay, Grey-breasted Wood Wren, Bewick’s Wren, Ruddy-capped Nightingale-Thrush, Northern Mockingbird, Cedar Waxwing, Plumbeous Vireo, Orange-crowned, Virginia’s, Nashville, Audubon’s, Black-throated Grey, Townsend’s, Hermit and MacGillivray’s Warblers, the striking Golden-browed Warbler, Slate-throated Whitestart, Black-headed Grosbeak, Indigo Bunting, Lark and Lincoln’s Sparrows, and Scott’s and Hooded Orioles.

Southern Mexico: Day 6  Today we will continue southwards, passing through the spectacular Sierra Madre del Sur en route to Puerto Angel on Mexico’s Pacific coast for a two nights stay. We will arrive in time for some initial exploration.

Southern Mexico: Day 7  During our time at Puerto Angel we will explore the nearby foothills of the Sierra Madre del Sur where shade coffee groves provide an alternative environment for two endemic and extremely localized hummingbirds: the magnificent Oaxaca (or Blue-capped) Hummingbird and the attractive Cinnamon-sided Hummingbird. Other endemics in this area include Colima Pygmy Owl, Grey-crowned Woodpecker, Happy Wren and Golden Vireo. Additional species we may find today include Cooper’s, Broad-winged and Zone-tailed Hawks, Bright-rumped Attila, House Wren, Hepatic Tanager, the gorgeous Red-headed Tanager, Summer Tanager, Common Bush Tanager and Greyish Saltator.

Further into the mountains, we will explore the mixed pine-oak forest where the stunning little White-throated Jay, another extremely localized endemic, can sometimes be found making its way through the forest understorey. Black-headed Siskin, a regional endemic, can also be found here.

We will also take a boat trip offshore in search of seabirds. Pink-footed Shearwater, Black Storm Petrel, Brown Booby and Magnificent Frigatebird are all regularly encountered and with a modicum of luck and the right weather conditions, we could encounter some of the scarcer species, which include the rare endemic Townsend’s Shearwater (which breeds on the remote Islas Revillagigedo), Galapagos Shearwater, Least Storm Petrel (a Mexican breeding endemic), Nazca Booby, Pomarine Jaeger, Franklin’s and Sabine’s Gulls, and Black, Royal and Common Terns.

Southern Mexico: Day 8  After some final birding in the Puerto Angel region we will travel eastwards along the southern edge of the windswept Isthmus of Tehuantepec to the city of Tehuantepec, where we will overnight.

Southern Mexico: Day 9  The almost impenetrable, low, xerophytic, thorny scrub near Tehuantepec is home to the well-marked Cinnamon-tailed (or Sumichrast’s) Sparrow. Known only from this tiny corner of Mexico (just around the Oaxaca-Chiapas state border) this is an inveterate skulker inhabiting grassy edges in this restricted habitat. Doubleday’s Hummingbird is another endemic we may well encounter here amongst the flowering shrubs, and we will surely see some more Orange-breasted Buntings.

Other species we may well encounter include the charismatic Lesser Ground-Cuckoo, the enigmatic, regional-endemic Lesser Roadrunner, Grey-breasted Martin, Yellow Warbler and Stripe-headed Sparrow.

After this enjoyable interlude, we will continue eastwards to the hill country of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. Here we will search the tangled vegetation of the foothill gullies for two of Mexico’s most dazzling endemics.

The Orange-breasted Bunting, whose shimmering turquoise upperparts, bright yellow-green cap and golden underparts have to be seen to be believed, is a true Mexican gem. Every bit as good as Orange-breasted Bunting, and with a tiny range, is the fabulous Rosita’s (or Rose-bellied) Bunting. The male is a vivid blue bird with a shocking pink belly, and seeing, admiring and enjoying this spectacular avian jewel will no doubt be yet another of the highlights of this remarkable tour.

Raucous screams may reveal the presence of the endemic West Mexican Chachalaca, while the endemic Green-fronted Hummingbird and the endemic Sclater’s Wren also make a living here. Colourful endemic Citreoline Trogons and Russet-crowned Motmots perch stolidly in the sub-canopy. Other species we should encounter include Ferruginous Pygmy Owl, Northern Beardless Tyrannulet, the spectacular, restricted-range White-throated Magpie-Jay and Streak-backed Oriole.

Eventually,  we will reach the small town of Arriaga where we will stray overnight.

Southern Mexico: Day 10  In the varied habitats surrounding the small coastal village of Puerto Arista we will experience one of the birdiest days of the tour. Mangrove-lined lagoons, a wide sandy shore along the peaceful Pacific Ocean, wide mudflats bordering a meandering tidal arm, extensive groves of small thorny trees, spiny thickets, pastures, fields with brushy edges, copses of mangoes and huge ceibo trees offering shade to the small farms will allow us to notch up a bird list featuring both quality and quantity.

Before dawn, we will be waiting under an impressive kapok tree for the distinctive rather gruff call of the Pacific Screech Owl and hope to catch this tiny nocturnal critter in the beam of our spotlight. The dawn chorus here is dominated by the loud chattering of regionally-endemic White-bellied Chachalacas and the chortling, rollicking song of the Giant Wren. The latter is endemic to a narrow coastal strip of the state of Chiapas, but luckily this impressive bird is quite common here and the noisy and showy family groups are a feature of this area. The White-bellied Chachalaca, here at the extreme western end of its area of distribution, is often hunted and so the birds keep a low profile deep in the thickets after their vociferous morning display is over. Boisterous and flashy regional-endemic Yellow-winged (or Mexican) Caciques flit through the flowering trees, where we also hope to see the localized Spot-breasted Oriole.

Other species we could well find in this habitat include White-tailed and Hook-billed Kites, Sharp-shinned, Grey, Harris’s, Crane and White-tailed Hawks, Laughing Falcon, Red-billed Pigeon, Ruddy Ground Dove, Orange-fronted and Pacific Parakeets, White-fronted Parrot, Pauraque, Lesser Nighthawk, Cinnamon Hummingbird, Common Tody-Flycatcher, Least Flycatcher, the endearing Scissor-tailed Flycatcher, Northern Rough-winged Swallow, Grey-crowned Yellowthroat, the exquisite Painted Bunting, White-collared Seedeater, Melodious Blackbird, the attractive Orchard, Altamira and Baltimore Orioles, and Blue-black Grassquit.

Later in the morning, when bird activity has ebbed away with the increased heat, we will divert to the nearby coastal lagoons, where a rewarding assortment of waterbirds can be found, including American White Pelican, Neotropic Cormorant, Anhinga, Bare-throated Tiger Heron, Great Blue, Little Blue, Tricolored and Green Herons, Great, Snowy, Western Cattle and Reddish Egrets, White Ibis, Roseate Spoonbill, Wood Stork, Blue-winged Teal, Western Osprey, Snail Kite, Northern Jacana, Grey (or Black-bellied), Semipalmated, Snowy and Wilson’s Plovers, Black-necked Stilt, American Avocet, Greater and Lesser Yellowlegs, Willet, Western, Semipalmated and Least Sandpipers, Sanderling, Hudsonian Whimbrel, Marbled Godwit, Ruddy Turnstone, Short-billed Dowitcher, Laughing Gull, Gull-billed, Sandwich and Caspian Terns, Black Skimmer, Ringed, Belted and Green Kingfishers, Mangrove Swallow and Northern Waterthrush.

Afterwards, we will head for the city of Tuxtla Guttierez, the capital of the state of Chiapas, for a two nights stay. We will have another opportunity to bird the Isthmus of Tehuatepec should we still need to.

Southern Mexico: Day 11  The great canyon of El Sumidero, just north of Tuxtla, is an awe-inspiring sight. As we gaze down at the Rio Grijalva, far below, we may hear the sound of some distant songbird carried up to us by the wind or we may see a Short-tailed Hawk join the vultures soaring against the massive 1000m (roughly 3300ft) cliffs.

The main ornithological attractions of the area lie along the road which bisects the woods of the canyon rim. At lower altitudes, we find bamboo-cloaked dry thorn bush, which changes to evergreen woodland at higher elevations.

A series of rare and localized regional endemics are to be found in this wonderful place. The elegant Belted Flycatcher and Bar-winged Oriole can regularly be found here, but most prized of all is the gorgeous Red-breasted Chat. Actually a warbler, a good view of this skulking slate, white and red bird moving quietly through the thorny bush, tail cocked, is ample reward for a persistent search. The handsome Blue-and-white Mockingbird is another skulker, but fortunately, a proud singer, which may well help us find it. The delightful Fan-tailed Warbler is usually encountered near army ant swarms, where it will feed, undisturbed by our presence, on the insects that have been flushed by the marauding ants. Its intricate tail movements will remind us of Asian fantails. The fabulous Slender Sheartail is one of the great prizes here. At this time of year their favourite flowers are available and so we have a good chance of getting good looks at this lovely, but often unobtrusive hummingbird. Ridgway’s Rough-winged Swallows sometimes perch on overhead wires and the inconspicuous Flammulated Flycatcher betrays its presence with its piercing song.

Other restricted-range specialities of the area include the raucous Plain Chachalaca, the smart Highland Guan (which betrays its presence by its loud whistles), the near-endemic Buff-collared Nightjar, Canivet’s Emerald, Azure-crowned Hummingbird, the impressive Great Swallow-tailed Swift, Couch’s Kingbird and Olive Sparrow.

At this time of year, the widely-distributed but usually very hard-to-see Pheasant Cuckoo relentlessly utters its call from the patches of evergreen forest and hopefully, we will be able to feast our eyes on this much-wanted species.

Other widespread species include Brown Pelican (here far away from its more typical coastal habitat), Black and Turkey Vultures, Peregrine Falcon, Northern Bobwhite, Inca and White-tipped Doves, Squirrel Cuckoo, White-collared and Vaux’s Swifts, Buff-bellied and Ruby-throated Hummingbirds, Plain-capped Starthroat, Gartered and Collared Trogons, Velasquez’s Woodpecker, Lineated Woodpecker, Barred Antshrike, Greenish Elaenia, Yellow-olive Flatbill, Dusky-capped, Brown-crested, Sulphur-bellied, Boat-billed and Social Flycatchers, Great Kiskadee, Tropical Kingbird, Violet-green Barn and Cave Swallows, the secretive Banded and Cabanis’s (or Plain) Wrens, Swainson’s and Clay-colored Thrushes, Tropical Mockingbird, Rufous-browed Peppershrike, Black-and-white, Tennessee, Magnolia and Wilson’s Warblers, American Redstart, Scrub and Yellow-throated Euphonias, Western Tanager, the amazing Yellow Grosbeak, appealing Varied and Blue Buntings, Rusty Sparrow, Great-tailed Grackle and Bronzed Cowbird.

Southern Mexico: Day 9  Early this morning we will visit an area of limestone karst habitat where we stand a good chance of finding the most enigmatic of Mexico’s 32 species of wrens. The striking Nava’s Wren favours bare limestone rocks, pinnacles and small cliffs, infested with an impenetrable tangle of vines and trees. Its beautiful and far-carrying song will lure us inside this amazing habitat where, with a bit of luck, we will be able to admire this little-known endemic at close range as it clambers over rocks before disappearing into its strange environment.

Other species we may well find here include the very localized endemic Long-tailed Sabrewing, as well as Grey-headed Dove, Stripe-throated Hermit, Stripe-tailed and Rufous-tailed Hummingbirds, Blackburnian and Chestnut-sided Warblers, Bananaquit, Red-legged Honeycreeper, Red-throated Ant Tanager, Black-faced Grosbeak and Yellow-faced Grassquit.

Afterwards, we will continue northwards to Catemaco in the southeastern part of the state of Veracruz, where we will stay for two nights. The town is situated on the shores of the huge Laguna de Catemaco, dominated by the surrounding Sierra de los Tuxtlas.

Southern Mexico: Day 12  We will spend our time in the Catemaco area birding in the forests of the Sierra de los Tuxtlas. Our prime targets are three extremely localized Mexican endemics that are restricted to this small part of the country, Tuxtla Quail-Dove, Blue-capped Motmot and Long-tailed Sabrewing. Black-throated Shrike-Tanager is another restricted-range speciality that we may also come across.

The Sierra de los Tuxtlas is a very rich and exciting area for birds in general and additional species we may encounter here include Great, Slaty-breasted and Little Tinamous, Muscovy Duck, Snail, Double-toothed and Grey-headed Kites, White and Black-collared Hawks, Ornate and Black Hawk-Eagles, Russet-naped Wood Rail, Sungrebe, Scaled and Short-billed Pigeons, Blue Ground Dove, Ruddy Quail-Dove, Long-billed Hermit, Long-billed Starthroat, Violet Sabrewing, Spectacled, Mottled, Black-and-white and Striped Owls, Slaty-tailed Trogon, Ringed, Belted, Amazon, Green and Green-and-rufous Kingfishers, Black-cheeked Woodpecker, Wedge-billed, Streak-headed and Spot-crowned Woodcreepers, Rufous-breasted Spinetail, Buff-throated and Scaly-throated Foliage-gleaners, Barred Antshrike, Yellow-bellied Tyrannulet, Sepia-capped and Yellowish Flycatchers, Stub-tailed Spadebill, Sulphur-rumped Myiobius, Tropical Kingbird, Northern Schiffornis, Green Shrike-Vireo, Slate-coloured Nightingale-Thrush, Chestnut-capped Brushfinch, Black-faced Grosbeak, Chestnut-headed Oropendola, Olive-backed Euphonia and Blue-crowned Chlorophonia.

If we are lucky we will come across one of the rarer denizens of the area, such as Tody Motmot, Barred Forest Falcon or Collared Forest Falcon.

Southeast Mexico: Day 13  After some final birding in the Sierra de los Tuxtlas, we will head for the bustling little town of Tuxtepec for a two nights stay.

Southern Mexico: Day 14  On the Atlantic slope of the Sierra de Juarez a diversity of habitats range from lowland and montane rainforests through cloud forest to lovely mixed pine-oak woodland on the higher ridges. As a result of this diversity, a wide variety of birds can be expected, but we will, of course, focus on Mexican/Central American endemics and specialities.

Early in the morning, we may flush a shy White-faced Quail-Dove from the roadside or chance upon a secretive White-naped Brushfinch feeding at the edge of a track. The most characteristic sound of these forests is the ethereal, haunting song of the self-effacing Slate-colored Solitaire, but finding the songster itself can be quite tricky. The localized Unicolored Jay is often found in roving bands and we may also find the diminutive Dwarf Jay rummaging around in the pines.

Imitating the song of the Central American Pygmy Owl (a member of the Least Pygmy-Owl complex) often attracts mobbing passerines that may include Yellow-winged Tanager and the enchanting Blue-crowned Chlorophonia (both regional endemics), and hopefully also the owl itself. Tiny regional-endemic Bumblebee and Amethyst-throated Hummingbirds, as well as Berylline Hummingbirds, are attracted to the rich flower banks where we should also encounter regional-endemic Cinnamon-bellied Flower-piercers doing their thing. Other regional endemics we hope to find here include the shy Long-tailed Wood Partridge, Rufous-breasted Spinetail, the furtive Mayan (or Mexican) Antthrush and the large Grey-barred Wren.

Other species of more widespread distribution include the lovely White Hawk, Roadside and Red-tailed Hawks, Barred Forest Falcon, American Kestrel, Crested Guan, Brown-hooded Parrot, Striped Cuckoo, Chestnut-collared Swift, Long-tailed Hermit, Keel-billed Toucan, Smoky-brown and Golden-olive Woodpeckers, Ruddy Foliage-gleaner, Olivaceous, Strong-billed, Spotted and Spot-crowned Woodcreepers, Yellow-bellied Elaenia, Northern Tufted, Hammond’s, Olive-sided and Piratic Flycatchers, the pretty Rose-throated Becard, Spot-breasted Wren, noisy but unobtrusive White-breasted Wood Wren, Long-billed Gnatwren, the secretive Black-headed and Orange-billed Nightingale-Thrushes, Hermit, Black and White-throated Thrushes, Blue-headed, Cassin’s and Warbling Vireos, Golden-crowned Warbler, Crimson-collared and White-winged Tanagers, Buff-throated and Black-headed Saltators, Rose-breasted and Blue Grosbeaks, Black-cowled Oriole and the retiring Yellow-billed Cacique.

Southern Mexico: Day 15  After some final birding in the Sierra de Juarez we will drive to Cordoba for an overnight stay.

Short stops at wetlands along the way may well produce Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture, Black-bellied Whistling Duck, Limpkin and Northern Jacana. We should arrive in Cordobá in time for some initial exploration.

Southern Mexico: Day 16  The area surrounding the town of Cordobá in the state of Veracruz is the centre of Mexico’s coffee-growing industry and it is here, on limestone outcrops where coffee is grown under shade trees, that we will be wanting to find the rare Sumichrast’s (or Slender-billed) Wren. This elusive endemic species is only known from karst outcroppings in central Veracruz and adjoining northern Oaxaca, where it plays hide and seek in the many nooks and crannies of this distinctive habitat.

The mournful calls of secretive Thicket Tinamous and the quavering whistles of cautious Singing Quails, both of which are regional endemics, emanate from the forested hills. We will keep an eye out for fruiting trees that are often visited by Red-lored Parrots, colourful Keel-billed Toucans, Emerald Toucanets (now restricted to Mexico and northern Central America after taxonomic revision), Collared Aracaris and feisty Montezuma Oropendolas, whilst the regional-endemic Curve-winged (or Wedge-tailed) Sabrewing and White-bellied Emerald flit about in flowering bushes.

Other species we may well find here include such regional endemics as Olive-throated Parakeet, Lesson’s (or Blue-diademed) Motmot, and Ivory-billed Woodcreeper, as well as White-crowned Parrot, Masked Tityra, the vociferous Brown Jay, the handsome Green Jay, Band-backed Wren, Blue-grey Gnatcatcher and Tropical Parula.

Afterwards, we will head for Veracuz airport, where our tour ends in the afternoon.

(There are frequent flights from Veracruz to México City.)

 

YUCATAN PENINSULA PRE-TOUR EXTENSION

Yucatan: Day 1  Our tour begins this evening at the city of Cancun, situated in the far northeast of the Yucatan Peninsula.

Yucatan: Day 2  This morning we will take the ferry across to the island of Cozumel, where we will stay overnight.

Although well known to the Mayas, who called it ‘Island of Swallows’, little remains of their influence on Cozumel now. A low-lying island surrounded by emerald seas and covered in dense scrub and woodland, this was Hernando Cortés’s choice of base from which to launch his conquest of this region of Mexico. Nowadays Cozumel is very much a tourist resort, although fortunately it lacks the tackiness of the much larger Cancun across the water and remains a pleasant backwater favoured by scuba divers (for its reefs are some of the finest in the Caribbean) and more discerning sun-seekers.

For birders, Cozumel is a very easy and productive spot, with a mixture of habitats ranging from coastal beaches, lagoons and mangroves to low woodland and large, overgrown pastures. No fewer than four endemic species inhabit the island, and from about September to April many winter visitors from North America are present.

During the autumn months, Cozumel has occasionally been struck by hurricanes, as have so many coastal areas in the region. Severe hurricanes in the 1980s and early 21st century appear to have wiped out the endemic Cozumel Thrasher, which was formerly a common species on the island. The other endemic birds on the island fared better: Cozumel Emerald, Cozumel Wren and Cozumel Vireo are not uncommon in the shrubby woodlands that cover much of the island.

We will also explore the woodland and weedy pastures for such Yucatan endemics or regional endemics as Yucatan Amazon, Yucatan Nightjar, Yucatan Flycatcher, Black Catbird, Yucatan Vireo and Rose-throated Tanager, and species largely restricted to Caribbean islands such as White-crowned Pigeon, Caribbean Dove, Smooth-billed Ani (uncommon), Caribbean Elaenia and the Cozumel form of Western Spindalis, a potential split.

In a marshy area, we will make a special effort to get good views of the endearing Ruddy Crake (another regional endemic), as well as Grey-crowned Yellowthroat.

We should also encounter Magnificent Frigatebird, Royal Tern, Mangrove Cuckoo, Pauraque, Green-breasted Mango, Flammulated Attila, Brown-crested Flycatcher, Tropical Mockingbird, Blue-grey Gnatcatcher, Northern Parula, Yellow, Magnolia, Yellow-throated and Palm Warblers, Ovenbird, Northern Waterthrush, Common Yellowthroat, Bananaquit, Blue Grosbeak, Indigo Bunting and Yellow-faced Grassquit.

Yucatan: Day 3  After some final birding on Cozumel we will cross to the mainland of Mexico and then drive to the small town of Río Lagartos on the north coast of the Yucatan Peninsula for a two nights stay. As we head northwards the vegetation becomes drier and more stunted, which is characteristic of the very arid and often windswept northern coast of this huge peninsula.

Yucatan: Day 4  The extensive, mangrove-lined estuary and lagoons at Río Lagartos are known as the Ría Lagartos and this area combined with the extensive saltpans at nearby Las Coloradas forms a paradise for waterbirds. Now well-protected, this is one of the most impressive wetland areas in all Mexico and has become famous for its large flocks of flamingos in particular. The small town of Río Lagartos fronts on to the estuary and some of the local fishermen have turned to guiding visiting birders. At dusk, there is a spectacular roost of cormorants, herons, egrets, ibises and spoonbills in the mangroves right opposite the town.

Before we enjoy the waterbird spectacle we will track down two endemic species which are restricted to the low scrub and woodland along the north coast of the Yucatan Peninsula, the attractive Mexican Sheartail and the noisy Yucatan Wren. Both are fairly easy to find in this area, as are the more widespread endemic Yucatan Bobwhite and Yucatan Woodpecker. We will have to make more of an effort, travelling further west, to see the perky Yucatan Gnatcatcher.

As we explore the farmland with its expanses of native scrub or wander through some relict forest patches amongst the mangroves, we should also come across Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture, Crane Hawk, Common Black Hawk, Northern Crested Caracara, Killdeer, Common Ground Dove, Olive-throated Parakeet, the wonderful Lesser Roadrunner, Cinnamon Hummingbird, Turquoise-browed Motmot, Least and Vermilion Flycatchers, Tree Swallow, Mangrove Vireo, Scrub Euphonia, Northern Cardinal, Blue-black Grassquit, Red-winged and Melodious Blackbirds and Altamira Oriole.

The huge saltpans at Las Coloradas offer great birding. Several thousand American Flamingoes can be found here, and if we come across a big gathering the shimmering pink mass and regular lines of new arrivals flighting in will create quite an impression. Along the sandy shoreline, we will come across many Brown Pelicans, joining the gulls to see if there are titbits to pick up as the local fishermen bring their catches ashore. Laughing Gulls are numerous, and there are often one or two Kelp Gulls, American Herring Gulls and Lesser Black-backed Gulls present in the area, while Cabot’s Terns patrol just off the beach. Rather surprisingly, Zenaida Doves seem to love the beach area. This Caribbean island speciality only reaches the mainland in this part of Mexico. As we wander around the saltpans flocks of Double-crested and Neotropic Cormorants will fly past and we will come across a splendid variety of shorebirds including Snowy and Semipalmated Plovers, American Oystercatcher, Black-necked Stilt, Greater and Lesser Yellowlegs, Willet, Ruddy Turnstone, Sanderling, Spotted, Semipalmated, Western, Least and Stilt Sandpipers, and Short-billed Dowitcher. Western Ospreys, Caspian Terns and Forster’s Terns fish in the lagoons, Gull-billed Terns hunt for large insects and from time to time a wintering Peregrine Falcon puts the shorebird flocks to flight.

The Ría Lagartos itself attracts American White Pelicans that fish in the wider reaches of the estuary, bizarre Black Skimmers resting on sandbars and Mangrove Swallows hawking insects over the waters. The main attractions of the mangrove-lined waterways are the large but secretive Bare-throated Tiger-Heron and the strange, prehistoric-looking Boat-billed Heron (often considered a monotypic family). The former is impressive enough but the latter, as it stares at us with those enormous black eyes positioned over that incredible bill, is one of those birds that one remembers forever! Here too we can expect to see Great Blue, Little Blue, Tricolored and Green Herons, Great, Snowy and Reddish Egrets, Yellow-crowned Night Heron, White Ibis and the lovely Roseate Spoonbill. The localized Rufous-necked Wood Rail occurs in these mangroves, but we will think ourselves lucky if we come across this uncommon and shy bird.

Yucatan: Day 5  After some final birding around Río Lagartos or further to the west, we will head southwards to Felipe Carrillo Puerto for a two nights stay.

Yucatan: Day 6  Felipe Carrillo Puerto is situated not far from the huge Sian Ka’an Biosphere Reserve and we shall bird along the excellent access road to the reserve, which passes through a large tract of primary and secondary forest, with varying levels of human disturbance. Early in the morning, we should come across Plain Chachalacas calling from high in the trees as White-fronted Amazons noisily flight out from their roosts and big Black-headed Saltators create a noisy cacophony. As we wander along the road, enjoying the easy birding conditions it provides, we will be looking out in particular for the endemic Yucatan Jay and Orange Oriole and regional endemics such as Wedge-tailed Sabrewing, White-bellied Emerald, White-bellied Wren and the stunning little Grey-throated Chat. The local form of the Carolina Wren is sometimes split as White-browed Wren.

Other birds likely to be seen in this rewarding area include Roadside Hawk, Buff-bellied Hummingbird, Black-headed Trogon, Turquoise-browed Motmot, Lineated Woodpecker, Olivaceous Woodcreeper, Yellow-bellied Elaenia, Tropical Pewee, Great Kiskadee, Couch’s Kingbird, Rose-throated Becard, Brown Jay, Spot-breasted Wren, Grey Catbird, White-eyed Vireo, Lesser Greenlet, the handsome Blue Bunting, White-collared Seedeater, Orchard and Hooded Orioles, and the striking Yellow-backed Oriole.

After dark, we can look for the cute Middle American Screech Owl, Northern Potoo and the rather elusive endemic Yucatan Poorwill.

Yucatan: Day 7  After some final birding in the Felipe Carillo Puerto area, we will return to Cancún and fly to Mexico City to meet up with those arriving for the main tour.

SOUTHERN MEXICO TOUR REPORT 2019

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SOUTHERN MEXICO TOUR REPORT 2017

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SOUTHERN MEXICO TOUR REPORT 2016

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EL TRIUNFO, MEXICO TOUR REPORT 2016

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