The Ultimate In Birding Tours

Asia (and its islands)

INDONESIA’S SOUTHERN MOLUCCAS – Ambon, Kai, Buru, Seram & Boano

Saturday 13th September – Thursday 25th September 2025

Leaders: Pete Morris and a local bird guide

13 Days Group Size Limit 7


Birdquest’s Indonesia birding tours to the Southern Moluccas explore the remote islands that form the farthest limits of Wallacea and the edge of the Australasian faunal region. Our Indonesia’s Southern Moluccas birding tour provides comprehensive coverage of the endemic-rich islands of Kai, Ambon, Buru, Seram and Boano, places which are still almost completely off the birding tour map!

In 1869 Alfred Russell Wallace wrote “Owing to the great preponderance among the birds of parrots, pigeons, kingfishers and sunbirds, almost all of gay or delicate colours and many adorned with the most gorgeous plumage, and to the numbers of very large and showy butterflies which are almost everywhere to be met with, the forests of the Moluccas offer to the naturalist a very striking example of the luxuriance and beauty of animal life in the tropics”. Why not see for yourself?

The Moluccas or Spice Islands form a major part of the region of present-day Indonesia that is named after this famous explorer and biologist. Wallacea is something of a transition zone between the Oriental and Australasian faunal realms and is home to a remarkable number of endemic species. This exciting trip will concentrate on the many and little-known endemics and specialities of the southern Moluccas and the easternmost Lesser Sundas in Indonesia, and covers areas of Wallacea not included in our Sulawesi & Halmahera or Lesser Sundas tours.

The Moluccas in Indonesia boast more than 80 endemic birds, of which around 60% occur on Buru, Ambon, the Kai Islands and Seram (and almost all of the remainder on Halmahera). In total, about 85 Wallacean endemics or restricted-range species should be encountered during this tour of eastern Indonesia. There is also scope to add to the ornithological information available for the region, as only a very small number of ornithologists and birders have ever visited these islands and many species are barely known.

Our Southern Moluccas birding tour starts on the island of Ambon, the political and airline hub of South Maluku (as the Indonesians call the Moluccas). We will have a chance to do some birding on this small, mountainous island. We will primarily be looking for its only near-endemic, Ambon White-eye, but we will also make a boat trip to neighbouring Haruku, where we can visit one of the best-preserved Dusky Megapode (or Dusky Scrubfowl) breeding areas.

Next, we will enjoy an exploration of the Kai Islands (Kai Kecil or Little Kai, Kai Besar or Great Kai, and Kai Dullah). Five endemics reside here: Kai Coucal, White-tailed Monarch, Kai Leaf Warbler, and Great Kai and Little Kai White-eyes.

From Ambon, we will take a short flight to Buru. This little-visited but beautifully forested island boasts 22 endemics, including the superb Buru Racket-tail, Buru Green Pigeon, Buru Dwarf Kingfisher, the handsome Buru form of the South Moluccan Pitta, Buru Thrush and Black-tipped Monarch, as well as Streak-breasted Jungle Flycatcher, Tawny-backed Fantail, and Buru White-eye. We also have our best chance of seeing the rare Lesser Masked Owl here.

Finally, after returning to Ambon, we will take the ferry across to the nearby, rugged island of Seram, the largest in Maluku, in search of its 15 endemics. Here we will be spending most of our time in the marvellous forests along the Trans-Seram highway through the impressive Manusela National Park, looking for the rare Salmon-crested Cockatoo, Purple-naped Lory, the Seram form of the South Moluccan Pitta, Seram Honeyeater, Rufescent Darkeye and Grey-hooded White-eye, as well as Streak-breasted Fantail and the highly distinctive Long-crested Myna. We even have the possibility of seeing the critically-endangered Chinese Crested Tern.

We will also visit the neighbouring island of Boano in search of the endemic Boano Monarch.

Birdquest has operated Indonesia’s Southern Moluccas birding tours to these remote islands since 2008.

This tour can be taken together with Remote Islands of the Banda Sea (which includes an exploration of Tanimbar).

Accommodation & Road Transport: The hotels on Ambon, Kai Kecil and Buru are of good or medium standard. On Seram, we will be staying in simple but comfortable guesthouses (with en-suite bathrooms). Road transport will be by cars and 4x4s. Roads range from good to poor.

Walking: The walking effort during our Indonesia’s Southern Moluccas birding tour is easy or moderate. There are three steeper walks (one for Seram Thrush is quite difficult).

Climate: Unpredictable and dependent on local topography, but at this season it should be mostly dry and often sunny, but there will likely be some rain. It is generally hot and humid in the lowlands and foothills. At high altitudes daytime temperatures are pleasant but it can get cold at night or when it rains.

Bird Photography: Opportunities during our Indonesia’s Southern Moluccas birding tour are worthwhile.



  • An astonishing variety of parrots, ranging from Purple-naped Lory and Moluccan King Parrot to Blue-streaked Lory and Yellow-capped Pygmy Parrot
  • Pigeons of all shapes, sizes and colour – the striking Great Cuckoo-Dove and superb Wallace’s Fruit Dove to name but two
  • Ascending the trail on remote, mountainous Kai Besar, home to Kai Leaf Warbler and Great Kai White-eye
  • Waiting at the edge of a sandy clearing to watch Dusky Megapodes as they come to bury their eggs
  • The forest riches of unspoilt Buru, and an amazing collection of endemics like Buru Racket-tail, Buru Thrush and Buru Boobook
  • Searching for Buru’s grail-bird, Madanga, a colourful arboreal forest pipit
  • Impressive and characterful Seram Cockatoos flapping over the untouched forests of Manusela National Park
  • Plying crystal-clear waters to tiny Pulau Lusaolate for Olive Honeyeater, and a chance of the critically endangered Chinese Crested Tern
  • A boat trip to little-known Boano Island; a pilgrimage for Black-chinned (or Boano) Monarch


  • Day 1: Morning tour start at Ambon. Evening visit to Haruku.
  • Day 2: Fly to Tual on Kai Cecil, Kai islands. Explore Kai Cecil.
  • Day 3: Exploring Kai Besar. Overnight at Tual.
  • Day 4: Kai Cecil, then fly to Ambon, then fly to Buru. Overnight at Namlea.
  • Day 5: Drive to Waspait via Waslabi.
  • Days 6-7: Exploring Wamlana and Danau Rana. Overnights at Waspait.
  • Day 8: Waspait area, then return to Namlea. Fly to Ambon.
  • Day 9: Ferry to Masohi, Seram. Drive to Sawai.
  • Days 10-11: Explore Manusela National Park and surroundings. Overnights at Sawai.
  • Day 12: Manusela National Park, then drive to Piru.
  • Day 13: Visit Boano island, then return to Masohi. Short ferry transfer to Ambon for afternoon tour end.

To see a larger map, click on the square-like ‘enlarge’ icon in the upper right of the map box.

To see (or hide) the ‘map legend’, click on the icon with an arrow in the upper left of the map box.

To change to a satellite view, which is great for seeing the physical terrain (and for seeing really fine details by repetitive use of the + button), click on the square ‘map view’ icon in the lower left corner of the ‘map legend’.


Birdquest Inclusions: Our tour prices include surface transportation, accommodations, meals and entrance fees.

We also include all tipping for local guides, drivers, boatmen and accommodation/restaurant staff.

We also include these flights:

Ambon-Tual (Kai)-Ambon

Ambon-Namlea (Buru)-Ambon (or we travel by ferry if there are no suitable flights).

Deposit: 20% of the total tour price. Our office will let you know what deposit amount is due, in order to confirm your booking, following receipt of your online booking form.

TO BOOK THIS TOUR: Click here (you will need the tour dates)

2025: provisional £4120, $5290, €4810, AUD7980. Ambon/Ambon.

Single Supplement: 2025: £320, $420, €380, AUD630.

The single supplement will not apply if you indicate on booking that you prefer to share a room and there is a room-mate of the same sex available.

This tour is priced in US Dollars. Amounts shown in other currencies are indicative.

Air Travel To & From The Tour: Our in-house IATA ticket agency will be pleased to arrange your air travel on request, or you may arrange this yourself if you prefer.


Indonesia’s Southern Moluccas: Day 1  Our tour begins this morning at Ambon, where we will stay overnight.

The small, volcanic island of Ambon is the political centre of the South Maluku (southern Moluccas), and the regional transport ‘hub’ for this region o0f Indonesia. It lies to the southwest of the much larger island of Seram, which itself is situated between the larger islands of Sulawesi and New Guinea, on the northern fringes of the rich Banda Sea.

Here we will explore some forest patches in search of Ambon’s only near-endemic, the unobtrusive Ambon White-eye.

There are also other species on offer on Ambon, including Australasian Grebe, Variable Goshawk, Rufous-tailed Bush Hen, Common Emerald Dove, Seram Imperial Pigeon, Pied Imperial Pigeon, Uniform Swiftlet, Lazuli Kingfisher, the Ambon form of the Seram Golden Bulbul (a potential split), Seram Drongo, Spectacled Monarch, Metallic Starling, and Ashy Flowerpecker.

This afternoon we will take a speedboat from the east coast of Ambon across to the neighbouring island of Haruku. This will be our opportunity to visit what is perhaps the largest Dusky Megapode (or Dusky Scrubfowl) breeding area that remains. The birds gather at night to lay their eggs in sandy openings amongst the coastal vegetation. The eggs are incubated by the warmth of the sun and from there, the fully independent young hatch. Many of the eggs are dug up by local people for food, but the colony seems to be very well managed. Some of the birds are present in the late afternoon, so it is often not necessary to wait until dark to get good views.

Indonesia’s Southern Moluccas: Day 2  This morning we will fly to Tual, on the island of Kai Kecil, for a two nights stay. Upon arrival, we will begin our exploration of the island.

Indonesia’s Southern Moluccas: Day 3  Kai Kecil and Kai Besar (Little and Great Kai) are two small islands situated far to the southeast of Seram. They are the two largest pieces of land in the Kai archipelago and consist of raised coralline limestone. Large areas of forest on Kai Kecil have been cleared for the timber industry, and what remains is becoming increasingly difficult to access. Hilly Kai Besar on the other hand, is in a much more virginal state and is mostly forested.

Fortunately, even in areas that have previously been cleared of forest, many of the special birds of the islands seem able to survive in patches of secondary forest and even scrub. One of the most obvious endemics is the entirely greenish-black Kai Coucal, which clambers clumsily about in any area of dense growth. The handsome, but rather shy White-tailed Monarch often joins the mixed-species flocks, whilst Golden-bellied (or Little Kai) White-eyes travel about in family groups. The latter is endemic to Kai Kecil and lacks an obvious white eyering.

To find the Pearl-bellied (or Great Kai) White-eye, we will take a speedboat to the island of Kai Besar. The white-eye is quite common and easily found, but the highly distinctive Kai Leaf Warbler (plucked from the taxonomic dustbin that was once Island Leaf Warbler) only occurs above 400m elevation, so seeing it will require an uphill walk along a forest trail.

The local form of the Wallacean Drongo is sometimes split as Kai Drongo and there are also distinctive and potentially ‘splitable’ forms of Wallacean Cuckooshrike and Northern and Arafura Fantails. Kai Cicadabird, a small island specialist, is restricted to Kai, Tanimbar and a few small islands.

Other species that we will be searching for in the Kai islands include Pacific Reef Heron, Osprey, Pacific Baza, Orange-footed Scrubfowl, White-bibbed Fruit Dove, Pied Imperial Pigeon, Barred Dove, the lovely Eclectus Parrot and tiny Yellow-capped Pygmy Parrot, the antediluvian-looking Channel-billed Cuckoo, Common Dollarbird, Varied Triller, Island Monarch, Australasian (or Green) Figbird, and Grey-headed and Island Whistlers. The local form of the Barking Owl, remigialis, is uncommon and was previously placed in Australian Boobook, although by voice it is clearly a Barking Owl.

Indonesia’s Southern Moluccas: Day 4  After some final birding on Kai Kecil we will fly back to Ambon and take a short onward flight to Namlea, the capital of the island of Buru, for an overnight stay.

Indonesia’s Southern Moluccas: Day 5  The island of Buru in eastern Indonesia holds at least 22 endemic birds and has been visited by very few ornithologists since Wallace explored it in 1861. Much of the island is mountainous, with peaks reaching an altitude of 2429m. Most of the lowland forest has been logged, but the extensive uplands are still largely clothed in superb forest, much of it primary.

From Namlea we will drive to our accommodation at Waspait, mid-way along the north coast, which for three nights will be our base for forays southwards into the forested highlands.

In the Waspait area, we will visit some lowland forest. Here we should find Buru White-eye along with other endemics like Buru Golden Bulbul, Buru Drongo, Buru (or Black-faced) Friarbird and Buru Flowerpecker.

We should also find the restricted-range Amboyna Cuckoo-Dove, Superb Fruit Dove, Buru Green Pigeon, Buru (or Spectacled) Imperial Pigeon, Red-cheeked Parrot, Moluccan Cuckoo, Lesser Coucal, Seram Swiftlet, Moustached Treeswift, Collared Kingfisher, Pale Cicadabird (a Moluccan endemic), Northern Fantail, Drab Whistler (endemic to the Moluccas and Sula island), Black Sunbird, the regionally-endemic Black-breasted Sunbird and Black-faced Munia. Palearctic migrants are few, but if we are lucky, there may be wintering groups of White-throated Needletail, as well as the more expected Barn Swallow, Grey Wagtail, Arctic Warbler, and Grey-streaked Flycatcher.

Indonesia’s Southern Moluccas: Days 6-7  With four-wheel-drive vehicles at our disposal, we will explore the Wamlana logging road and a side road to Danau Rana, reaching as high as 1420m (4659ft) elevation. At the highest levels, we should find the endemic Buru Mountain Pigeon, Buru Cuckooshrike, Buru Bush Warbler, Buru Leaf Warbler and the neat Tawny-backed Fantail with its highly distinctive voice. Buru Oriole and Streak-breasted Jungle Flycatcher require a bit more effort but should give themselves up, and we have a good chance of bumping into the tricky Cinnamon-chested Flycatcher, a scarce regional endemic.

Wallacea is a great place for parrots of course, and here we have a very good chance of seeing the highly vocal Buru Racket-tail, as well as the more widespread Red (or Moluccan Red) Lory (endemic to the southern Moluccas), Great-billed Parrot, the weird Moluccan King Parrot and the amazing little Red-breasted Pygmy Parrot.

Other species that we should find along the logging road are the Buru form of the South Moluccan Pitta, as well as Brahminy Kite, Black Eagle, Spotted Kestrel, Oriental Hobby, White-bibbed and Claret-breasted Fruit-Doves, Large-tailed Nightjar, Glossy Swiftlet, Gray’s Grasshopper-Warbler, Mountain Tailorbird, Common Golden Whistler, the dazzling Wakolo Myzomela, Moluccan Starling, and Mountain White-eye. There is also a slim chance for Moluccan Masked Owl.

There will be a fair chance of finding Buru Thrush and Buru Honeyeater, but we would be more than fortunate to find Black-lored Parrot, Blue-fronted Lorikeet or the strange Madanga (formerly known as Rufous-throated Darkeye), which has now been reclassified as a pipit rather than a white-eye!

Nocturnal excursions will give us a good chance of the endemic Buru Boobook, Lesser Masked Owl and Moluccan Scops Owl.

At Bara on the northwest coast of Buru we can look for lowland specialities such as the endemic Black-tipped Monarch and Buru Green Pigeon and the Moluccan-endemic White-naped Monarch and Moluccan (or Slaty) Flycatcher, as well as the more widespread Coconut Lorikeet and Pacific (or Australian) Koel.

During our journeys on Buru, and when scanning offshore, we are also likely to see Lesser Frigatebird, Little Pied Cormorant, Little Grebe, Australasian Darter, Brown and Red-footed Boobies, Great, Little and Eastern Cattle Egrets, Peregrine Falcon, White-browed Crake, Buff-banded Rail, White-breasted Waterhen, Common Sandpiper, Greater Crested Tern, Spotted Dove, Pacific Swallow, Eastern Yellow Wagtail, Willie Wagtail, White-breasted Woodswallow, Eurasian Tree Sparrow, and Black-faced and Chestnut Munias.

Indonesia’s Southern Moluccas: Day 8  After some final birding on Buru we will drive back to Namlea and return by air to Ambon for an overnight stay.

Indonesia’s Southern Moluccas: Day 9  This morning we will travel by passenger ferry from Ambon to Masohi, a short distance away on the south coast of Seram. Seram is the largest island in the Moluccas (marginally larger than the well-known island of Halmahera, situated further to the north). It is elongated and very mountainous, with its tallest peak, Gunung Binaia (3027m or 9932ft), being the highest mountain in the whole of the Moluccan Archipelago. A narrow coastal plain, where most of the population lives, surrounds the jagged limestone formations of the central mountain chain.

Seram is still largely cloaked in fairly pristine rainforests, but recently the extraction of oil and timber has started on an industrial scale. An area of 1860 square kilometres (718 square miles) in the centre of Seram has been put aside as a protected area: Manusela National Park. The park covers altitudes between sea level and 2490m (8170ft) and contains a rich variety of habitats. Seram has at least 15 strictly endemic bird species and shares a number of Moluccan specialities with the nearby islands of Buru and Ambon, and the northern Moluccan islands of Halmahera, Bacan and Obi.

Upon arrival at Masohi, we will travel to the tiny village of Sawai, tucked away in a secluded cove on the north coast, for a three nights stay.

Indonesia’s Southern Moluccas: Days 10-11  As we explore the wonderful forest in and around Manusela National Park, one of our main targets will be the rare Salmon-crested (or Seram) Cockatoo, a species that has suffered immensely from excessive trapping for the thriving cagebird trade in Indonesia (even being trapped inside the park!) but can still quite easily be found in small numbers. This delicately pink-hued cockatoo with its bright pinkish-red, backwards-curving crest is endemic to Seram, Ambon, Haruku and Saparua, but apparently only now survives on the former island.

Liquid fluty calls betray the presence of the rather dull-coloured Seram Oriole, which looks remarkably similar to Seram Friarbird (even several of their calls are indistinguishable). This striking visual and vocal mimicry of orioles and friarbirds occurs on a number of islands in the Moluccas, the eastern Lesser Sundas and also in New Guinea. One of the more conspicuous birds of the forest and a member of the mixed-species foraging flocks is the lovely endemic Streak-breasted Fantail. Bizarre-looking Long-crested Mynas often perch on high exposed branches along the forest edge. These conspicuous and noisy fruit eaters, with their amazing laterally-compressed, filamentous crests are also endemic to Seram.

It is always a good idea to spend a bit of time at fruiting trees as Seram Imperial Pigeon (split from Buru or Spectacled), and the spectacular Blyth’s Hornbills can easily be found there. The arresting Red Lory is still common despite trapping for the evil cagebird trade, and we will also find numerous Coconut Lorikeets and the fetching Moluccan King-Parrot. Red-flanked Lorikeet is rather scarce but we should find a few.

With the construction of the Trans-Seram Highway, we can now search for almost all of the highland specialities without the need for a trek. The highest pass on the road is situated at about 1270m and gives us easy access to the lower montane and submontane forest zones within the national park. Ericaceous shrubs and trees are a major component of the forest at these altitudes and, when they are flowering, attract the subtly-plumaged endemic Seram Honeyeater, Drab Myzomela and the bright Wakolo Myzomela. Rufescent Darkeye is an aberrant endemic white-eye that is so distinctive that it has been placed in its own genus (Tephrozosterops), while endemic Grey-hooded White-eyes show a peculiar white front and forage in the canopy.

Flocks of Seram Mountain Pigeons fly across the clearings and open areas. The near-endemic Purple-naped Lory is very rare in this region of the island (partly due to intensive trapping), so we will need a fair amount of luck if we are to observe this lovely parrot. Even rarer is Blue-eared Lory, which can sometimes be found at the highest point on the road.

Other highland species that we will be on the lookout for include Rufous-necked Sparrowhawk (a little-known Moluccan endemic), Black Eagle, the enigmatic Pygmy Eagle (the World’s smallest eagle), Great Cuckoo-Dove, the minute Red-breasted Pygmy Parrot, Seram Leaf Warbler, the skulking Seram Bush Warbler and Turquoise (or Island Verditer) Flycatcher; while in the lowlands, we will also be seeking-out the endemic Seram (or Hantu) Boobook , the scarce Moluccan Dwarf Kingfisher, Common Paradise Kingfisher, Moluccan Cuckooshrike and Seram Golden Bulbul.

From our accommodation at Sawai, we will also visit the varied coastal habitats and small islands off the northern coast of Seram in search of Australian White Ibis, Great-billed Heron, Spotted Whistling Duck, Forsten’s Scrubfowl, Little Kingfisher, and the little-known, restricted-range Olive Honeyeater. There may also be a good range of wintering and migrating shorebirds, such as Grey (or Black-bellied), Lesser Sand and Greater Sand Plovers, Whimbrel, Far Eastern Curlew, Bar-tailed Godwit, Terek Sandpiper, Grey-tailed Tattler, and Red-necked Stint.

With luck, we will encounter the critically endangered Chinese Crested Tern, a species we have seen here on some previous visits.

Indonesia’s Southern Moluccas: Day 12  After some final birding at Manusela National Park, we will travel to Piru in western Seram for an overnight stay.

Indonesia’s Southern Moluccas: Day 13  Early this morning we will take a boat across to the neighbouring island of Boano in order to see the endemic Boano Monarch.

Later, after some birding around Piru, we will travel to Kairatu and catch the afternoon ferry to Ambon, where our tour ends.


by Dáni Balla

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