The Ultimate In Birding Tours

Indian Ocean Islands

SEYCHELLES, MAURITIUS & RÉUNION – Endemics and seabirds in an Earthly Paradise


Birdquest’s combined Seychelles, Mauritius & Réunion birding tours explore a series of far-flung Indian Ocean Islands which offer some very enjoyable birdwatching. Our combined Seychelles, Mauritius and Réunion birding tour provides comprehensive coverage of the islands’ endemic birds and also features fantastic seabirds and some very beautiful island scenery.

At one time or another most of us experience the desire to get away from the stresses of modern life and escape to some idyllic tropical island where white sandy beaches are fringed by coconut palms, their fronds swaying gently in the breeze, where warm blue waters lap softly on the shoreline and nearby coral reefs teem with brilliantly coloured fish. To complete the scene (for the birdwatcher at least), there should be tropicbirds floating gently overhead and Common White (or Fairy) Terns, surely the most delicately beautiful of all the seabirds, tame enough to nest on a branch not far above one’s head!

This picture of paradise is not a fantasy but reality amongst the string of islands that dot the Indian Ocean to the east of the African continent. With good to excellent accommodations, some superb food and mostly easy birding, this tour counts as a real ‘holiday’. We will not only have enough time to look for all 30 of the endemic landbirds and the seabirds of the islands we visit, but will also have a bit of time left over to swim, snorkel or soak up the atmosphere of these pearls of the Indian Ocean. As a consequence, this is also a trip a non-birding partner would enjoy. The tour will visit no fewer than 8 of these delightful isles, each one with its own character and each one completely different from the others. This ’earthly paradise’ is a notoriously expensive part of the world for a holiday, but most visitors consider it worth every penny.

We begin our tour in the Seychelles, a group of ancient granitic islands with some of the most beautiful scenery in the world. Here we will visit the islands of Mahé, Praslin, Cousin, La Digue and Aride, each with their own special birds. These delightful islands hold some of the world’s rarest birds, including the endemic Seychelles Scops Owl, Seychelles Magpie-Robin, Seychelles Paradise Flycatcher, Seychelles Warbler and Seychelles White-eye, while additional endemics include Seychelles Kestrel, Seychelles Blue Pigeon, Seychelles Black Parrot, Seychelles Swiftlet, Seychelles Bulbul, Seychelles Sunbird and Seychelles Fody. As a bonus, we will visit the teeming seabird colonies that provide an unforgettable spectacle. Here we will see thousands of Sooty Terns and Brown and Lesser Noddies at their colonies, piratical frigatebirds hanging in the deep blue sky, impossibly beautiful Common White Terns that are utterly fearless of man and Wedge-tailed Shearwaters gliding over crystal clear waters.

Moving on to Mauritius, a verdant volcanic island which is home to some more of the world’s rarest birds, we will explore the remaining areas of tropical forest in search of the endemics: Mauritius Kestrel, Pink Pigeon, Echo (or Mauritius) Parakeet, Mauritius Cuckooshrike, Mauritius Bulbul, Mascarene Paradise Flycatcher, Mauritius Grey White-eye, Mauritius Olive White-eye and Mauritius Fody. We will also make a boat trip to uninhabited Round Island where breeding Red-tailed and White-tailed Tropicbirds circle and ‘Round Island Petrels’ (formerly considered to be Trinidade Petrels, but now known to be a hybrid population between at least three Pterodroma species and perhaps best treated as an endemic species) swoop over the island in dashing aerial displays.

The remote island of Rodrigues is rarely visited by birdwatchers, despite having two endemic landbirds (Rodrigues Warbler and Rodrigues Fody), so our visit here is something out of the ordinary.

We will finish our journey with an exploration of the island of Réunion, which lacks sandy beaches but makes up for this by the grandeur of the scenery. Dramatic volcanic mountains with forest-clad slopes rise steeply from the surrounding waters whilst inland are vast craters that tell the story of the island’s turbulent geological past more eloquently than any words. Endemic Barau’s and Mascarene (or Réunion) Petrels breed among the cloud-wreathed peaks and endemic landbirds include Réunion Harrier, Réunion Cuckooshrike, Réunion Bulbul, Réunion Stonechat, Réunion Grey White-eye and Réunion Olive White-eye.

Birdquest has operated Seychelles, Mauritius & Réunion birding tours since 1987.

In years when both are offered, this tour can be taken together with: COMORO ISLANDS

Accommodation & Road Transport: The hotels are of good or very good standard throughout. Road transport is by small coach or minibus and roads are good.

Walking: The walking effort during our Seychelles, Mauritius & Réunion birding tour is mostly easy, but there are two moderate grade walks in Mauritius and Réunion.

Climate: It will be generally hot and sunny, although overcast weather can occur at times. At higher altitudes on Mauritius and Réunion the temperature ranges from cool to warm. There is likely to be some rain and it will be fairly humid.

Bird Photography: Opportunities during our Seychelles, Mauritius & Réunion birding tour are good.


  • Finding the unobtrusive, tiny Seychelles Kestrel
  • Scoping spectacularly patterned Seychelles Blue Pigeons sitting in the canopy
  • A nocturnal foray in the hills for the lovely Seychelles Scops Owl
  • Strolling through the Tolkienesque Vallée de Mai with its unique Coco-de-Mer palms and its endemic Seychelles Black Parrots
  • A visit to the seabird islet of Cousin, where hundreds of elegant White Terns and thousands of Noddies breed and where very rare Seychelles Warblers, Seychelles Fodies and Seychelles Magpie-Robins thrive
  • A visit to the spectacular seabird island of Aride with its multitudes of White-tailed Tropicbirds and Sooty Terns and its large frigatebird roost
  • Strolling along the scenic granitic boulder strewn beach of La Digue
  • Admiring the very attractive Seychelles Paradise Flycatcher
  • Getting to know Echo Parakeet, Mauritius Kestrel and Pink Pigeon, all of which have been brought back from near extinction on the island of Mauritius
  • That feeling of relief when a Mauritius Olive White-eye finally pops into view!
  • Visiting a patch of woodland on the remote, little visited island of Rodrigues, where Rodrigues Warbler and attractive Rodrigues Flying Foxes live
  • Enjoying the cute little Rodrigues Fody waving its wings
  • A fun boat trip to Round and Serpent Islands with their large colonies of White-tailed and Red-tailed Tropicbirds and their intriguing population of 'Round Island' Petrels
  • Hiking up into the mountains of the very French island of Reunion to find the increasingly rare Reunion Cuckooshrike
  • Watching confiding Reunion Stonechats, beautiful Mascarene Paradise Flycatchers and quartering Reunion Harriers
  • Standing in awe at the edge of a spectacular volcanic crater looking deep into its centre
  • A late afternoon seawatch with excellent views of incoming Barau’s Petrels


  • Day 1: Morning tour start at Mahé airport, Seychelles.
  • Day 2: Mahé island, then fly to Praslin island.
  • Days 3-4: Exploring Praslin, plus boat trips to Cousin and Aride.
  • Day 5: Boat trip to La Digue, then fly back from Praslin to Mahé.
  • Day 6: Flight to Mauritius.
  • Day 7: Mauritius, then fly to Rodriques.
  • Day 8: Rodrigues, then fly back to Mauritius.
  • Day 9: Mauritius, including boat trip to Round Island.
  • Day 10: Mauritius, then fly to Réunion.
  • Day 11: Réunion.
  • Day 12: Réunion. Evening tour end at Réunion airport.

To see a larger map, click on the square-like ‘enlarge’ icon in the upper right of the map box.

To see (or hide) the ‘map legend’, click on the icon with an arrow in the upper left of the map box.

To change to a satellite view, which is great for seeing the physical terrain (and for seeing really fine details by repetitive use of the + button), click on the square ‘map view’ icon in the lower left corner of the ‘map legend’.


Birdquest Inclusions: Our tour prices include surface transportation, accommodations, meals and entrance fees.

We also include all tipping for local guides, drivers, boatmen and accommodation/restaurant staff.

We also include these flights: Mahé (Seychelles)-Praslin-Mahé, Mahé (Seychelles)-Mauritius, Mauritius-Rodrigues-Mauritius and Mauritius-Réunion.

Deposit: 20% of the total tour price. Our office will let you know what deposit amount is due, in order to confirm your booking, following receipt of your online booking form.

TO BOOK THIS TOUR: Click here (you will need the tour dates)

The single supplement will not apply if you indicate on booking that you prefer to share a room and there is a room-mate of the same sex available.

This tour is priced in US Dollars. Amounts shown in other currencies are indicative.

Air Travel To & From The Tour: Our in-house IATA ticket agency will be pleased to arrange your air travel on request, or you may arrange this yourself if you prefer.


Seychelles, Mauritius & Réunion: Day 1  Our tour begins this morning at Mahé airport. We will transfer to our hotel on Mahé, where we will overnight.

The island of Mahé is the largest of the Seychelles group and boasts the world’s smallest capital city, Victoria. The friendly Creole population have a carefree manner characteristic of these gentle islands. This happy-go-lucky attitude is infectious and visitors soon become accustomed to the rhythm of island life. The Creole influence on local food has produced a wonderfully varied and exciting cuisine, much of it based on fresh seafood.

Mahé has beautiful beaches, mangrove swamps and extensive areas of mountain forest on the central ridge which rises to around 500m. Some of the peaks are covered in cloudforest which harbours endemic tree frogs and chameleons.

The main avian prizes of Mahé are the endangered endemic Seychelles Scops Owl, which currently appears to have a stable population of 80-160 pairs, and the endangered endemic Seychelles White-eye. The population of the white-eye on Mahé is thought to be only around 30-40 individuals and may still be decreasing, although fortunately a population of about 300 birds has now been found on the uninhabited islet of Conception. Both the white-eye and the scops owl will probably require a bit of effort to locate.

The majority of the other nine bird species endemic to the Seychelles Islands occur on Mahé and as we explore the mountain forests we will easily find Seychelles Kestrel, Seychelles Blue Pigeon (a spectacular deep blue pigeon with a white head and neck and a brilliant scarlet wattle on its crown), Seychelles Bulbul and Seychelles Sunbird.

Among the introduced species that occur here are Malagasy Turtle Dove, Zebra Dove, Indian Myna and Red Fody. Western Cattle Egrets are found commonly in the lowlands and, at the coast, we should see a selection of shorebirds, including Grey (or Black-bellied) Plover, Whimbrel, Common Greenshank, Common Sandpiper and Ruddy Turnstone.

Seychelles, Mauritius & Réunion: Day 2  After some more birding on Mahé we will take a flight to Praslin for a three nights stay.

Praslin is sparsely populated and is the epitome of a tropical island paradise. This afternoon we shall visit the beautiful Vallée de Mai National Park where stands of the unique Coco-de-Mer, which produce the strange double coconut that is the largest seed in the plant kingdom, occur alongside other endemic palms. The main birding interest is provided by the very distinctive endemic Seychelles Black Parrot.

Seychelles, Mauritius & Réunion: Days 3-4  From Praslin we will take a short boat trip to the low-lying, mainly wooded island of Cousin.

This tiny uninhabited isle only a kilometre across is a BirdLife International reserve which safeguards one of only four populations of the Seychelles Warbler. Once considered to be critically endangered with a world population of only 30 individuals, the species has now increased to a stable population of around 2500 birds.

We will also be looking for the Seychelles Magpie-Robin, the most endangered of the Seychelles endemics with a total population of only about 170 individuals. The magpie-robins are currently the subject of a BirdLife International conservation project to try to ensure their future.

The Toq-Toq or Seychelles Fody is quite numerous here and its catholic diet not only includes fruit, seeds and insects but seabirds eggs as well! Some of the Malagasy Turtle Doves here may be pure-bred Seychelles race, untainted by hybridization with the introduced Madagascar race (something which has occurred on most of the other islands).

Seabirds will be a feature of the day and we can expect to see White-tailed Tropicbirds, Brown and Lesser Noddies, and Bridled and Common White (or Fairy) Terns. Wedge-tailed Shearwaters nest in cracks in the granite boulders and although they only fly into the colonies at night we may be fortunate enough to see a few individuals even in the daytime.

The island is also home to some introduced Giant Aldabra Tortoises, which we should find leisurely chewing on some vegetation, or lumbering slowly through the more open areas of forest.

The small island of La Digue, which we will also visit, is likewise only a short boat trip from Praslin. This quiet island with its scattered settlement is the home of the most beautiful of the endemic birds of the Seychelles, the Seychelles (or Black) Paradise Flycatcher. The males are a rich, velvety blue-black and have improbably long tail plumes which stream out behind as they flit amongst the shady takamaka trees.

La Digue also has one of the few known Seychelles breeding colonies of Seychelles Swiftlet and we may be able to climb up to their cave to inspect the diminutive nests that cling to the bare granitic rock. Seychelles Sunbirds are particularly common here and introduced Common Waxbills are frequently encountered.

We shall visit a small marsh where Yellow Bitterns, a species that probably colonized the Seychelles naturally, can be found, and we may also find the Seychelles race of the Common Moorhen. The coast of La Digue often has a few migrant Crab-Plovers, a remarkable wader which is placed in its own family. We may see these unusual birds sitting on their haunches with their legs folded beneath them.

We will also make a boat trip to the seabird island of Aride, looking out for Wedge-tailed and Tropical (split from Audubon’s) Shearwaters during the crossing. The rocky hills of this small island are covered in woodland which provides nesting sites for a variety of seabirds.

The island is owned by the Royal Society for Nature Conservation and has some of the largest colonies of tropical seabirds in the Indian Ocean. Pride of place must go to the quarter of a million nesting Sooty Terns, closely followed by twenty thousand White-tailed Tropicbirds. The largest colony of Lesser Noddies in the Seychelles is found here as well as smaller numbers of Bridled Terns, Brown Noddies and delightful Common White Terns. There is a spectacular roost of both Greater and Lesser Frigatebirds on the island.

We may be fortunate enough to find one or two vagrant seabirds, such as Brown Booby or Red-footed Booby.

The experience of the sight, sound and smell of such vast numbers of seabirds at such close range is quite overwhelming and will provide a host of unforgettable memories.

Seychelles, Mauritius & Réunion: Day 5  After a last morning in the outer islands, we will return by air to Mahé for an overnight stay.

We will have another chance to look for Seychelles Scops Owl or Seychelles White-eye if we failed to find either during our previous visit, or indeed anything else of interest.

Seychelles, Mauritius & Réunion: Day 6  Today we will catch a flight to Mauritius for an overnight stay.

On the way to our hotel, we shall drive through the coastal lowlands, passing fields of sugar cane dotted with the strange black pyramids of volcanic rocks that have been painstakingly cleared from the soil over the centuries. The journey provides us with our first real chance to take a look at the colourful Mauritians, an attractive blend of Asian, African and European peoples with a similarly mixed culture. We may arrive in time for some initial exploration.

Seychelles, Mauritius & Réunion: Day 7  The forests on Mauritius are now mostly confined to the mountains of the southwest of the island, where the scenery is spectacular. The volcanic ridges and peaks are dissected by deep valleys cloaked in lush forest where White-tailed Tropicbirds float over the green canopy and the white plumes of waterfalls cascade over cliffs to the valley floor far below.

Since the island was discovered by man in 1598 the natural vegetation has suffered greatly with the result that many of the native island birds have dwindled almost to the point of extinction through a combination of habitat destruction and some unfortunate introductions of both birds and mammals. Some species became extinct, notably the Dodo which has since become a symbol of man’s failure to live in harmony with nature.

Nowadays the surviving but endangered birds of Mauritius are subject to intense conservation efforts in a successful effort to save the species concerned.

Amongst the birds we will be searching for are the lovely Pink Pigeon, the beautiful Echo (or Mauritius) Parakeet and the extraordinary, short-winged Mauritius Kestrel. We should see all three fairly easily, in spite of the fact they are some of the world’s rarest birds.

The Echo Parakeet is now the rarest of these three species. Ousted from many areas by the very similar introduced Ring-necked Parakeet, it was for many years thought to be only a subspecies of the latter and its plight consequently ignored.

The Mauritius Kestrel has made a remarkable comeback in recent years, having also reached the brink of extinction. This remarkable falcon is a forest dweller and has evolved short wings and a long, manoeuvrable tail more typical of an accipiter than a falcon to cope with its woodland environment. Its main prey is the tiny green gecko that lives on the leaves of the Traveller’s Palm and some other trees.

As we explore the remaining forest, Mascarene Swiftlets flutter over the canopy and Mauritius Grey White-eyes flit from tree to tree, but we will have to work quite hard to get to grips with Mauritius Cuckooshrike, Mauritius Bulbul, Mascarene Paradise Flycatcher (the local form is sometimes treated as a single-island endemic), Mauritius Olive White-eye and Mauritius Fody as all five are still declining. The white-eye, in particular, has suffered more than any other passerine from predation by introduced rats, cats and monkeys, so we may need to spend some time in order to find this rare endemic.

We will also have time to look at the birds of the cultivated lowlands, the majority of which are introduced species, such as Striated (or Green-backed) Heron, Malagasy Turtle Dove, Zebra and Spotted Doves, Mascarene Martin, Red-whiskered Bulbul, Village Weaver, Red Fody, Yellow-fronted Canary, Common Waxbill, Common Myna and House Crow.

Sandy beaches and mudflats are attractive to migrant shorebirds such as Greater Sand Plover, Grey (or Black-bellied) Plover, Curlew Sandpiper, Whimbrel and Ruddy Turnstone.

Late this afternoon or early this evening we will catch a flight to the remote island of Rodrigues for an overnight stay.

Seychelles, Mauritius & Réunion: Day 8  Rodrigues is a rather barren island surrounded by coral reefs and has several tiny outlying islets which provide a haven for breeding seabirds. The island has suffered at the hands of man as well as from cyclones and much of the island’s natural vegetation has been destroyed. The lowlands, like those on Mauritius, are heavily cultivated but the slopes above are dotted with pandanus palms and scrub with only a few remnant native trees.

In some of the higher valleys, tiny patches of native forest occur, albeit mixed with mangoes and other exotics. Here two endemic landbirds, the Rodrigues Fody and the Rodrigues Warbler, cling to a precarious existence. Thankfully both their numbers have increased in recent times. Few birdwatchers have ever seen these rare species, both of which have small populations.

We should also see the endangered Rodrigues Flying Fox, which was the subject of successful captive breeding programmes in Mauritius and Jersey.

This afternoon we will return by air to Mauritius for a two nights stay.

Seychelles, Mauritius & Réunion: Day 9  After spending the morning exploring the native forests, we will drive to the northwestern corner of the island and embark on a boat trip to Round Island and Serpent Island. These two small uninhabited islands lie to the north of Mauritius.

Once we have passed through the reef we will see the first Sooty Terns and Brown Noddies. Wedge-tailed Shearwaters pass alongside and, if we are lucky, dolphins will play in the bow wave whilst glittering silver flying fish explode from the sea and glide over the crests of the waves. As we approach Serpent Island we will see clouds of terns rising above the barren rocky slopes. Here Lesser Noddies nest alongside Sooty Terns and Brown Noddies. White-tailed and Red-tailed Tropicbirds hang in the updraughts above the sheer cliffs and a small colony of Masked Boobies huddle together on the windward side of the island.

Round Island has seen successful efforts by conservationists to exterminate the island’s rat and feral rabbit population, in an attempt to save both the native vegetation and allow smaller seabirds to breed more successfully. The island is home to several species of endemic reptiles, including skinks, geckos and a sand boa, as well as two endemic palms.

Here we should see the two (or possibly more) morphs of the ‘Round Island Petrel’ indulging in their high-speed aerial chases, which are a delight to watch. The Pterodroma population here were formerly considered to be Herald Petrels, then later considered Trinidade Petrels. However, more recently genetic research has shown them to be a hybrid population involving at least three Pterodroma species; Trinidade Petrel which nests in the South Atlantic and Kermadec Petrel P. neglecta and Herald Petrel P. heraldica which nest in the South Pacific! Scientists are already proposed treating this interesting population as an endemic species.

Seychelles, Mauritius & Réunion: Day 10  After spending much of the day on Mauritius we will take a short flight across to the island of Réunion for a two nights stay.

Seychelles, Mauritius & Réunion: Day 11  The dramatically mountainous, volcanic island of Réunion has the status of a department of France, rather curiously misplaced in the middle of the Indian Ocean. The way of life is very French with pavement cafés and a distinctly French cuisine. The red-tiled houses that dot the slopes would not look out of place in Provence and even some of the scenery could have come straight from the south of France.

The natural forest cover on Réunion is much more extensive than on Mauritius and it is a delight to walk along the peaceful trails through the luxuriant vegetation rich in tree ferns and epiphytic orchids. Here we will look for the endemic birds of the island.

The Réunion Cuckooshrike or Tuit-Tuit gets its local name from the characteristic calls which draw attention to this otherwise rather secretive bird which creeps about in the moss encrusted branches. The Réunion Bulbul, which is now considered critically endangered, is very similar to its Mauritius counterpart but is smaller and has a white eye. The delightful Réunion Stonechat or Tek-Tek is common along with the more open parts of the trails, usually nesting in the mossy banks or among tree roots, whilst the Réunion Grey White-eye and the distinctive Réunion Olive White-eye flit through the leafy canopy in noisy bands. The Coq de Bois or Mascarene Paradise Flycatcher is much easier to find here than on Mauritius, the form here (which is sometimes treated as a full species) having a grey rather than a black head in the male. In the more open areas, we should encounter the splendid endemic Réunion Harrier.

Later in the day we shall visit the coastline to look for seabirds. During our seawatch we will look out for Baillon’s and Wedge-tailed Shearwaters and in particular the beautiful endemic Barau’s Petrel or Taille Vent as it is called locally. In the late afternoon, the first Barau’s Petrels begin to approach the land. At first, they shear over the waves and then, once over the land, they gradually begin to wheel and circle ever higher until they disappear from view as they head for their nesting sites (discovered only recently) high up among the rugged volcanic peaks of the island’s centre. If we are really in luck we will see the rare endemic Mascarene (Réunion) Petrel as well.

Seychelles, Mauritius & Réunion: Day 12  This morning, provided we have seen all the endemic landbirds well, we will drive up a winding road of hairpin bends that will take us slowly from sea level to a spectacular viewpoint on the rim of one of the three huge volcanic cirques that form the heart of the island. The scenery is quite breathtaking, with stupendous views of the highest peaks on Réunion (which reach 3065m) as well as down into the crater floor over a thousand metres below. Once inhabited by escaped slaves, the tiny settlements we can see far below are still almost totally isolated from the outside world as no road reaches into the crater.

There will also be the chance for another seawatch in the hope of seeing Mascarene Petrel.

Our tour ends this evening at Réunion airport.


by Mark Van Beirs

View Report


by Hannu Jännes

View Report

Other Indian Ocean Islands birding tours by Birdquest include: