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BRAZIL'S EASTERN AMAZONIA

Monday 3rd September - Friday 21st September 2018

EDUARDO PATRIAL

The ultra rare and totally mega Kaempfer's Woodpecker, a front runner for the title world's best woodpecker! A major highlight of this tour (Eduardo Patrial)

The ultra rare and totally mega Kaempfer's Woodpecker, a front runner for the title world's best woodpecker! A major highlight of this tour (Eduardo Patrial)

The third and reformulated edition of Brazil’s Eastern Amazonia was again a phenomenal trip in the north of Brazil with over five hundred species of birds recorded (519). A fine and heavy Amazonian list enriched with some of the best from the Cerrado and Caatinga biomes. To highlight here the number of Cracidae (Chachalacas, guans and Curassows - 7), Bucconidae (Puffbirds, Nunlets and Nunbirds - 13), Jacamars (6), Woodpeckers (17), Parrots (25), Woodcreepers (24), Antbirds (50), Flycatchers (64), Cotingidae (Cotingas, Fruitcrows and Piha - 9); Manakins (9) and some pretty good tanagers and finches. Time in Belém put again

a great start on the trip with several special birds like the endemic Buff-browed Chachalaca, Pale-tailed Barbthroat, male Crimson Topaz, Red-necked Aracari [bitorquatus], Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet, Whitewinged Parakeet, Willis’s Antbird, the rare Black-chested Tyrant and Golden-sided Euphonia. Later the impressive Amazonia National Park on west bank of Tapajos was a bird feast. Common fruiting tree called

morototó simply gathered every toucan and cotingas to the roadside trees. The whole area was infested this time, being easy and extremely pleasant to watch birds as Aracaris, Toucans, Toucanet, Cotingas and Brown-chested Barbet so well. Trails were very productive too and we were lucky to have a remarkable ant swarm and shocking views of endemics Harlequin Antbird and Hoffmann’s Woodcreeper. Besides the beautiful scenery of Tapajos, the Amazonia NP provided us Zigzag Heron, White-browed Hawk, Hoatzin,

Sand-colored (NL), and Band-tailed Nighthawks, Fiery-tailed Awlbill, Bronzy, Green-tailed, Blue-necked and Great Jacamars, Spotted, Collared and White-necked Puffbirds, Black-necked, Red-necked and Lettered Aracaris, Channel-billed and White-throated Toucans, Gould’s Toucanet, the shy Cryptic Forest Falcon, the rare endemics Golden Parakeet and Vulturine Parrot; Glossy, Natterer’s Slaty and Blackish-grey Antshrikes,

Dot-backed and Ferruginous-backed and Banded Antbirds, Ihering’s Antwren, Alta Floresta and Amazonian Antpittas, the amazing Black-bellied Gnateater, Rusty-belted Tapaculo and stunning males and females Spangled and Purple-breasted Cotinga, to mention a few. Further east it was time to explore the fantastic Serra dos Carajás. The varied forest habitats found in Carajás together with a bit of Canga (iron ore savannah habitat) kept us very busy during most days of the main tour. Carajás proved again to be one of best sites for birding in the Amazon. Some remarks go to White-crested Guan, Bare-faced Curassow,

Marbled Wood Quail, Dark-winged Trumpeter [dextralis], Pavonine Cuckoo, Ocellated Poorwill, Waved and white-throated Woodpeckers, Rufous-necked and Eastern Striolated Puffbirds, Rufous-capped Nunlet, Jandaya and Santarem Parakeets, Ruddy and Chestnut-throated Spinetails, Para Foliage-gleaner, the rare Peruvian Recurvebill, Brigida’s and Spixi’s Woodcreepers, the rare Wing-banded Antbird, Manu and Rufousfaced

Antbirds, Snethlage’s and Amazonian Antpitta, Chestnut-belted and Black-bellied Gnateaters, Ashthroated Casiornis, Black-and-white Tody-Flycatcher, Amazonian Scrub Flycatcher, endemic White-tailed Cotinga, Guianan Red Cotinga, the fascinating White Bellbird, Fiery-capped and endemic Opal-crowned Manakins, White-naped Jay and Yellow-shouldered Grosbeak. Out of Amazon the gran-finale in the Northeast region this time was divided with one night at Campo Maior in Piauí state and three at Caxias in

Maranhão state. Birding around Campo Maior was fantastic and also gave us the chance to visit the

Palmares National Forest near Teresina on the next day. Several highlights: Buff-browed Chachalaca (NL), a huge number of Long-tailed Ground Dove, White and Ochre-backed Woodpeckers, Band-tailed and Palelegged Horneros, Caatinga Cacholote, Rusty-backed and Chotoy Spinetails, the rare endemic Moustached Woodcreeper, Red-billed Scythebill, Rusty-backed Antwren, endemic Hooded Gnateater, Suiriri Flycatcher,

endemics Campo Troupial, Pale Baywing and Red-cowled Cardinal; White-rumped, Red, Hooded and Orange-headed Tanagers, Coal-crested Finch and endemic White-throated Seedeater. Caxias then provided a final blow of special birds, including the mega Kaempfer’s Woodpecker, seen so well this time, also Spotted Piculet, Caatinga and Crescent-chested [minor] Puffbirds, the endemic Pectoral Antwren, Bearded Bellbird, Pale-bellied Tyrant-Manakin, the new Maranhao-Piaui Pygmy Tyrant Myiornis sp. nov., a stunning male Blue Finch and the uncommon Blackish-blue Seedeaeter.

Another of Brazil's stars of the forest shadows, Harlequin Antbird (Eduardo Patrial)

Another of Brazil's stars of the forest shadows, Harlequin Antbird (Eduardo Patrial)