The Ultimate In Birding Tours

Europe (and its islands)

BELARUS – Europe’s Last Great Birding Frontier

Wednesday 8th May – Saturday 18th May 2030

Leader: Dima Shamovich

11 Days Group Size Limit 8


Birdquest’s Belarus birding tours explore a country that is still little known to birdwatchers, but which holds a superb variety of special birds. Our springtime Belarus birding tour to the forests and marshes of the region known as ‘White Russia’ focuses on such mega-specialities as the beautiful Azure Tit, lekking Great Snipe, the magnificent Great Grey Owl and Aquatic Warbler. A wonderful supporting cast includes Greater Spotted Eagle, Hazel Grouse, lekking Western Capercaillie and Black Grouse, Terek Sandpiper, Ural and Tengmalm’s (or Boreal) Owls, Eurasian Pygmy Owl, Eurasian Three-toed and White-backed Woodpeckers, and Citrine Wagtail. Our combination of both northern and southern Belarus is unique, never mind the tame Grey Wolves and all the wild mammals!

Important: Given the ongoing situation in Belarus, it is not possible to operate birding tours there at the present time. We have to give a set of dates so that you can read the tour itinerary (which would otherwise be invisible). We do not know when we will next be able to operate this tour.

Imagine a place where birds that are fast disappearing from Europe’s woodland and countryside still thrive in abundance, marshes where Great Snipes conduct their peculiar lekking displays from grass tussocks, the trilling song of the Aquatic Warbler is a common sound within vast fen mires, Great Grey Owls watch over primaeval forests where European Bison roam and super-smart little Azure Tits can be found in stands of willows. This is Belarus in a nutshell. As our natural landscape has deteriorated across Europe in the wake of EU agricultural policy, the fledgeling republic of Belarus has been protected from this change, by a now rather rusty iron curtain. It also has a sparse population of only 9.5 million people spread over a country a little smaller than the United Kingdom and over 90% of this area is still covered by natural vegetation. With largely traditional agricultural methods still in use, Belarus has retained a landscape like no other European country, often described as like stepping back in time 50 years. With all of the special bird species found in neighbouring Poland and more besides, Belarus is the last great frontier of European birding.

During our Belarus birding tour, we will visit one area in the north and three areas in the south of the country.

Northern Belarus offers the chance of adding some very desirable forest birds, which are either not possible or more difficult to find in the south of the country, including Ural and Tengmalm’s (or Boreal) Owls, Hazel and Black Grouse, and Western Capercaillie, as well as Spotted Nutcracker and Golden Eagle. In addition, Eurasian Pygmy Owl and Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker are a little easier to see in the north of the country, on our local guide’s doorstep. Other species possible here include White-tailed Eagle, Short-toed Snake Eagle, Western Osprey, Eurasian Curlew, Whimbrel, Common Greenshank and Black-tailed Godwit.

We will have the privilege of staying deep in the heart of the Krasny Bor Reserve in a traditional-style wooden guesthouse with birds all around us, a family of wild European Beavers in a nearby pond and a pack of captive/tamed Grey Wolves, which our local guide uses for filming in wild environments.

From Krasny Bor, we will travel south to the Pripyatsky National Park. On the extensive and virtually pristine flood plain of the Pripyat River, we will have the privilege of visiting a Great Snipe lek. We will also search for delightful Azure Tits in stands of riparian willows and explore marshes for Terek Sandpipers at their most westerly breeding site. Black Storks and Citrine Wagtails are also present here in small numbers whilst the wetlands hold Wood Sandpiper, groups of northbound Ruffs in their outrageous breeding plumage and Whiskered, Black and White-winged Terns. In nearby woodland and marshland we will look out for White-tailed, Greater Spotted and Lesser Spotted Eagles, Eurasian Wryneck, White-backed, Black, Middle Spotted, Grey-headed and Eurasian Three-toed Woodpeckers, Collared and Red-breasted Flycatchers, Thrush Nightingale, Eurasian Penduline Tit and Eurasian Golden Oriole.

We will also visit the Beloe Fishponds, a breeding site of Smew and Ferruginous Duck, where we may also see Great Crested and Eared (or Black-necked) Grebes, Great Cormorant, Great Bittern, Great Egret, Black Stork, Whooper Swan, Common Goldeneye, Tufted Duck and Great Reed Warbler.

Our next destination is the Sporovsky Biological Reserve. The vast fen mires here are the largest remaining in Europe and host the majority of the world’s breeding Aquatic Warblers. As well as this particularly sought-after species, we will also search for birds such as Common Crane, Citrine Wagtail, and especially the splendid Great Grey Owl, which regularly breeds nearby. Our local guide will usually know of some nests of other interesting birds, such as Hazel Grouse and Long-eared and Tawny Owls.

From here we will travel west to the primeval forest of Belowezhskaya Pushcha, which is the eastern section of forest known as Bialowieza on the Polish side of the frontier, Europe’s finest remaining tract of lowland forest and is home to one of the only remaining populations of European Bison left in the wild (the species once occurred widely across the forest zone of Europe and possibly Asia, but began to vanish not long after the end of the last Ice Age as human pressures intensified, now surviving only in the Caucasus and in Poland/Belarus). Once a hunting preserve of Grand Lithuanian Dukes, Polish kings and later the Russian Tsars, the forest has suffered badly during wars, but in spite of this large tracts survived. As well as the bison, there are some very exciting birds, including Black Stork, Hazel Grouse, Eurasian Pygmy and Tengmalm’s Owls, and Red-breasted and Collared Flycatchers.

Birdquest has operated Belarus birding tours since 2014.

What makes the Birdquest Belarus birding tour special?: Our combination of localities in both northern and southern Belarus is unique, never mind the tame Grey Wolves! In addition, our group size is significantly smaller than for other tours. There is a lot of forest birding in Belarus and a smaller group size is a major advantage for participants.

Accommodation & Road Transport: Hotels and food in Belarus have improved in recent years and are of good standard at all locations. Road transport is usually by small coach and roads are generally good (and mostly with only light traffic).

Walking: The walking effort during our Belarus birding tour is easy almost throughout.

Climate: Depending on the variable spring weather, it can be cool in the mornings and then hot and sunny during the day, but there can also be fairly cold, wet and overcast periods.

Bird Photography: Opportunities during our Belarus birding tour are good.


  • Step back in time to a place like no other European country, where the countryside is still full of bird song
  • Great Snipes conduct their strange lekking display from grass tussocks in lush riverside meadows, relicts of an ancient landscape
  • Another precious relict, the dainty Aquatic Warbler delivers its trilling song from vast sedge fens in its last stronghold at the Sporovsky Biological Reserve
  • A high-pitched tinkling call from an old willow signals the presence of an Azure Tit, the icing sugar on the Belorussian cake, here at the westernmost limit of its mostly Asiatic range
  • A Corncrake’s rasping call can be heard from a flowery meadow, while a Thrush Nightingale belts out its loud song from a nearby copse
  • A lilac-filled, overgrown garden that once belonged to a Soviet war veteran is now home to River and Barred Warblers, while a wryneck sings from an alder tree
  • An imperious Great Grey Owl peers over a meadow, deep in the primeval hunting forest of the Russian Tsars, where European Bison roam
  • Two ‘Jack-in-the-box’ owls peer out of old Black Woodpecker nest holes; the highly sought-after Northern Pygmy Owl and Tengmalm’s Owl
  • A ‘deceptively gentle-looking’ Ural Owl glares at us at Krasny Bor in Northern Belarus, while pretty Camberwell Beauty butterflies flutter along sandy forest tracks
  • White-backed and Eurasian Three-toed Woodpeckers are common enough in the forest bogs not to need a stakeout for them in Belarus
  • Smart Collared and Red-breasted Flycatchers singing from the shady canopy of the old oak trees
  • Terek Sandpipers breeding along wooded banks as we cruise along the untamed and meandering Pripyat River, a former Trans-European trading route of the Vikings
  • Clouds of White-winged Terns hawk over insect-filled marshes, with the reflection of a shiny onion-domed Orthodox church in the distance
  • Watching a drake Smew, another bird at the southernmost limit of its range, chasing his 'redhead' partner over the reedbeds of Beloe Fishponds


  • Day 1: Afternoon start at Minsk airport. Drive north to Krasny Bor.
  • Days 2-3: Krasny Bor.
  • Day 4: Drive south to Turov.
  • Day 5: Turov area/Pripyat River.
  • Day 6: To Doroshevichy in Pripyatsky National Park.
  • Day 7: Pripyatsky National Park
  • Day 8: Drive west to Bereza (or Bjaroza).
  • Day 9: Sporovsky Biological Reserve, then drive to Belowezhskaya Pushcha.
  • Day 10: Belowezhskaya Pushcha.
  • Day 11: Return to Minsk airport where the tour ends in the early afternoon.

To see a larger map, click on the square-like ‘enlarge’ icon in the upper right of the map box.

To see (or hide) the ‘map legend’, click on the icon with an arrow in the upper left of the map box.

To change to a satellite view, which is great for seeing the physical terrain (and for seeing really fine details by repetitive use of the + button), click on the square ‘map view’ icon in the lower left corner of the ‘map legend’.


Birdquest Inclusions: Our tour prices include surface transportation, accommodations, meals and entrance fees.

We also include all tipping for local guides, drivers and accommodation/restaurant staff.

Deposit: 20% of the total tour price. Our office will let you know what deposit amount is due, in order to confirm your booking, following receipt of your online booking form.

TO BOOK THIS TOUR: Click here (you will need the tour dates)

The single supplement will not apply if you indicate on booking that you prefer to share a room and there is a room-mate of the same sex available.

The supplement does not cover Krasny Bor, where there are only a limited number of rooms. It is possible that not all those requesting singles will be able to have them. So far as is practicable, priority will be given to those booking earliest.

This tour is priced in Euros. Amounts shown in other currencies are indicative.

Air Travel To & From The Tour: Our in-house IATA ticket agency will be pleased to arrange your air travel on request, or you may arrange this yourself if you prefer.


Belarus: Day 1  Our Belarus birding tour begins in the afternoon in Minsk, from where we will drive north to the Krasny Bor Reserve on the Russian border, where we will spend three nights at a private, traditional-style wooden guesthouse located deep in the heart of the reserve by the Nischa River.

This evening we will begin our exploration of this wonderful forest reserve with a visit to a Ural Owl territory, where we should enjoy an encounter with these saturnine yet fearsome owls.

Belarus: Days 2-3  The Krasny Bor Reserve has one of the lowest population densities of the country at around 3-4 persons per square kilometre. Boreal forest covers around 80% of the landscape here, with a further 5% consisting of lakes and bogs. Together with the adjacent Osveya Reserve to the west and the Russian Sebezh National Park to the north, they combine to form a vast protected area. The north of the country is characterised by glacial forms such as kames and moraine hills, pingo lakes and inland sand dunes cloaked with mixed boreal forest, dominated by spruce and Scots Pine with Aspen and Black Alder in the wetter areas.

Our early morning walks will feature visits to nearby Black Grouse and Western Capercaillie leks, just a few kilometres from our lodge, places where Hazel Grouse and Eurasian Three-toed Woodpeckers can also be found.

After breakfast, we will venture further into the forest in search of White-backed Woodpecker, Spotted Nutcracker and other forest species. Raptors are represented here by Golden, White-tailed and Short-toed Eagles as well as Western Osprey and Merlin. Evenings will include searching for both Eurasian Pygmy and Tengmalm’s (or Boreal) Owls and the forests here also hold healthy populations of Lynx, Wolf and Brown Bear, although we will have to be very lucky to see even one of these.

A vast raised bog in the Krasny Bor reserve holds colonies of shorebirds such as European Golden Plover, Common Greenshanks, Black-tailed Godwits, Eurasian Curlews and Whimbrels (the latter is found breeding here surprisingly far south). Eurasian Hobbies hunt the area and stately Great Grey Shrikes breed.

Belarus: Day 4  Today we have a long drive south to the Slavic town of Turov, situated close to the Pripyatsky National Park, where we will stay for two nights at a comfortable hotel.

Turov is the oldest Belorusian town and formerly part of the Duchy of Turov and Pinsk it grew in importance on the ancient trade route from the Baltic to the Black Sea. The Vikings also knew of Turov, and one can imagine their longboats passing by on the Pripyat River, on their long journey to the Black Sea and beyond to raid Constantinople. The town has an interesting history but it has suffered terribly over the centuries, being destroyed by the Tartars in 1521 and again during the wars with Muscovy in 1648, when three-quarters of its homes were razed to the ground. Turov’s Jewish community was also wiped out in World War II and only a handful of families have since returned. In fact, Belarus lost a truly staggering one-third of its population during the Second World War. If time allows we will make our first excursion in the surrounding marshes this evening.

Belarus: Day 5  We will spend our time exploring the marshes, ox-bow lakes and flooded woodlands along the course of the Pripyat River, an area of pretty traditional villages.

The vast marshes support around 150 pairs of Great Snipe and an evening visit to one of their leks will be an undoubted highlight of our stay in Belarus. Here we will gather at dusk as the birds begin to arrive and commence standing erect with their bills pointed upwards whilst flashing the conspicuous area of white in their outer tail feathers, all the while making strange little clicks, grunts, whistles and whooshing sounds as they move around their arena. From time to time they hurl themselves into the air and as the light dims they begin to chase each other, flying low over the marshes.

Two of our other targets here, Terek Sandpiper and the beautiful Azure Tit, can be found breeding at the western limit of their ranges, the latter sometimes nesting in the walls of rickety old wooden houses. The Turov area is also home to a small population of Greater Spotted Eagles and we should encounter this threatened raptor during our stay, as well as its smaller and more common cousin the Lesser Spotted Eagle.

Other birds we will search for include Great Bittern, Great Egret, Greylag Goose, Gadwall, Garganey, White and Black Storks, Marsh, Hen and Montagu’s Harriers, White-tailed Eagle, Northern Goshawk, Eurasian Hobby, Corn Crake, Common Crane, Common Oystercatcher, Common Ringed Plover, Black-tailed Godwit, Spotted and Common Redshanks, Common Greenshank, Wood and Green Sandpipers, the handsome Ruff, Little Gull, Whiskered, Black and White-winged (in their smart breeding plumage), Little and Caspian Terns, Eurasian Hoopoe, the huge Black (no doubt seeing the latter only after hearing its almost electronic ‘bleep’ call or its loud rattling cry), Middle Spotted, Syrian, Grey-headed and Eurasian Three-toed Woodpeckers, Eurasian Golden Oriole, Grey-headed (of the form dombrowski) and Blue-headed Wagtails, the westward-spreading Citrine Wagtail, Thrush Nightingale, the stunning Bluethroat (the white-spotted here), Fieldfare, Common Grasshopper, Savi’s, Great Reed, Sedge, Icterine, Barred, Willow and Wood Warblers, Collared, Pied and Red-breasted Flycatchers, Crested Tit, the delightful little Eurasian Penduline Tit, Great Grey Shrike and Hawfinch.

Belarus: Day 6  Today we will travel to Doroshevichy inside the Pripyatsky National Park for a two nights stay. We will have plenty of time for birding today, mostly inside the park.

Belarus: Day 7  The wonderful Pripyatsky National Park is one of four national parks in Belarus and Birdlife International’s Important Bird Area BY036. Established in 1996 it protects an area of more than 80,000 hectares of the floodplain of the Pripyat river, at the confluence of two of its tributaries, the Stviga and the Ubort. There are more than 40 small lakes within the park, part of a bygone landscape, relatively untouched by man but sculpted by beavers. The avifauna inside the park overlaps strongly with that of the Turov area and we will have additional chances for trickier species such as Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker.

During our stay at Doroshevichy, we will make a very pleasant boat trip along the Pripyat River, seeing the landscape from a different perspective and admiring the Terek Sandpipers that nest along its banks, as well as a variety of raptors and migrant shorebirds.

In the evenings, night birding possibilities include Eurasian Eagle-Owl, Northern Pygmy-Owl, Spotted and Little Crakes, and Eurasian Woodcock, although the crakes may not be present in any given spring.

A small number of European Bison was introduced here in 1987 and other mammals present in the park include Elk (or Moose), Brown Bear, Grey Wolf, European Beaver, Eurasian Lynx, European and American (escaped) Mink, European Otter, Pine Marten and the introduced Raccoon Dog. We will try some spot-lighting after dark in the park and with luck, we will see some of these creatures.

Belarus: Day 8  Today we will drive west to Bereza (or Bjaroza) near the Sporovsky Biological Reserve for an overnight stay. We may have time to start our exploration on arrival, and we will also stop off along the way at Beloe (or Bielaje) Fishponds, a breeding site of Smew and Ferruginous Duck, where we may well also see Little Grebe, Great Cormorant, Great Bittern, Great Egret, Black Stork, Common Goldeneye, Tufted Duck and Great Reed Warbler. A forest reserve en route has breeding Great Grey Owls and we should enjoy an encounter today with this wonderful bird, which is probably the most impressive of all the owls. Our local guide will have been hard at work to locate nest sites as part of his ongoing research.

The Sporovsky Biological Reserve (or Sporauskaje Balota) is a RAMSAR site of international importance and covers an area of around 20,000 hectares. It is home to Europe’s largest complex of natural floodplain fen mires, which comprise some 75% of its area, the largest extent outside the Arctic and within this very special habitat more than 20% of the world’s population of Aquatic Warblers breed. This is now perhaps the best place in the world to see this restricted-range and increasingly uncommon species as it disappears from its peripheral haunts. Aquatic Warblers will be in full song at the time of our visit, trilling and chirping away from the tops of the sedges in the drier parts of the marshes.

The marshes and fish ponds here are also home to Great Bittern, Great and Common Snipes, all three ‘marsh’ terns, Little Tern, Little Gull, Citrine Wagtail, Eurasian Reed Warbler and pinging Bearded Reedlings, as well as Spotted, Little and Corn Crakes. We have a good chance of seeing the latter and may hear the other two (seeing either is not likely).

Belarus: Day 9  After spending the morning at Sporovsky we will leave the marshes behind as we drive further west to the Polish border and the primaeval forest of Belowezhskaya Pushcha for a two nights stay.

Belarus: Day 10  Belowezhskaya Pushcha is the eastern part of the forest known on the Polish side of the border as Bialowieza. However, it is larger than the portion remaining on the other side of the border and it also has a less well-developed infrastructure. The forest, with its 500-year-old, named oak trees is all that remains of the once vast wildwood that stretched from the Baltic Sea to the Buh River in Ukraine. Originally it was kept as a hunting ground of the Grand Dukes of Lithuania and then the Polish Kings and Russian Czars, but latterly it suffered badly as a battleground and also from timber extraction during the Napoleonic and two World Wars. However, the infamous Nazi minister Hermann Göring played a small part in its survival, sparing it further exploitation during World War II, as he wanted to turn it into a model hunting reserve for the Third Reich. Designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1992 its future is now a little more secure. Several species of owl breed in the area and we have a good chance of observing the tiny Eurasian Pygmy Owl, pound for pound one of the most vicious avian predators.

Although we should already have seen most of the special forest birds by the time we reach Belowezhskaya Pushcha, there may be a few gaps. All but one of the European species of woodpecker occur here, including the uncommon White-backed, Eurasian Three-toed (so quiet that one can pass only a few metres from a feeding bird without noticing it) and the curious Eurasian Wryneck. The forest also provides a home for the uncommon Black Stork and the shy Hazel Grouse. There is a good selection of raptors including White-tailed, Short-toed and Lesser Spotted Eagles, European Honey Buzzard and Northern Goshawk

The forests and damp thickets contain a number of other interesting species including Barred Warblers, the smart Collared Flycatcher and the pretty Red-breasted Flycatcher, Wood Larks and if we are in luck we will also encounter Spotted Nutcracker. Black Redstarts frequent the vicinity of local buildings whilst amongst the hornbeams we are likely to encounter Hawfinches. We may also find an early returning migrant songster like a Marsh or River Warbler, or a Common Rosefinch.

Also present are European Crested Tit and Common Crossbill and more widespread European species include Common Buzzard, Stock Dove, Eurasian Wren, Dunnock, Meadow Pipit, Common Redstart, Whinchat, European Robin, Song Thrush, Redwing, Goldcrest, Marsh Tit, Common Whitethroat, Eurasian Tree Sparrow, European Greenfinch, Eurasian Siskin, European Serin, Eurasian Bullfinch and Hooded Crow.

The main reason to visit this wonderful forest is for its most conspicuous large mammal, the European Bison (or Wisent) and we have a good chance of seeing some lumbering along, browsing leaves at head height as they slip away into the forest. Other herbivores include Elk (or Moose) and Wild Boar. Although bears were extirpated from Belowezhskaya Pushcha in the eighteenth century during the reign of Catherine the Great, predators like Eurasian Lynx and Grey Wolf still haunt this wonderful forest and we have a slim chance of seeing one here.

Belarus: Day 11  Today we will make our way back to Minsk airport, where our Belarus birding tour will end in the early afternoon.


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Other Northern Europe birding tours by Birdquest include: