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Birdquest’s Best of West Papua, Indonesia birding tour explores the western end of the island of New Guinea (a territory that used to be called Irian Jaya). Our Best of West Papua tour concentrates on the many endemic specialities of this part of New Guinea, including the Raja Ampat islands, where some marvellous creatures can be found such as Red and Wilson's Birds of Paradise, Western Parotia, Arfak Astrapia, Long-tailed Paradigalla, Buff-tailed Sicklebill, Flame and Vogelkop Bowerbirds, Western Crowned Pigeon and Red-breasted Paradise Kingfisher.
Saturday 5th August —
Saturday 19th August 2017
Leaders: Mark Van Beirs and Josh Bergmark and local bird guides
Group Size Limit: 8
Tour Category: Easy to fairly demanding walking and comfortable to mostly basic accommodations (including quite a bit of camping)
When, in the mid 19th century, Alfred Russel Wallace first approached the shores of western New Guinea he wrote that he could barely contain his excitement knowing that “those dark forests produced the most extraordinary and the most beautiful of the feathered inhabitants of the earth”.
First sighted by the Portuguese in 1526, this huge island, second only in size to Greenland, exhibits incredible ecological diversity. The very varied local ecology and the isolating effect of the rugged terrain has resulted in a cultural and linguistic diversity unparalleled on earth. Here 0.1% of the world’s population speak 15% of the known languages. Early Dutch colonial influence barely extended beyond the immediate vicinity of the coast, vast areas remaining terra incognita until the mid 20th century. Most of the tribes, particularly those in the highlands, were first contacted by outsiders as recently as in the 1930s or even later, and some are still unknown to westerners. Despite the efforts of missionaries and ‘Indonesianization’ programmes, many tribes are much as they were before outside influences arrived. Stories of tribal warfare and even cannibalism are still frequent in some places, although fortunately not in the areas we will visit!
Diversity and timelessness are as characteristic of the fauna and flora as of the people. West Papua (formerly known as Irian Jaya) is still covered by the some of the largest tracts of undisturbed forest on earth, second only to Amazonia. Very few birdwatchers have as yet visited West Papua, before mass tourism, logging and mining have had a serious impact on the environment. Whether sampling the birds of New Guinea for the first time or returning for those exotic and rarely seen endemics, West Papua provides the adventurous birder with some of the most exciting birding and travel experiences the modern world can offer.
It is most important, however, to realize that a visit to this very remote region is much more of an adventure than a normal birding tour, with some quite primitive living conditions at times. Tourism is still very much in its infancy in West Papua. Although reasonably comfortable hotels exist in all the main centres, once we are away from such places our accommodation will be in remote, basic villages or in small tents or simple ‘bush shelters’ deep in the forest and well away from habitation. West Papua’s very rugged terrain makes road building extremely difficult and they usually stop not far from each town. In addition, local agent charges for arranging adventurous ecotourism in West Papua have become very high, reflecting rapidly climbing costs in this unique part of Indonesia.
This two-week tour concentrates on the very best that West Papua has to offer, the Arfak Mountains and the Raja Ampat islands.
Our adventure starts at the small town of Manokwari on Geelvink Bay, from where we will travel by a fairly recently-constructed road up to the village of Mokwam amongst the spectacular ridges and deep valleys of the Arfak Mountains in search of their three endemic birds of paradise: Western Parotia, Arfak Astrapia and Long-tailed Paradigalla (only rediscovered in 1989). Here we should also see Black-billed (or Buff-tailed) and Black Sicklebills, Magnificent Bird of Paradise, Flame and Vogelkop Bowerbirds, and much more besides, for this is a particularly rich area for endemic and restricted-range species.
Next we come to Sorong, at the western tip of the oddly shaped Vogelkop (Bird’s Head) Peninsula, from where we will take a boat across to Waigeo in the Raja Ampat (or Raja Empat) Islands to search for the endemic Wilson’s and Red Birds of Paradise at their display grounds in the forests. We also have a good chance of seeing the amazing Western Crowned Pigeon flush noisily up into the trees, as well as the endemic Raja Ampat Pitohui and many other more widespread New Guinea birds.
Around Sorong itself we will look for Black Lory and the superb Red-breasted Paradise Kingfisher.
Birdquest pioneered birding tours to West Papua (then known as Irian Jaya) as far back as 1992.
Accommodation & Road Transport: The hotels at Manokwari and Sorong are of good standard. At Mokwam in the Arfak Mountains for three nights we will sleep in simple buildings (with one or two rooms) with primitive washing and toilet facilities. For three nights in the Arfak Mountains we will sleep under primitive ‘bush shelters’. On Waigeo we will either sleep in a simple building with one or two rooms, or we will camp in small tents (for twin or single occupancy), with ‘bush’ washing and toilet facilities. Participants will need to bring their own sleeping bags and ‘thermarest’ type camping mattresses. Road transport is by small coach or minibus. Roads are rather poor and few and far between, but then we do not have to travel long distances on them.
Walking etc: The walking effort is mostly moderate (easy in only a few areas). Access to the Arfak Mountains used to involve much strenuous trekking, but conditions have now been greatly alleviated by the construction of a road up to the village of Mokwam. Even so, hiking the trails in this area will still be quite demanding at times as they are steep in parts. For the Arfak in particular, you need to be fit and agile, with a good sense of balance.
Climate: Unpredictable and dependent on local topography but at this season it should be mostly dry and often sunny. It is generally hot and humid in the lowlands and foothills. At high altitudes daytime temperatures are pleasant but it can get cool at night or when it rains.
Bird Photography: Opportunities are worthwhile.
West Papua Tour Prices: We are sometimes asked why West Papua tour prices are so expensive, especially when there are basic accommodations for much of the tour. The answer is straightforward, but not entirely obvious to an outside observer; the extraordinarily high price levels that are charged by the local agents. There are so very few competent local ecotourism agents (and they do have to have an unusual level of expertise to function well in this remote and very undeveloped part of the world) that they are able to dictate price levels. They do assure us that their operating costs in West Papua are very high.
Important Information for Pound Payers: Kindly note that the Pound prices shown here are based on post-EU-referendum exchange rate reality, unlike the website prices of most UK bird tour operators which are still based on outdated and hugely higher pre-referendum exchange rates. Consequently you can rest assured that we will not have to adjust these prices upwards at invoicing, unless the Pound falls significantly further, and if there is any recovery by the Pound you will receive the full benefit of the cost-saving by way of a price reduction at invoicing.
Tour Price: £4890, €5770, $6410 Manokwari/Sorong.
Price includes all transportation (including the Manokwari-Sorong flight), all accommodations, all meals, bottled water, some drinks, all excursions, all entrance fees, all tips for local drivers/guides and for accommodations/restaurants, leader services.
Base prices for this tour are determined in US Dollars, the currency in which we pay for most tour services. The exchange rates applied at the time of costing were: £1 = $1.310 and €1 = $1.110. For those not paying us in US Dollars, prices may be adjusted (either downwards or upwards) at the time of invoicing should there be a change in the exchange rate. See booking information.
Single Room Supplement: £152, €179, $199 (Manokwari and Sorong only).
Deposit: £550, €650, $750.
Air Travel To & From The Tour: Our in-house IATA ticket agency can arrange your air travel in connection with the tour from a departure point anywhere in the world, or you may arrange your own air travel if you prefer. We can tailor-make your itinerary to your personal requirements, so if you would like to travel in advance of the tour (and spend a night in an hotel so you will feel fresh when the tour starts), or return later than the end of the tour, or make a side trip to some other destination, or travel business class rather than economy, we will be happy to assist. Please contact us about your air travel requirements.
Many of the flights and flight-inclusive holidays on this website are financially protected by the ATOL scheme. But ATOL protection does not apply to all holiday and travel services listed on this website. Please ask us to confirm what protection may apply to your booking. If you do not receive an ATOL Certificate then the booking will not be ATOL protected. If you do receive an ATOL Certificate but all the parts of your trip are not listed on it, those parts will not be ATOL protected. Please see our booking conditions for information, or for more for more information about financial protection and the ATOL Certificate go to: www.atol.org.uk/ATOL Certificate
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