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ULTIMATE SOUTHEAST BRAZIL

Sunday 6th November - Friday 2nd December 2016

Eduardo Patrial

Swallow-tailed Cotinga (Eduardo Patrial)

Swallow-tailed Cotinga (Eduardo Patrial)

This was certainly the best edition of the Ultimate Southeast Brazil tour so far. A tour to be remembered for a long time. Over six hundred species were recorded on this tour for the first time. High quality was amazingly abundant with nighty eight (98) genuine Brazilian endemics plus dozens of near endemic/Atlantic Forest endemic and one of the finest selection of rarities we could ever get. From Espirito Santo, the northernmost of Southeast Brazil, to the southernmost, the state of Rio Grande do Sul, we minutely explored the best from the unique Atlantic Forest. Our outline route was mainly along the impressive range of Serra do Mar, visiting both hilly and lowland coastal sites in fascinating landscapes and natural habitats, besides several nice hotels and pousadas and the great food available on this tour. Best remarks go to: VALE Reserve and its respectable forest with Red-billed Curassows, many White-necked Hawks, a Harpy Eagle nest, endemic parrots/parakeets and White-winged Potoo; the hilly part of Espirito Santo state, with a remarkable lodge for hummingbirds and home of the rare Cherry-throated Tanager, successfully watched this year; the hills of Serra dos Orgãos and their amazing Cotingas; the wetlands from REGUA; the Agulhas Negras Road and the altitudinal endemics; the beautiful coast of Ubatuba with its splendid foothill forests (and Jonas feeders, of course); the mighty Intervales State Park which contains basically everything (including Helmeted Woodpecker); the bay of Paranaguá and its mangrove on the coast of Paraná together with lowland forest from Volta Velha Reserve in Santa Catarina; the Araucaria woodlands and grasslands on the hilly plateaus in Rio Grande do Sul; and finally the coastal Pampa from Mostardas, Rio Grande do Sul, with several ducks, swans, water birds and marsh specialties. Here a short summary of the best achieved: Greater Rhea, Solitary Tinamou, Black-fronted Piping Guan, East Brazilian and Scaled Chachalacas, Red-billed Curassow, Scarlet Ibis, White-necked and Mantled Hawks, Harpy Eagle, Black Hawk-Eagle, Grey-bellied and Bicolored Hawks, Giant and Slaty-breasted Wood Rails, Rufous-sided, Red-and-white and Uniform Crakes, Blackish and Plumbeous Rails, Buff-breasted Sandpiper, South American Painted-Snipe, Giant Snipe, Pavonine Cuckoo, Black-capped and Long-tufted Screech Owls, Rusty-barred, Tawny-browed and Mottled Owls, Common, Great and White-winged Potoos, Pygmy, Long-trained, Little and Sickle-winged Nightjars, Sooty and Biscutate Swifts, Saw-billed, Dusky-throated and Minute Hermits, Brazilian Ruby, Frilled and Festive Coquettes, Green-crowned and Purple-crowned Plovrcrests, Three-toed Jacamar, Crescent-chested and Buff-bellied Puffbirds, Rusty-breasted Nunlet, Black-necked Aracari, Saffron and Spot-billed Toucanets, Yellow-eared, Blond-crested, Ringed, Helmeted (!!) and Robust Woodpeckers, Brown-backed Parrotlet, Ochre-marked (or Blue-throated) and White-eared Parakeets, Pileated and Blue-bellied Parrots, Southern Mealy, Red-browed, Red-tailed and Red-spectacled and Amazons, Long-tailed Cinclodes, Araucaria and Striolated Tit-Spinetails, Itatiaia Spinetail, Straight-billed and Curve-billed Reedhaunters, Firewood Gatherer, Freckle-breasted Thornbird, Hudson’s Canastero, Giant, Spot-backed, White-bearded, Tufted and Large-tailed Antshrikes, Sooretama Slaty Antshrike, Rufous-backed Antvireo, Ochre-rumped, Rufous-tailed, Bertoni’s, Ferruginous, Dusky-tailed, Scaled, White-bibbed and Squamate Antbirds, Southern White-fringed, Serra, Black-hooded, Sao Paulo and Marsh Antwrens, Cryptic, Short-tailed and Rufous-tailed Antthrushes, Variegated and Speckle-breasted Antpittas, Mouse-colored, White-breasted, Marsh and Planalto Tapaculos, Slaty Bristlefront, Spotted Bamboowren, Russet-winged Spadebill, Hangnest, Eye-ringed, Fork-tailed and Kaempfer’s Tody-Tyrants, Southern Bristle Tyrant, Oustalet’s, Sao Paulo, Bay-ringed and Greenish Tyrannulets, Hooded and Black-headed Berryeaters, Grey-winged, Black-and-gold and Swallow-tailed Cotingas, Cinnamon-vented Piha, Bare-throated Bellbird, Brazilian Laniisoma, Buff-throated Purpletuft, Wied’s and Serra-do-mar Tyrant-Manakins, Pin-tailed and Blue Manakins, Saffron-cowled and Scarlat-headed Blackbirds, Yellow-rumped Marshbird, Black-backed, Chestnut-backed, Brassy-breasted, Gilt-edged, Red-necked and Green-headed Tanagers, Black-legged Dacnis, Dubois’s, Buffy-fronted, Temminck’s, Black-bellied and Tawny-bellied Seedeaters, Black-throated, Ultramarine and Glaucous-blue Grosbeaks, and hundreds more.

Yellow-eared Woodpecker (Eduardo Patrial)

Yellow-eared Woodpecker (Eduardo Patrial)