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NORTHEAST BRAZIL

Saturday 11th February - Thursday 9th March 2017

Eduardo Patrial

Buff-fronted Owl (Eduardo Patrial)

Buff-fronted Owl (Eduardo Patrial)

The 2017 Northeast Brazil tour came with some news on the itinerary and again it was a great success. Differently from last year, this time it wasn’t possible to go for Stresemann’s Bristlefront at Mata do Passarinho Reserve in southern Bahia. After a serious burn in the reserve, authorities cleverly decided to close it for recovering, and we all hope that helps to keep alive one of the rarest bird species in the world. On the other hand, for the first time we had the chance to visit two different places in the Northeast region, first the town of Sobral in northwest Ceará state and later the town of Caetité in western Bahia state. Besides some localized endemic species, Sobral also provided this rare encounter with Buff-fronted Owl, while Caetité provided a new Birdquest life bird, the threatened endemic Minas Gerais Tyrannulet. Sobral certainly came to consolidate its place in future tours. But to fit these two new places in the itinerary this year, we had to cancel our visit to one of the original places, in this case the coastal town of Icapuí on the east coast of Ceará. With that we just missed seeing some shorebirds, besides transferring to Porto Seguro (in southern Bahia) our chances with the endemic Little Wood Rail (which was amazingly watched in this new mangrove site). In this year we also went for the tour extension in Alagoas and Pernambuco states, being successful considering the serious situation of most of the local endemic species. Even with small changes every year, in general the Northeast Brazil Tour keeps being an excellent option not just for those who had been in Brazil few times before but also for the ones who want to come for the first time to the country. This is certainly the tour that offers the biggest number of Brazilian endemic birds, a result of the combination of three major biomes: the exclusive dry Caatinga, the rich Atlantic Forest and even some fractions of Cerrado from Central Brazil. In this present tour we recorded 489 species of birds. Amazingly from the total recorded, one hundred and ten birds are endemics to Brazil. As there cannot be different, long drives were necessarily confronted in a vast variety of landscapes and habitats, particularly several isolated places, home of incredible localized species. Notable sightings of remarkable species were constantly witnessed during the trip (like the mysterious Buff-fronted Owl for the first time on this tour), which brings for those present good remembrances of many spectacular moments. On this tour, quality made all the difference. A short summary about the highlights includes Solitary Tinamou, Comb Duck, White-browed Guan, Russet-crowned Crake, Mangrove Rail, Little Wood Rail, Yellow-breasted Crake, Giant Snipe, Scaled Pigeon, Pearly-breasted Cuckoo, Black-capped Screech Owl, Tawny-browed Owl, East Brazilian Pygmy Owl, Buff-fronted Owl, Stygian Owl, White-winged Potoo, Pygmy, Scissor-tailed and Rufous Nightjars, Hook-billed and Broad-tipped Hermits, Black Jacobin, Brown and White-vented Violetears, Ruby-topaz Hummingbird, Long-tailed Woodnymph, Plain-bellied Emerald, Hooded Visorbearer, Horned Sungem, Stripe-breasted Starthroat, White-eared, Caatinga and Crescent-chested Puffbirds, Black-necked and Lettered Aracaris, Gould’s and Spot-billed Toucanets, Golden-spangled, Spotted, Ochraceous and Tawny Piculets, Ochre-backed and Ringed Woodpeckers, Collared Forest Falcon, Bat Falcon, Ochre-marked, Grey-breasted and White-eared Parakeets, Lear’s Macaw, Caatinga, Jandaya, Golden-capped and Blue-crowned Parakeets, Blue-winged and Red-shouldered Macaws, Ochre-cheeked, Bahia, Cinereous-breasted, Red-shouldered, Pallid and Grey-headed Spinetails, Striated Softtail, Pink-legged Graveteiro, Caatinga Cacholote, White-collared, White-eyed and Pernambuco , Foliage-gleaners, Pale-browed Treehunter, Serra Bonita (‘Serra das Lontras’) Treehunter (new species), Rufous-breasted Leaftosser (ssp. cearensis), Great Xenops, Plain-winged Woodcreeper (ssp. taunayi), White-throated, Planalto and Scaled Woodcreepers, Red-billed and Black-billed Scythebills, Spot-backed, Tufted, Silvery-cheeked, Barred (Caatinga), Chestnut-backed, Planalto Slaty, Sooretama Slaty and Rufous-winged Antshrikes, Plumbeous Antvireo, Silvery-flanked, Salvadori’s, Band-tailed and Star-throated Antwrens, Stripe-backed Antbird, Bahia, Caatinga, Black-capped, Pectoral, Narrow-billed, Southern White-fringed, Black-bellied, Rusty-backed and Sincora Antwrens, Ferruginous, Scaled, Rio de Janeiro, Willis’s, Slender, Scalloped and White-bibbed Antbirds, Orange-bellied Antwren, Fringe-backed Fire-eye, Rufous-capped and Short-tailed Antthrushes, White-browed Antpitta, Rufous, Ceara, Black-cheeked and Hooded Gnateaters, Bahia and Diamantina Tapaculos, Collared Crescentchest, Suiriri Flycatcher, Grey-backed Tachuri, Rufous-sided Pygmy Tyrant, Lesser and Greater Wagtail-Tyrants, Alagoas, Bahia, Oustalet’s and Minas Gerais Tyrannulets, Sharp-tailed Grass Tyrant, White-bellied, Stripe-necked, Hangnest, Buff-breasted and Fork-tailed Tody-Tyrants, Smoky-fronted Tody-Flycatcher, Olivaceous Flatbill, Velvety Black Tyrant, Ash-throated Casiornis, Grey-hooded Attila, Black-headed Berryeater, Banded Cotinga, Bearded Bellbird, Cinnamon-vented Piha, White-winged Cotinga, Pale-bellied Tyrant-Manakin, Araripe, Helmeted, Blue-backed, Blue, Pin-tailed, Band-tailed, Eastern Striped, White-crowned and Red-headed Manakins, Sharpbill, Buff-throated Purpletuft, White-naped Xenopsaris, Green-backed Becard, Cinereous Mourner, Grey-eyed and Lemon-chested Greenlets, White-naped Jay, Long-billed Wren, Rufous-brown Solitaire, Cocoa Thrush, Chestnut-bellied Euphonia, Campo Troupial, Forbes’s Blackbird, Pale Baywing, Blue Finch, Sao Francisco Sparrow, Red-cowled Cardinal, Cinnamon, Scarlet-throated, Orange-headed, White-rumped, Brazilian, Azure-shouldered, Golden-chevroned, Shrike-like, Turquoise (ssp. brasiliensis), Seven-colored, Green-headed, Red-necked, Gilt-edged and Opal-rumped (ssp. cyanomelas) and Rufous-headed Tanagers, Bicolored Conebill, Grey-pileated Finch, Serra Finch, Black-throated Grosbeak, Black-throated Saltator, Plumbeous, Dubois’s, White-throated, White-bellied and Copper Seedeaters, Sooty Grassquit, Red Tanager, Yellow-green and Ultramarine Grosbeaks, and hundreds more.

Lear's Macaws (Eduardo Patrial)

Lear's Macaws (Eduardo Patrial)