The Ultimate In Birding Tours

Africa (and its islands)

GABON – The wonderful African River Martin, Congo Forest endemics & more

Sunday 22nd September – Friday 11th October 2024

Leaders: Mark Van Beirs and a local bird guide

20 Days Group Size Limit 7
Sunday 21st September – Friday 10th October 2025

Leaders: Thibaut Chansac and a local bird guide

20 Days Group Size Limit 7


Birdquest’s Gabon birding tours explore one of the richest countries in Western Africa for birds. Our Gabon birding tour visits an African country that has laid aside about 10% of its entire territory as national parks and reserves, but also a land that is one of the most expensive countries for tourism in Africa, thanks to its oil, gas and mineral wealth. The upside here is fantastic forest and wetland birding in an under-populated country with a fairly good infrastructure and lots of superb habitat remaining. One of Africa’s ultimate birds, the much-wanted African River Martin, breeds here and we will be there to see it, while a host of other great African rainforest and savanna species, many of which are restricted to West-Central Africa, put the delicious icing on a great birding cake.

With many of the prime areas of Cameroon now being effectively ‘off-line’ for bird tours, following separatist unrest in the key southwest region, peaceful Gabon is now the absolutely key place for seeing the many forest specialities of West-Central Africa.

Gabon, a small, unknown and under-birded Western African country, sandwiched between Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea and the Congo, has a human population of only two million and a remarkable wealth of minerals, oil and gas that has given the country one of the highest per capita incomes in Africa (and probably the highest cost of living on the continent), although only a small percentage of the population has seen much benefit from these resources.

Even more remarkably these days, it is still 70% covered by pristine, primaeval rainforest. The Gabonese jungle belt, the biggest intact forest area in all of Africa and one of the biggest in the world, has the highest diversity of tree and bird species for a given area anywhere in the continent (with over 670 bird species recorded from the country). Just one small region that we will visit in the northeast, the Ivindo Basin, holds more than 430 bird species, mostly forest dwellers, and is probably the richest single forest locality for birds in all of Africa! Gabon birding tours may still be a rarity, but they visit one of the best places for birding on the continent.

This then is a special tour for those interested in seeing the little-known birds of a seldom-visited corner of West-Central Africa.

Our Gabon birding tour starts at the modern, ocean-side city of Libreville, from where we shall head southeastwards into Gabon’s interior.

Although we will spend much of our time in Gabon in forest habitats, an area in the far southeast of the country, known as the ‘Gabon Highlands’, holds many grassland species in a mosaic habitat consisting of grassland, stunted heathland and woodland. Here, near the town of Lékoni, we will wander over the plains in search of many restricted-range, West-Central African specialities, including Finsch’s Francolin, Red-throated Cliff Swallow, Short-tailed Pipit, Congo Moor Chat, Dambo and ‘Teke’ Cisticolas, and Black-chinned Weaver

We will also be investigating the scrubland and forest edge habitats for such specialities as the handsome Black-headed Bee-eater, Black-backed Barbet, Angolan Batis, Fiery-breasted Bushshrike, the strange and beautiful Black-collared Bulbul, Red-capped Crombec and Salvadori’s Eremomela. Major specialities of the forests include Grey-throated Barbet, Gabon Woodpecker, the striking Rufous-bellied Helmetshrike, Yellow-throated Nicator, Sjöstedt’s and White-bearded Greenbuls, Sooty Flycatcher, Cassin’s Malimbe and Pale-fronted Nigrita.

Next, we shall explore the Makokou region of northeast Gabon, where we will be birding in some truly magnificent rainforest, protected by the Ipassa Reserve. The reserve is part of the huge Ivindo National Park, an area that is home to an extraordinary variety of Western African rainforest bird species.

There are numerous Western African specialities at Ivindo, including such restricted-range West-Central African species as Plumed and Black Guineafowls, Grey Pratincole, Black-collared Lovebird, Gabon Coucal, Sjöstedt’s Barred Owlet, White-thighed Hornbill, Forest Swallow, Bates’s Paradise Flycatcher, White-spotted and Black-necked Wattle-eyes, Gabon Batis, Yellow-throated Nicator, Falkenstein’s (or Yellow-necked), White-throated and Eastern Bearded Greenbuls, Gosling’s Apalis, Yellow-footed Flycatcher, Forest White-eye, the tiny Bates’s Sunbird, the beautiful Rachel’s Malimbe, Yellow-capped Weaver, Woodhouse’s Antpecker and Black-headed Waxbill. In addition, Ivindo is probably the best place visited by birding tours for seeing the uncommon and localized Spot-breasted and Olive Ibises.

Afterwards, our Gabon birding tour explores the magnificent Lopé National Park. Here the many specialities include Bates’s Nightjar, Bates’s Swift, the localized Dja River Scrub Warbler and Red-bellied Malimbe, whilst overhead we may hear the thrumming of the Lyre-tailed Honeyguide’s display flight and watch this remarkable species as it performs.

As a very fitting finale to this highly rewarding tour, we will make our way to Loango National Park and the adjacent Omboué region on Gabon’s Atlantic coast. This seldom-visited area is a real gem and gives us the opportunity to see the strange-looking, restricted-range and highly-desired African River Martin, quite possibly in large numbers.

Whilst exploring the rivers, coastal lagoons and gallery forests we should also come across a number of other inviting species, including the restricted-range Vermiculated Fish Owl and the impressive Pel’s Fish Owl, Hartlaub’s Duck, the scarce Forbes’s Plover, the superb Rosy Bee-eater, Chattering Cisticola, Long-legged Pipit,  the beautiful Violet-tailed Sunbird and Loango Weaver. Other possibilities include the rarely-seen White-crested Tiger Heron and Black Guineafowl.

Loango is also good for mammals, with Forest Elephant, African Forest Buffalo, Hippopotamus, Western Sitatunga, Red River Hog, several species of monkeys.

By the time we finally return to Libreville, we will have seen a superb selection of Western African birds in one of the few countries in the region where pristine wilderness is not just a memory.

Birdquest has operated Gabon birding tours since 1995.

Accommodation & Road Transport: The hotels, lodges and safari camps are generally of a good or medium standard, but at Lékoni the hotel accommodation is fairly basic. At Ipassa Reserve near Makokou, we can usually stay at the basic but wonderfully situated research station, where some rooms have shared bathroom facilities, but if the station cannot accommodate us we use a fairly basic hotel in town. Road transport is by small coach and 4x4s. Road conditions vary from good to poor.

Walking: The walking effort during our Gabon birding tour is mostly easy, sometimes moderate. (But please see the optional gorilla tracking entry.)

Climate: The weather will be warm or hot (and often humid), with dry and sunny weather interspersed with overcast and sometimes rainy spells.

Bird Photography: Opportunities during our Gabon birding tour are generally worthwhile, but quite good at Loango.


  • A fantastic selection of restricted-range West-Central African forest species, including Plumed and Black Guineafowls, Yellow-capped Weaver and Sjöstedt’s Barred Owlet.
  • Birding the rolling, scenic, open plains at Lékoni in search of Black-chinned Weaver, Black-collared Bulbul and the showy Congo Moor Chat.
  • Watching the heavyweight, handsome Black-headed Bee-eater hiding on the edge of the forest-savanna mosaic.
  • Sighting the beautiful tricoloured Rachel’s Malimbe in the imposing tall rainforests.
  • Hearing the far-reaching, thrumming of the Lyre-tailed Honeyguide’s display flight as it spirals upwards to the heavens before falling back to the forest.
  • Spotting a skulking Dja River Warbler in the marshes of Lopé National Park that are also frequented by Forest Elephants and Forest Buffaloes.
  • The chance to see two of Africa’s most wanted raptors; Congo Serpent Eagle and the spectacular Long-tailed Hawk.
  • Experiencing a gathering of strange African River Martins and glorious Rosy Bee-eaters in Loango National Park.
  • An excellent chance to view both Pel’s and Vermiculated Fishing Owls along the rivers.
  • The restricted-range Loango Weaver and beautiful Violet-tailed Sunbird in Loango National Park.


  • Day 1: Evening tour start at Libreville.
  • Day 2: Morning flight to Franceville. Drive to Lékoni.
  • Days 3-4: Exploring the Lékoni area.
  • Day 5: Return to Franceville.
  • Day 6: Franceville area, then by train from Franceville to Booué.
  • Day 7: Drive from Booué to Makokou.
  • Days 8-11: Ipassa Reserve/Makokou.
  • Day 12: Drive to Lopé National Park.
  • Days 13-14: Lopé National Park.
  • Day 15: Lopé National Park, then train to Libreville.
  • Day 16: Morning flight to Port Gentil, then drive to Omboué/Loango region.
  • Days 17-19: Exploring Loango National Park and the Omboué region.
  • Day 20: Omboué/Loango region, then return to Port Gentil. Early evening flight to Libreville for tour end.

To see a larger map, click on the square-like ‘enlarge’ icon in the upper right of the map box.

To see (or hide) the ‘map legend’, click on the icon with an arrow in the upper left of the map box.

To change to a satellite view, which is great for seeing the physical terrain (and for seeing really fine details by repetitive use of the + button), click on the square ‘map view’ icon in the lower left corner of the ‘map legend’.


Gabon Tour Prices: Prices in Gabon are high, but there are reasons for this. In the first place, some accommodations in Gabon are surprisingly expensive, as is transport for tourism purposes. Prices are driven upwards by there being only a very limited infrastructure of hotels and lodges, roads are often poor and imported vehicles are very costly. Secondly, there are only a very limited number of local operators that specialize in eco-tourism so competition is negligible.

Birdquest Inclusions: Our tour prices include surface transportation, accommodations, meals and entrance fees.

We also include all tipping for local guides, drivers, boatmen and accommodation/restaurant staff.

We also include these flights:


Libreville-Port Gentil-Libreville.

Deposit: 20% of the total tour price. Our office will let you know what deposit amount is due, in order to confirm your booking, following receipt of your online booking form.

TO BOOK THIS TOUR: Click here (you will need the tour dates)

2024: confirmed £8720, $11190, €10180, AUD16890. Libreville/Libreville.
2025: provisional £8880, $11390, €10360, AUD17190. Libreville/Libreville.

Single Supplement: 2024: £810, $1040, €940, AUD1570.
Single Supplement: 2025: £810, $1040, €940, AUD1570.

Kindly note: In Gabon, the hotel/lodge rooms usually have one double bed, not twin beds. Owing to local attitudes and regulations, sharing a room is only possible for heterosexual couples.

This tour is priced in US Dollars. Amounts shown in other currencies are indicative.

Air Travel To & From The Tour: Our in-house IATA ticket agency will be pleased to arrange your air travel on request, or you may arrange this yourself if you prefer.


Gabon: Day 1  Our Gabon birding tour begins this evening at Libreville, Gabon’s capital city on the Atlantic coast, where we will stay overnight. Airport transfers will be provided.

Gabon: Day 2  This morning we will take a flight to Franceville in far southeastern Gabon. Upon arrival we will head for the town of Lékoni for a three nights stay, stopping for birding along the way as there are some very productive areas of forest between Bongoville and Lékoni.

Gabon: Days 3-4  The main area of ornithological interest in southeastern Gabon lies between Franceville and the Congo border. Here the land rises and the rainforest belt gives way to mixed habitat. This beautiful region, known as the ‘Highlands of Gabon’, is relatively unknown and recent visits here have continued to turn up new birds for the country.

The Brachystegia (or ‘miombo’) woodland zone, which crosses Africa and is known for its richness in birds, just touches Gabon at this point and, even though this is not true climax habitat, a good number of miombo species are present. The scrubby, miombo-type woodland is restricted to copses mixed with thicker stands of taller evergreen trees, set amongst open grassland and stunted heathland, an unusual and unexpected habitat to be found on the Equator in Western Africa.

Here, in the grasslands, we should find a number of restricted-range specialities, including the beautifully-marked Congo Moor Chat, perched upon the tops of the scattered bushes, the furtive Finsch’s Francolin, Red-throated Cliff Swallow, Short-tailed Pipit, Dambo Cisticola, the still-undescribed (after more than two decades!) ‘Teke Cisticola’ and the little-known Black-chinned Weaver.

Other grassland birds we shall be on the lookout for include the distinctive local form of the Rufous-naped Lark (known as ‘Malbrant’s Lark’), as well as Red-necked Spurfowl, Coqui Francolin, the localized Black-rumped Buttonquail, White-bellied Bustard (the form here, mackenziei, is considered part of the southern African ‘Barrow’s Bustard’ group), Senegal Lapwing, Temminck’s Courser, Flappet Lark, Banded Martin, Yellow-throated Longclaw, Plain-backed Pipit, Sooty Chat, Tinkling, Short-winged, Croaking, Zitting and Pectoral-patch Cisticolas, Neddicky (or Piping Cisticola), Tawny-flanked Prinia, Orange-cheeked Waxbill and Quailfinch. Small Buttonquail and Black-bellied Bustard also occur but are uncommon.

Keeping watch on the wide skies overhead or conspicuous perches should produce Red-necked Buzzard, a species largely restricted to Western Africa, as well as Black-winged Kite, Black-chested Snake Eagle, Dark Chanting Goshawk, Lizard Buzzard and Horus Swift.

The scrubby areas hold such restricted-range specialities as Black-backed Barbet, Angolan Batis, Fiery-breasted Bushshrike, the strange and beautiful Black-collared Bulbul, Red-capped Crombec and Salvadori’s Eremomela. In addition. both Petit’s Cuckooshrike and Sousa’s Shrike occur in the area but are uncommon. The local form of the Gorgeous Bushshrike is sometimes split as Perrin’s Bushshrike.

Along the forest edge, the handsome, restricted-range Black-headed Bee-eater can be found, as can the lovely Black Bee-eater, Blue-throated Roller, the somewhat comical Black-and-white Shrike-flycatcher with its staring yellow eye and elongated crest, and the repetitively-calling Whistling Cisticola.

Areas of forest hold major regional specialities such as Grey-throated Barbet, Gabon Woodpecker, the striking Rufous-bellied Helmetshrike, Yellow-throated Nicator, Sjöstedt’s and White-bearded Greenbuls, Sooty Flycatcher, Cassin’s Malimbe and Pale-fronted Nigrita.

West-Central African forest species of wider distribution include Red-chested Goshawk, Western Bronze-naped Pigeon, Yellow-throated Cuckoo, Olive Long-tailed Cuckoo, the fabulous Guinea Turaco, the secretive Chocolate-backed Kingfisher, Bristle-nosed and Naked-faced Barbets, Speckled, Red-rumped and Yellow-throated Tinkerbirds, Willcock’s Honeyguide, Sabine’s Puffback (uncommon), Lowland Sooty Boubou, the marvellous Blue Cuckooshrike, Black-winged Oriole, Little Grey, Golden, Honeyguide, Spotted and Simple Greenbuls, Swamp Palm Bulbul, Square-tailed Saw-wing, Yellow Longbill, Green Crombec, Yellow-browed and Olive-green Camaropteras, Purple-headed Starling, Fraser’s Forest Flycatcher, Little Green, Blue-throated Brown and Superb Sunbirds, Red-eyed (or Black-shouldered ) Puffback and Chestnut-breasted Nigrita.

More widespread species in the Lékoni region are likely to include Cassin’s Hawk-Eagle, Ayres’s Hawk-Eagle (uncommon), Crowned Eagle, Red-eyed, Ring-necked and Tambourine Doves, African Green Pigeon, Senegal Coucal, African, Black and African Emerald Cuckoos, Speckled Mousebird, Striped, African Pygmy and Brown-hooded Kingfishers, beautiful White-fronted, Blue-breasted and Little Bee-eaters, Black Scimitarbill, African Pied Hornbill, Yellow-spotted, Hairy-breasted, Yellow-billed and Double-toothed Barbets, Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird, Red-throated Wryneck, and Cardinal and Green-backed Woodpeckers.

Passerines include African Broadbill, Lesser Striped Swallow, Wood (or Woodland) Pipit, Purple-throated Cuckooshrike, Dark-capped Bulbul, Slender-billed and Little Greenbuls, Yellow-throated Leaflove, African Thrush, Snowy-crowned Robin-Chat, White-browed Scrub Robin, African Stonechat, White-chinned Prinia, Buff-throated Apalis, Grey-backed Camaroptera, Green-capped Eremomela, Green Hylia, Violet-backed and Yellow-bellied Hyliotas, Pale Flycatcher, Black-and-white Shrike-flycatcher, Chinspot and Western Black-headed Batises, Brown-throated Wattle-eye, African Paradise Flycatcher, White-winged Black Tit, Olive, Amethyst, Western Violet-backed, Green-throated and Copper Sunbirds, Common Fiscal, Northern Puffback, Black-crowned and Brown-crowned Tchagras, Bocage’s and Lühder’s Bushshrikes, Velvet-mantled, Square-tailed and Fork-tailed Drongos, Pied Crow, Splendid and Violet-backed Starlings, Northern Grey-headed Sparrow, Yellow-throated Petronia, Vieillot’s Black, Village and Black-necked Weavers, Grey-headed and White-breasted Nigritas, Black-and-white and Magpie Mannikins, Black-throated and Yellow-fronted Canaries, Cabanis’s Bunting and Cinnamon-breasted Bunting (uncommon).

Around the large lake, at the foot of the picturesque Lékoni Canyon, we may well find Little Grebe, African Darter, African Jacana, Black Crake, Winding Cisticola, Marsh Widowbird, Fawn-breasted Waxbill and, with luck, Locust Finch.

At night we may come across Marsh Owl and Long-tailed, Swamp and Fiery-necked Nightjars.

Gabon: Day 5  Today we will drive back to Franceville for an overnight stay, making some long stops for birding along the way, especially in the Bongoville area.

Gabon: Day 6  Early morning birding around Franceville followed by a midday departure by train northwards to the town of Booué for an overnight stay.

Gabon: Day 7  We will drive northeastwards this morning to the remote settlement of Makokou, on the banks of the Ivindo River, where we will stay for the next five nights at the Ipassa Reserve research station guesthouse. Along the way, we pass through some remote and virtually uninhabited forest areas. We will take a look at the mighty Ogooué River for our first chances for the regionally-endemic Grey Pratincole.

This afternoon we will commence our exploration of the Makokou area.

Gabon: Days 8-11  The Ipassa Reserve is a 10,000-hectare (almost 25,000 acres) expanse of Equatorial rainforest situated right in the heart of one of the richest areas for forest birds in all Africa. It forms part of the huge Ivindo National Park. A network of paths has been cut through part of this reserve to enable researchers to gain access for their studies, although many have since been reclaimed by the forest. It is on these paths and tracks that we will look for numerous forest-dwelling birds, many occurring in large mixed feeding parties. This is a truly superb area for Western African forest birding, but doing well here takes time.

As we venture inside, the forest can seem still, dark and gloomy. Then, without warning, the silence will be broken by the tell-tale cries of Shining Drongos warning us of an approaching bird party and we will need to keep our wits about us as we try to set our eyes on each member of the flock.

From deep in the forest we may well hear the echoing rhythmic chants of a Bare-cheeked Trogon, giving us another chance to find this colourful, restricted-range speciality.

Hornbills are always a sign of good forest and the variety at Ipassa is extraordinary. We will be looking here in particular for Black Dwarf Hornbill, a Western African regional speciality and the huge, restricted-range White-thighed Hornbill.

Two of the mixed-feeding-flock specialities we shall be looking for are the tiny African Piculet, a species that has a wide distribution in Western Africa, but which is decidedly localized within that range, and the gorgeous, restricted-range Rachel’s Malimbe.

Other mixed flock species include the restricted-range Bates’s Paradise Flycatcher, as well as more widespread Western African forest specialities like Western Oriole, Grey Longbill, Rufous-crowned Eremomela, Chestnut-capped and Blue-headed Crested Flycatchers, Fraser’s Sunbird and Blue-billed Malimbe, and the widespread Buff-spotted Woodpecker. Dusky Tit and Red-headed Malimbe, two widespread species, also occur but are uncommon.,

The diversity of bulbuls found here is extraordinary. Over twenty species occur, including the restricted-range Falkenstein’s (or Yellow-necked), White-throated (uncommon) and Eastern Bearded Greenbuls. More widely distributed species include Ansorge’s, Plain (or Cameroon Sombre), Yellow-whiskered, Icterine, Xavier’s and Red-tailed Greenbuls.

Stealth and patience will be needed to locate the shy and furtive regional specialities of the forest floor, such as Fire-crested and Brown-chested Alethes, Red-tailed Ant Thrush, Brown Illadopsis and Blackcap Illadopsis, and the more uncommon Forest Robin and White-tailed Ant Thrush.

During our stay in the Makokou area, we will also walk along a road through more open forest where we can have a clear view of the treetops, making it far easier to see canopy specialities such as the Afep Pigeons that croon from the highest snags. Forest Penduline Tit, Tiny Sunbird and the uncommon Tit Hylia are all Western African regional specialities that annoyingly, (as if they weren’t small enough already) always seem to favour the highest branches! We should also encounter one or two of the rarer forest weavers, such as Maxwell’s Black and Preuss’s Golden-backed Weavers (both regional specialities) or the little-known, restricted-range Yellow-capped Weaver.

Amongst the many other special birds we will be looking for during the Ipassa/Makokou section of our Gabon birding tour are such restricted-range specialities as Black-collared Lovebird, Gabon Coucal (hard to see as opposed to hear), Forest Swallow, Gosling’s Apalis, Yellow-footed Flycatcher, White-spotted Wattle-eye, Black-necked Wattle-eye (uncommon), the poorly-known Gabon Batis, Forest White-eye, the tiny Bates’s Sunbird (uncommon), Woodhouse’s Antpecker and Black-headed Waxbill, as well as more widespread Western African specialities such as Congo Serpent Eagle (uncommon), Elliot’s Woodpecker, Fernando Po Batis, Black-bellied Seedcracker and Western Bluebill.

Plumed Guineafowl is another fairly difficult, restricted-range forest bird that occurs here and we have a fair chance of finding a party sneaking across an open trail. We will also have a second chance for Black Guineafowl.

There are some very special crepuscular and nocturnal specialities at Ipassa. From dusk onwards, we will look for the restricted-range Sjöstedt’s Barred Owlet, as well as more widely-distributed Western African specialities such as Fraser’s Eagle-Owl and Brown Nightjar and the uncommon Akun Eagle-Owl and Olive and Spot-breasted Ibises. We may also encounter the widespread African Wood Owl.

Species of wider distribution we may well find in this area include Scaly Francolin, White-spotted Flufftail (hard to see at this particular locality), Rock Pratincole, Common Swift, African Dwarf Kingfisher, Yellow-crested and Brown-eared Woodpeckers, Rufous-sided Broadbill, Mackinnon’s Shrike, Western Nicator, Lemon-bellied Crombec, Black-capped Apalis, Ashy Flycatcher, Grey and Grey-throated Tit-Flycatchers, Yellow-bellied Wattle-eye and Crested Malimbe. Uncommon species include Bat Hawk, Thick-billed Honeyguide and Cassin’s Honeybird.

Larger mammals are hard to come by at Ipassa, but often include Northern Talapoin Monkey.

Gabon: Day 12   Today we will travel southwestwards to Lopé National Park, where we will stay for the next three nights.

Gabon: Days 13-14   The huge Lopé National Park was established as recently as 1982 and has an illustrated field guide (in French) devoted entirely to it. Our lodge, situated in beautiful surroundings, overlooks the mighty River Ogooué, which drains a huge swathe of Gabon. This rambling waterway, which forms the northern boundary of the park, tumbles over giant boulders and flows past craggy rocks and open sandbanks.

Lopé is an attractive mosaic of rivers, creeks, open plains, bushy savanna and gallery forest that blend into dense rainforest filled with massive trees dripping in lianas and tangled vegetation.

During our stay, we will only be able to cover a fraction of this huge reserve, but we will be focussing on a number of regional specialities that are only possible at Lopé or which are more reliable here.

These include the rare and localized Dja River Scrub Warbler, a skulking Bradypterus, the large and little-known Bates’s Nightjar and Bates’s Swift, all of which we should find. More difficult to observe are Red-bellied Malimbe and the strange Lyre-tailed Honeyguide, which performs its remarkable display flight high above the forest canopy: an easy bird to hear when it displays, but not an easy one to see!

We should also encounter one or more of the more widespread yet difficult Western African forest species, which include Red-thighed Sparrowhawk, Red-chested Owlet and Yellow-mantled Weaver.

More widespread species we may well find for the first time at Lopé include Red-fronted Parrot, Mottled Spinetail, Narina’s Trogon, Chestnut-winged Starling and Orange, Compact and Dark-backed Weavers. More uncommon possibilities include Freckled Nightjar and Red-headed Quelea.

A variety of primates are present at Lopé. Although there is a slim possibility we might encounter the wonderful Mandrill, we stand a much better chance of finding the strange, imp-like Black Colobus and possibly Crowned Guenon. We will also have further opportunities to see African Forest Buffalo and Forest Elephant, and we should also encounter Bushbuck and one or more species of duiker.

Gabon: Day 15  After spending much of the day at Lopé National Park, we will take the train to Libreville for an overnight stay.

Gabon: Day 16  From Libreville we take a short morning flight south to Port Gentil. From there we head further south by road to the Omboué/Loango region, stopping for anything of interest along the way.

We will spend a total of four nights at Loango National Park and in the adjacent Omboué area, during what will surely be the major highlight of this exciting and unusual tour. We will arrive in time for a birding excursion this afternoon.

Gabon: Days 17-19  Loango National Park has been rightly called ‘Africa’s Last Eden’, for here, in a vast 1550 square kilometres (almost 600 square miles) sanctuary, is a mosaic of lush rainforest, gallery woodlands, open, sandy savannas, huge lagoons, coastal scrub and pristine beaches.

At certain times of year Forest Elephants, African Forest Buffalos and, rarely, even Hippopotamuses, Western Gorillas and Leopards have been seen venturing onto the white beaches or, even more rarely, enjoying the surf! Such moments have become a hallmark of the park, but these are sights that are most frequent at the height of the rainy seasons and not at the time of our visit.

The park was created in 1956, long before President Omar Bongo signed the 2002 decree creating 12 new national parks in the country and thus catapulted Gabon to the forefront of African conservation efforts. Just a few tiny villages exist in the park, leaving this wilderness virtually devoid of people. During our stay, we shall enjoy some unique bird and wildlife opportunities.

The ultimate highlight of the bird highlights in the Loango region and indeed Gabon’s ‘Grailbird’, is the strange and little-known African River Martin. The last surviving member of its tribe (the White-eyed River Martin of Southeast Asia is now thought extinct), these strange creatures, which are almost prehistoric-looking, are currently placed in the swallow family and live mostly along hard-to-access stretches of the great River Congo. However, for part of each year, a section of the population migrates to coastal Gabon to nest in burrows in the sandy savannas. This decidedly odd-looking hirundine baffled Gustav Hartlaub, who first described the bird as a type of roller! Other taxonomists have placed it with the woodswallows or indeed even in its own family! There is definitely nothing else like it in this world of ours.

The river martins usually first arrive in the Loango region during August and by late November or early December their colonies are deserted and they return to the Congo. At times between late August and mid-September, numbers (in some years, thousands) roost at certain islands in the vast Iguela lagoon. At first, appearing as dots high in the sky, the numbers build up until the birds start elaborate displays when numbers are large, forming into smoke-like balls when numbers are large or plunging, twisting and turning streamers, in the manner of pre-roosting (‘murmuring’) European Starlings. Eventually, the birds descend to one of the islands. After the roosting period, the birds stay on and they often nest in some accessible areas in the Loango/Omboué savannas (more rarely they nest far from the few roads), forming similar display patterns over the colonies or gathering on the ground to noisily court each other and dig their nesting burrows. Quite definitely seeing the African River Martins of Loango is one of Africa’s greatest of all birding experiences!

Another mega-speciality of the Loango region is the splendid Vermiculated Fish Owl, which is very reliably found here in the forested fringes of the many rivers. The marmalade-coloured Pel’s Fish Owl is also quite common here and we should also find one of these impressive owls during our stay.

Loango also has many other bird specialities. The restricted-range Rosy Bee-eater is positively numerous and we will surely enjoy fantastic views of this marvellous species. Forbes’s Plovers run across the short-grassed sandy wastes, whilst the restricted-range Loango Weaver can be found breeding along the waterways, often in areas with palms. The beautiful, restricted-range Violet-tailed Sunbird is another speciality of the rivers and lagoon margins.

The waterways of the region are prime habitat for Hartlaub’s Duck and African Finfoot We also have a fair chance of encountering White-backed Night Heron and even a chance for the secretive White-crested Tiger Heron.

Additional major regional specialities at Loango include Chattering Cisticola and Long-legged Pipit. There is also a chance for Black Guineafowl.

Other interesting, mostly Western African specialities we may well find here include the impressive Long-tailed Hawk, West African Crested Tern, Blue-headed Wood Dove (a bird with a bouncing ping-pong-ball-like call), Grey Parrot (Loango must have one of the largest remaining populations of the species; they are positively numerous!), Blue Malkoha, Great Blue and Yellow-billed Turacos, Sabine’s and Cassin’s Spinetails, the dazzling White-bellied and Shining-blue Kingfishers, Blue-breasted Kingfisher, the huge and ‘prehistoric-looking’ Black-casqued Hornbill (common here), Red-billed Dwarf and Piping Hornbills, the superb White-crested Hornbill with its long, flowing tail (which is regularly seen following troops of monkeys), White-bibbed (or White-throated Blue) and Red-breasted Swallows, Red-tailed Leaflove, Red-tailed and Yellow-lored Bristlebills, Swamp Boubou, Banded Prinia, Fraser’s Rufous Thrush, White-browed Forest Flycatcher, Cassin’s Flycatcher, Carmelite, Reichenbach’s, Mangrove, Olive-bellied and Johanna’s Sunbirds, and Slender-billed Weaver.

Latham’s Francolin, Congo Serpent Eagle and Thick-billed Cuckoo also occur but are hard to find.

More widespread species that are likely to be new here include Pink-backed Pelican, Striated, Squacco, Goliath, Purple and Grey Herons, Little, Intermediate and Great Egrets, African Spoonbill, Hadada Ibis, Woolly-necked and Yellow-billed Storks, Hamerkop, White-faced Whistling Duck, African Harrier-Hawk, Palm-nut Vulture, African Fish Eagle, Water Thick-knee, White-crowned Lapwing, Kittlitz’s Plover, Common and Wood Sandpipers, Common Greenshank, Common and Little Terns, African Skimmer, Blue-spotted Wood Dove, Red-chested, Diederik and Klaas’s Cuckoos, Blue-headed Coucal, Square-tailed Nightjar, African Palm and Little Swifts, Black Spinetail, Woodland, Malachite, Giant and Pied Kingfishers, Chestnut Wattle-eye, Red-bellied Paradise Flycatcher, Common Bulbul, Grey-rumped Swallow, Yellow-billed Oxpecker, African Pied Wagtail, Green-headed Sunbird and Yellow-mantled Widowbird.

The small Forest Elephant and the forest form of the African (or Cape) Buffalo, known as African Forest Buffalo, are both fairly easy to see here. Another feature of the area is the gatherings of Red River Hogs, so we will be keeping watch for a herd of these brightly coloured pigs with their tasselled ears. There is a slim chance of seeing Western Lowland Gorilla.

We shall also be on the lookout for Red-capped (or White-collared) and Grey-cheeked Mangabeys, Putty-nosed and Moustached Monkeys, Hippopotamus and Western Sitatunga. Central African Slender-snouted Crocodiles are quite common in the more forested rivers, much more so than the larger Nile Crocodile. At night, Franquet’s Epauletted Fruit Bats can be seen, often hanging from branches in the trees.

Gabon: Day 20  After a last morning in the Omboué/Loango region, we will return to Port Gentil and take an early evening flight to Libreville, where our tour ends.

Other key-importance West African birding tours by Birdquest include: